The opinion of the court was delivered by: Honorable VIRGINIA A. Phillips, U.S. District Judge
PRESENT: HONORABLE VIRGINIA A. PHILLIPS, U.S. DISTRICT JUDGE
Marva Dillard None Present Courtroom Deputy Court Reporter
ATTORNEYS PRESENT FOR PLAINTIFFS: ATTORNEYS PRESENT FOR DEFENDANTS: None None
PROCEEDINGS: MINUTE ORDER REMANDING ACTION TO THE CALIFORNIA SUPERIOR COURT FOR THE COUNTY OF SAN BERNARDINO (IN CHAMBERS)
On September 15, 2011, Plaintiff Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation ("Plaintiff") filed a complaint for unlawful detainer ("Complaint") against Defendants
K. Arthur and Agnes Arthur ("Defendants") in the California Superior Court County of San Bernardino. (Not. of Removal.) On January 17, 2012, Defendants removed the action on the basis of this Court's diversity jurisdiction, 28 § 1332, and federal question jurisdiction, 38 U.S.C. § 1331. (See id.)
Removal jurisdiction is governed by statute. See 28 U.S.C. §1441. The Ninth applies a strong presumption against removal jurisdiction, ensuring "the always has the burden of establishing that removal is proper." Gaus v. Inc., 980 F.2d 564, 566 (9th Cir. 1992) (citing Nishimoto v. Federman-- & Assocs., 903 F.2d 709, 712 n.3 (9th Cir. 1990)); see also In re Ford Motor Co./Citibank, 264 F.3d 952, 957 (9th Cir. 2001) ("The party asserting federal jurisdiction bears the burden of proving the case is properly in federal court."). "If at before final judgment it appears that the district court lacks subject matter jurisdiction, the case shall be remanded." 28 U.S.C. § 1447(c); FW/PBS, Inc. v. 493 U.S. 215, 231 (1990) ("federal courts are under an independent to examine their own jurisdiction"); see also Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(h)(3) ("If court determines at any time that it lacks subject-matter jurisdiction, the court dismiss the action.")
Defendants claim removal is proper because the Court has diversity jurisdiction, 28 U.S.C. § 1332. (See Not. of Removal at 2.) Upon review of the and the Notice of Removal, however, the Court finds no basis for diversity jurisdiction in this case. Defendants do not claim that the amount in controversy
the jurisdictional threshold for diversity jurisdiction, $75,000. (Id. at 2-7); 28 U.S.C. § 1332. In fact, Defendants never state an amount in controversy.
Defendants have not shown the Court has jurisdiction based on diversity U.S.C. § 1332.
Defendants also allege the basis for removal is federal question jurisdiction, 28 § 1331, because the claims arise under federal law. (See Not. of Removal at From the face of the Complaint, however, Plaintiff's only claim is for unlawful a California state law action. See Franchise Tax Bd. v. Constr. Laborers Trust, 463 U.S. 1, 10 (1983) (defendant may not remove case to federal unless basis for federal jurisdiction apparent on the face of the complaint). Accordingly, Defendants have not shown the Court has jurisdiction based on federal under 28 U.S.C. § 1331.
"If it clearly appears on the face of the [Notice of Removal] and any exhibits thereto that removal should not be permitted, the court shall make an order for summary remand." 28 U.S.C. § ...