IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
January 18, 2012
MICHAEL A. COX, PETITIONER,
WARDEN, SAN QUENTIN STATE PRISON, RESPONDENT.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Carolyn K. Delaney United States Magistrate Judge
DEATH PENALTY CASE
On January 18, 2012, the undersigned heard argument on petitioner's motion for discovery and held a scheduling conference. Lissa Gardner and Timothy Foley appeared for petitioner. Todd Marshall appeared for respondent. Upon review of the motion and the documents in support and opposition, upon hearing the arguments of counsel and good cause appearing therefor, the court finds and orders as follows.
During the course of the state habeas proceedings, the California Supreme Court appointed retired Superior Court Judge Bill Dozier to take evidence and make findings of fact on several questions raised by petitioner's claims. People v. Cox, No. S004703 (Cal. Sup. Ct. Aug. 2, 1991*fn1 ). Petitioner moves for leave to discover the testimonial notes of Judge Dozier. It appears that Judge Dozier relied upon these notes, rather than the transcript of the evidentiary hearings, to render his findings of fact.
The parties in a habeas proceeding are not entitled to discovery as a matter of course. Bracy v. Gramley, 520 U.S. 899, 904 (1997). Rather, "[a] party shall be entitled to invoke the processes of discovery available under the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure if, and to the extent that, the judge in the exercise of his discretion and for good cause shown grants leave to do so, but not otherwise." Rule 6, Rules Governing § 2254 Cases. Good cause is shown "where specific allegations before the court show reason to believe that the petitioner may, if the facts are fully developed, be able to demonstrate that he is . . . entitled to relief." Bracy, 520 U.S. at 908-09 (quoting Harris v. Nelson, 394 U.S. 286, 300 (1969)).
To succeed on a federal habeas claim, petitioner must first meet one of the standards of 28 U.S.C. § 2254(d). Petitioner satisfies section 2254(d) by showing the state court's adjudication of the claim on the merits either
(1) resulted in a decision that was contrary to, or involved an unreasonable application of, clearly established Federal law, as determined by the Supreme Court of the United States; or
(2) resulted in a decision that was based on an unreasonable determination of the facts in light of the evidence presented in the State court proceeding.
A petitioner may be able to satisfy section (d)(2) if he shows "the process employed by the state court is defective." Taylor v. Maddox, 366 F.3d 992, 999 (9th Cir. 2004).
Last year, the United States Supreme Court held that the federal
court's review under section 2254(d)(1) "is limited to the record that
was before the state court that adjudicated the claim on the merits."
Cullen v. Pinholster, 131 S. Ct. 1388, 1398 (2011). The Court's
holding did not directly apply to review under section 2254(d)(2).
However, the Court's decision
references the fact that the language of subsection (d)(2)
specifically limits review to the state court record.*fn2
In the present case, the California Supreme Court is the
court that adjudicated petitioner's claims on the merits. Accordingly,
to determine whether petitioner satisfies section 2254(d)(1) or
section 2254(d)(2), this court is limited to the record that was
available to the California Supreme Court. Judge Dozier's testimonial
notes were not available to the California Supreme Court. Petitioner
has provided no authority for the proposition that this court may
consider material that was not available to the California Supreme
Court in making a determination under 28 U.S.C. § 2254(d).
Accordingly, petitioner has not given this court "reason to believe
that [he] may, if the facts are fully developed, be able to
demonstrate that he is . . . entitled to relief." Bracy, 520 U.S. at
908-09. Moreover, as a practical matter, this court does not find the
notes relevant to a determination under 28 U.S.C. § 2254(d). The
California Supreme Court's decision is either supported by the law and
the facts, including the facts developed at the reference hearing, or
it is not. The transcript and exhibits from the reference hearing are
available to both parties to make these arguments. Petitioner has not
demonstrated good cause to discover Judge Dozier's notes.
With respect to scheduling, the court concludes that the next step in these proceedings is the resolution of any exhaustion issues.
For the foregoing reasons, and good cause appearing, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED as follows:
1. Petitioner's October 31, 2011 Motion for Discovery is denied.
2. By February 18, 2012, the parties shall meet and confer regarding respondent's identification of unexhausted claims or subclaims in the petition.
3. By March 3, 2012, the parties shall file a joint statement with the following information:
a. Identification of each claim or subclaim which respondent contends is unexhausted.
b. For each identified claim or subclaim, a complete statement of each party's position, including citations to the record and, if necessary, legal argument. The parties shall not refer back to argument they made in prior filings with this court.
4. After receipt of the parties' joint statement, the court will determine whether oral argument is necessary on any exhaustion issues.