UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
January 24, 2012
GEORGE J. GEHRON,
T.D. SERVICE COMPANY, ET AL., DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Barry Ted Moskowitz, Chief Judge United States District Court
On January 20, 2012, the Court received from Plaintiff George J. Gehron a "CIV-110 Request for Dismissal" form, signed by Plaintiff. See Cal. Code. Civ. P. § 581 Form 1. The form requests of the Clerk: "Please dismiss this action as follows: . . . Entire action of all parties and all causes of action."
The Court construes this as a notice of dismissal of Plaintiff's entire complaint. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 41(a)(1) ("(A) [T]he plaintiff may dismiss an action without a court order by filing: . . . (i) a notice of dismissal before the opposing party serves either an answer or a motion for summary judgment . . . ."). As no Defendants have filed either an answer or a motion for summary judgment, Plaintiff does not require leave of court to dismiss his case. The dismissal of Plaintiff's entire complaint is without prejudice, as the notice of dismissal does not indicate otherwise. See id. ("(B) Unless the notice or stipulation provides otherwise, the dismissal is without prejudice.").
As a consequence of Plaintiff's dismissal of this entire action, the Court DENIES as moot all motions to dismiss, motions to strike and motions to change venue filed by Defendants (Dkt. Nos. 10, 14, 16, 17 and 18). The Court retains jurisdiction over the two motions to declare Plaintiff a vexatious litigant (Dkt. Nos. 11 and 19), and these motions remain under consideration. See Cooter & Gell v. Hartmarx Corp., 496 U.S. 384, 396 (1990) (district court retains jurisdiction to impose sanctions after plaintiff voluntarily dismisses action pursuant to Rule 41 because "[i]t is well established that a federal court may consider collateral issues after an action is no longer pending."); Eng v. Marcus & Millichap Co., No. C 10-05050, 2011 WL 2175207, at *1 (E.D. Cal. 2011) (holding that voluntary dismissal pursuant to Rule 41 does not deprive district court of jurisdiction to consider motion for sanctions and motion to declare plaintiff vexatious litigant).
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