The opinion of the court was delivered by: Paul L. Abrams United States Magistrate Judge
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
PROCEEDINGS Plaintiff filed this action on March 25, 2011, seeking review of the Commissioner's denial of her application for Disability Insurance Benefits. The parties filed Consents to proceed before the undersigned Magistrate Judge on April 18, 2011, and April 26, 2011. Pursuant to the Court's Order, the parties filed a Joint Stipulation on November 28, 2011, that addresses their positions concerning the disputed issue in the case. The Court has taken the Joint Stipulation under submission without oral argument.
Plaintiff was born on June 26, 1961. [Administrative Record ("AR") at 38-39.] She completed one year of college, and has past relevant work experience as an insurance claims representative and a real estate salesperson. [AR at 136, 145, 147.]
On May 8, 2007, plaintiff filed her application for Disability Insurance Benefits, alleging that she has been unable to work since January 2, 2006, due to, among other things, multiple back issues, fibromyalgia, headaches, fatigue, depression, bilateral carpal tunnel syndrome, bilateral shoulder impairment and tendonitis, elbow problems, and sleep apnea. [AR at 38-39, 106, 134-46, 189-95.] After her application was denied initially and on reconsideration, plaintiff requested a hearing before an Administrative Law Judge ("ALJ"). [AR at 52-61, 65-66.] A hearing was held on March 18, 2009, at which time plaintiff appeared with counsel and testified on her own behalf. [AR at 9-37.] A medical expert and a vocational expert also testified. [AR at 12-22, 32-35.] On June 17, 2009, the ALJ determined that plaintiff was not disabled. [AR at 43-51.] On January 28, 2011, the Appeals Council denied plaintiff's request for review. [AR at 3-8.] This action followed.
Pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 405(g), this Court has authority to review the Commissioner's decision to deny benefits. The decision will be disturbed only if it is not supported by substantial evidence or if it is based upon the application of improper legal standards. Moncada v. Chater, 60 F.3d 521, 523 (9th Cir. 1995); Drouin v. Sullivan, 966 F.2d 1255, 1257 (9th Cir. 1992).
In this context, the term "substantial evidence" means "more than a mere scintilla but less than a preponderance -- it is such relevant evidence that a reasonable mind might accept as adequate to support the conclusion." Moncada, 60 F.3d at 523; see also Drouin, 966 F.2d at 1257. When determining whether substantial evidence exists to support the Commissioner's decision, the Court examines the administrative record as a whole, considering adverse as well as supporting evidence. Drouin, 966 F.2d at 1257; Hammock v. Bowen, 879 F.2d 498, 501 (9th Cir. 1989). Where the evidence is susceptible to more than one rational interpretation, the Court must defer to the decision of the Commissioner. Moncada, 60 F.3d at 523; Andrews v. Shalala, 53 F.3d 1035, 1039-40 (9th Cir. 1995); Drouin, 966 F.2d at 1258.
THE EVALUATION OF DISABILITY
Persons are "disabled" for purposes of receiving Social Security benefits if they are unable to engage in any substantial gainful activity owing to a physical or mental impairment that is expected to result in death or which has lasted or is expected to last for a continuous period of at ...