IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
March 20, 2012
MARVIN GLENN HOLLIS, PLAINTIFF,
PHILLIP SLOAN, ET AL., DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Kendall J. Newman United States Magistrate Judge
On March 2, 2012, this court directed defendants to respond to plaintiff's motions to "terminate or limit" his deposition scheduled for March 1, 2012. (Dkt. Nos. 75, 77, 80.) Plaintiff's motions, brought pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 30(d)(3), seek to prevent defendants from asking plaintiff questions that may embarrass him, particularly in front of correctional officers whose presence may be required at the deposition.
Defendants timely responded to the court's order (Dkt. Nos. 82, 83), and plaintiff filed a reply (Dkt. No. 87). These filings indicate that plaintiff's deposition was commenced on March 1, 2012, but quickly drawn to a close after plaintiff stated he would not proceed until the court ruled on his motion to limit or terminate. (See Dkt. No. 83 (Depo. Transcript).) Plaintiff now states that his primary concern is that correctional officers may hear the deposition; plaintiff does not seek to limit the questioning itself. Deputy Attorney General M. Kubicek states that correctional officers need not be present during the deposition of a prisoner at California State Prison-Sacramento ("CSP-SAC").*fn1
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 30(d)(3)(A) authorizes a deponent to "move to terminate or limit" a deposition in progress "on the ground that it is being conducted in bad faith or in a manner that unreasonably annoys, embarrasses, or oppresses the deponent or party."
See also Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(c) (deponent may move for a protective order before a deposition begins, for protection "from annoyance, embarrassment, oppression, or undue burden or expense"); Pintos v. Pacific Creditors Ass'n, 605 F.3d 665, 678 (9th Cir. 2010) (court must balance the need for discovery against the need for confidentiality").
The court is persuaded that plaintiff believes he may be put at risk if correctional officers hear his answers to questions that defendants may pose at deposition. For this reason, the court will order that defendants affirmatively arrange for plaintiff's deposition to be taken in a setting at CSP-SAC that precludes correctional officers, or any other individuals not directly involved in the deposition, from hearing any deposition questions or answers. The court will not limit the content of defendants' questions other than that accorded by Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(b)(1) ("[p]arties may obtain discovery regarding any non-privileged matter that is relevant to any party's claim or defense -- including the existence, description, nature, custody, condition, and location of any documents or other tangible things and the identify and location of persons who know of any discoverable matter").
To accommodate the scheduling of plaintiff's renewed deposition, and any related discovery, the deadline for discovery will be extended.
For the foregoing reasons, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that:
1. Plaintiff's motions to "terminate or limit" his deposition (Dkt. Nos. 75, 77), are granted in part:
2. Defendants shall, within thirty days after the filing date of this order, reschedule plaintiff's deposition at CSP-SAC court, with arrangements that the deposition be taken in a setting that is acoustically private; while CSP-SAC correctional officers may observe the deposition through soundproof glass, they may not be permitted to listen to any part of the deposition;
3. The discovery deadline is extended, from March 2, 2012 (see Dkt. No. 67), to June 11, 2012;*fn2
4. The deadline for filing dispositive motions in this action (currently May 4, 2012), is vacated pending further order of this court;
5. Plaintiff's request for an extension of time (Dkt. No. 84), is denied as moot.
6. Plaintiff's motion to consolidate this action (Dkt. No. 86), with a settlement conference in another of plaintiff's actions, is also denied as moot.*fn3