UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
January 23, 2012
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
NORMAN D. BISHOP, TAXPAYER: NORMAN D. RESPONDENT.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Sheila K. Oberto United States Magistrate Judge
MAGISTRATE JUDGE'S FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS RE: I.R.S. SUMMONS ENFORCEMENT AND ) ORDER OBJECTIONS DUE: 10 DAYS
BISHOP, as Sole Proprietor of Clovis Ace Hardware
This matter came before Magistrate Judge Sheila K. Oberto on January 13, 2012, under the Order to Show Cause filed October 20, 2011, which, with the verified petition and memorandum, was personally served upon respondent on November 8, 2011. Respondent did not file a written opposition. Yoshinori H. T. Himel, Assistant United States Attorney, appeared for petitioner, and investigating Revenue Officer Lorena Ramos was present. Respondent did not appear.
The Verified Petition to Enforce I.R.S. Summons initiating this proceeding seeks to enforce an administrative summons (Exhibit A to the petition) in aid of Revenue Officer Ramos' investigation of Norman D. Bishop to determine financial information relevant to the IRS' efforts to collect Employer's Federal Quarterly Tax (Form 941) for the tax periods
Magistrate Judge's Findings and Recommendations Re: I.R.S. Summons Enforcement and Order ending March 31, 2008, June 30, 2008, September 30, 2008, December 31, 2008, March 31, 2009, and June 30, 2009; as well as Employer Annual Federal Unemployment Tax (Form 940) for the tax year ending December 31, 2008, assessed against Norman D. Bishop and relating to his sole-proprietorship business, Clovis Ace Hardware. The summons was issued by Revenue Officer Ramos on January 13, 2011, and was served by hand delivery to respondent on the same date.
Subject matter jurisdiction is invoked under 28 U.S.C. §§ 1340 and 1345, and is found to be proper. I.R.C. §§ 7402(b) and 7604(a) (26 U.S.C.) authorize the government to bring the action. The Order to Show Cause shifted to respondent the burden of rebutting any of the four requirements of United States v. Powell, 379 U.S. 48, 57-58 (1964).
I have reviewed the petition and documents in support. Based on the uncontroverted allegations of the verified petition, and the entire record, I make the following findings:
(1) The summons issued by Revenue Officer Lorena Ramos to respondent, Norman D. Bishop, on January 13, 2011, seeking testimony and production of documents and records in respondent's possession, was issued in good faith and for a legitimate purpose under I.R.C. § 7602, that is, to determine financial information relevant to the IRS' efforts to collect Employer's Federal Quarterly Tax (Form 941) for the tax periods ending March 31, 2008, June 30, 2008, September 30, 2008, December 31, 2008, March 31, 2009, and June 30, 2009; as well as Employer Annual Federal Unemployment Tax (Form 940) for the tax year ending December 31, 2008, assessed against Norman D. Bishop and relating to his sole-proprietorship business, Clovis Ace Hardware.
(2) The information sought is relevant to that purpose. (3) The information sought is not already in the possession of the Internal Revenue Service.
(4) The administrative steps required by the Internal Revenue Code have been followed.
(5) There is no evidence of referral of this case by the Internal Revenue Service to the Department of Justice for criminal prosecution.
Magistrate Judge's Findings and Recommendations Re: I.R.S. Summons Enforcement and Order
(6) The verified petition and its exhibits made a prima facie showing of satisfaction of the requirements of United States v. Powell, 379 U.S. 48, 57-58 (1964).
(7) The burden shifted to respondent, Norman D. Bishop, to rebut that prima facie showing.
(8) Respondent presented no argument or evidence to rebut the prima facie showing. For the reasons set forth above, it is HEREBY RECOMMENDED that:
1. The IRS summons issued to respondent, Norman D. Bishop, be enforced; 2. Respondent be ordered to appear at the I.R.S. offices at 2525 Capitol Street, Suite 206, Fresno, California 93721-2227, before Revenue Officer Lorena Ramos, or her designated representative, on the twenty-first (21st) day after the filing date of the District Judge's summons enforcement order, or at a later date to be set in writing by Revenue Officer Ramos, then and there to be sworn, to give testimony, and produce for examining and copying the books, checks, records, papers and other data demanded by the summons, the examination to continue from day to day until completed; and
3. The Court retain jurisdiction to enforce its order by its contempt power. These findings and recommendations are submitted to the United States District Judge assigned to the case, under 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) and (C) and Rule 304 of the Local Rules of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of California. Within ten
(10) days after being served with these findings and recommendations, any party may file written objections with the court and serve a copy on all parties.*fn1 Such a document should be titled "Objections to Magistrate Judge's Findings and Recommendations." Any reply to the objections shall be served and filed within ten (10) days after service of the objections. The District Judge will then review these findings and recommendations pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). The parties are advised that failure to file objections within the specified time may waive the right to appeal the District Court's order. Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991).
IT IS SO ORDERED.