The opinion of the court was delivered by: Honorable Jacqueline H. Nguyen
Present: The Honorable JACQUELINE H. NGUYEN
Chris Silva Not Reported N/A
Deputy Clerk Court Reporter/Recorder Tape No.
Attorneys Present for Plaintiffs: Attorneys Present for Defendants:
Proceedings: ORDER REMANDING CASE TO LOS ANGELES COUNTY
SUPERIOR COURT (In Chambers)
On August 3, 2011, Plaintiff One West Bank, FSB ("Plaintiff") brought a Complaint for unlawful detainer against Defendants Bertha L. Washington ("Defendant") in state court. Judgment was entered against Defendant on October 13, 2011. On December 2, 2011, Defendants removed the case to federal court. (Docket no. 1.) Having considered the Notice of Removal, the Court finds no federal jurisdiction and hereby REMANDS the case to Los Angeles County Superior Court.*fn1
Removal to federal court is governed by 28 U.S.C. § 1441, which in relevant part states that "any civil action brought in a State court of which the district courts of the United States have original jurisdiction, may be removed by the defendant or the defendants . . . ." 28 U.S.C. § 1441(a). However, the Court may remand a case to state court for lack of subject matter jurisdiction. 28 U.S.C. § 1447(c). "The burden of establishing federal jurisdiction is on the party invoking federal jurisdiction." U.S. v. Marks, 530 F.3d 799, 810 (9th Cir. 2008).
Under 28 U.S.C. § 1331, the Court has original jurisdiction over civil actions "arising under" federal law. "The presence or absence of federal-question jurisdiction is governed by the 'well-pleaded complaint rule,' which provides that federal jurisdiction exists only when a federal question is presented on the face of the plaintiff's properly pleaded complaint." Caterpillar Inc. v. Williams, 482 U.S. 386, 392 (1987). A case may not be removed to federal court on the basis of a federal defense, even if the defense is anticipated in the Plaintiff's complaint. Franchise Tax Bd. of Cal. v. Constr. Laborers Vacation Trust for S. Cal., 463 U.S. 1, 14 (1983).
Under 28 U.S.C. § 1332, the Court has original jurisdiction over civil actions where the amount in controversy exceeds $75,000 and all parties are completely diverse from one another. The amount in controversy is controlled by the complaint. St. ...