UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
March 27, 2012
MATTHEW CATE, RESPONDENT.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Barbara A. McAuliffe United States Magistrate Judge
ORDER GRANTING PETITIONER'S MOTION FOR RECONSIDERATION (DOC. 11), SETTING ASIDE THE DISMISSAL OF THE PETITION (DOC. 9, AND DIRECTING THAT THE JUDGMENT BE VACATED (DOC. 10)
ORDER DEEMING PETITIONER'S MOTION FOR RECONSIDERATION TO BE A
SUPPLEMENT TO THE PETITION (DOCS. 11, 1)
ORDER REQUIRING RESPONDENT TO FILE A RESPONSE TO THE PETITION AS SUPPLEMENTED ORDER SETTING A BRIEFING SCHEDULE ORDER DIRECTING THE CLERK TO SERVE DOCUMENTS ON THE ATTORNEY GENERAL
Petitioner is a state prisoner who proceeds pro se and in forma pauperis with a petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(c)(1), Petitioner consented to the jurisdiction of the United States Magistrate Judge to conduct all further proceedings in the case, including the entry of final judgment, by manifesting consent in a signed writing filed by Petitioner on August 1, 2011 (doc. 5). On January 27, 2012, the Court dismissed the petition for lack of subject matter jurisdiction, and judgment was entered. Pending before the Court is Petitioner's motion for reconsideration of the dismissal of the petition, which was filed on February 6, 2012.
I. Motion for Reconsideration
Fed. R. Civ. P. 60 applies to habeas proceedings only to the extent that application is not inconsistent with the applicable federal statutes and rules. Gonzalez v. Crosby, 545 U.S. 524, 529 (2005) (challenge to dismissal of a § 2254 petition for untimeliness). Although successive petitions are limited by statute, it is appropriate to consider a Rule 60(b) motion as such in a § 2254 proceeding where a petitioner uses the vehicle not to allege a claim or to attack the substance of the federal court's resolution of a claim on the merits, but rather to challenge a ruling that precluded a merits determination and thereby to raise some defect in the integrity of the federal habeas proceedings, such as failure to exhaust, procedural default, or statute of limitations. Id. at 532, 538.
Here, Petitioner challenges the Court's determination that Petitioner's claim or claims are not cognizable in a habeas proceeding pursuant to § 2254. The Court will assume that Rule 60(b) is appropriately applied in Petitioner's case.
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 60(b) governs the reconsideration of final orders of the district court. The rule permits a district court to relieve a party from a final order or judgment on various grounds, including 1) mistake, inadvertence, surprise, or excusable neglect; 2) newly discovered evidence; 3) fraud or misconduct by an opposing party; 4) a void judgment; 5) a satisfied judgment; or 6) any other reason that justifies relief from the judgment. Fed. R. Civ. P. 60(b). The motion for reconsideration must be made within a reasonable time, and with respect to the first three grounds, no more than a year after the entry of the judgment, order, or proceeding. Fed. R. Civ. P. 60(c). Motions to reconsider are committed to the discretion of the trial court. Combs v. Nick Garin Trucking, 825 F.2d 437, 441 (D.C.Cir. 1987); Rodgers v. Watt, 722 F.2d 456, 460 (9th Cir. 1983) (en banc). To succeed, a party must set forth facts or law of a strongly convincing nature to induce the Court to reverse its prior decision. See, e.g., Kern-Tulare Water Dist. v. City of Bakersfield, 634 F.Supp. 656, 665 (E.D.Cal. 1986), aff'd in part and rev'd in part on other grounds, 828 F.2d 514 (9th Cir. 1987), cert. denied, 486 U.S. 1015 (1988). The Ninth Circuit has stated that "[c]lause 60(b)(6) is residual and 'must be read as being exclusive of the preceding clauses.'" LaFarge Conseils et Etudes, S.A. v. Kaiser Cement, 791 F.2d 1334, 1338 (9th Cir. 1986) (quoting Corex Corp. v. United States, 638 F.2d 119 (9th Cir. 1981)). Accordingly, "the clause is reserved for 'extraordinary circumstances.'" Id.
In the petition, Petitioner complained of the allegedly retaliatory use of the prison gang validation procedure, which Petitioner claimed had been used to punish him for previous complaints concerning prison staff; the absence of reliable information to support the finding that Petitioner, an admitted member of the Project Watts Crips gang who had not debriefed in prison, was validated as an associate of the Black Guerrilla Family (BGF); illegal reading of Petitioner's legal mail; and being subjected to an ex post facto law by the application to him of Cal. Pen. Code §§ 2933(A)-(B) and 3057(D), which were amended and took effect on January 25, 2010, and associated regulations and instructional memoranda of the CDCR, which increased the amount of credits some prisoners earn, but which are not applicable to prison gang members placed in a security housing unit (SHU). (Pet. 5, 7, 21, 25, 29-32, 54-58, 61-62, 66-70.) Petitioner requested expungement from his "C" file of the false, unreliable, and insufficient information used to validate his active association with the BGF; release from the SHU; and return of various materials relating to Petitioner's pending litigation against agents of the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR) allegedly taken wrongfully by CDCR agents. (Pet. 72-73.)
In the initial petition, Petitioner alleged that as a direct result of the false prison gang validation, his release date was changed from June 2013 to October 2016 (id. at 54), although the process or mechanism by which the gang validation affected Petitioner's release date was not described.
In the motion for reconsideration, Petitioner appended documentation, including materials concerning the basis for his claim that the length of his confinement was affected by the gang validation. Petitioner also addressed his claim concerning an alleged violation of the proscription against ex post facto laws based on application of a statute taking effect in 2010 that precludes validated gang associates from earning credit while in segregated housing.
Petitioner argues that the Court should grant reconsideration of the dismissal and re-open the case. Petitioner contends that he should have had an opportunity to amend his petition to include the additional materials submitted with the motion, which demonstrate that he can state tenable claims for relief.
Based on a review of the additional materials submitted with the motion, and further considering the entirety of the petition, the Court concludes that Petitioner has shown that relief from the judgment is justified. The Court exercises its discretion to grant Petitioner's motion for reconsideration pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 60(b). The Court will direct that the dismissal be set aside and that the judgment be vacated.
Further, the Court exercises its inherent discretion to control its docket and the disposition of its cases with economy of time and effort for both the court and the parties. See, Landis v. North American Co., 299 U.S. 248, 254-255 (1936); Ferdik v. Bonzelet, 963 F.2d 1258, 1260 (9th Cir. 1992). In lieu of requiring Petitioner to file an amended complaint, the Court will deem the additional materials submitted with the motion for reconsideration (doc. 11) to be a supplement to the petition.
III. Response to the Petition
The Court has conducted a preliminary review of the petition as supplemented. It is not clear from the face of the petition whether Petitioner is entitled to relief. 28 U.S.C. § 2243.
Accordingly, pursuant to Rule 4 of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases and Rule 16 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, *fn1 the Court will direct Respondent to file a response and will issue a scheduling order.
Accordingly, it is ORDERED that:
1) Petitioner's motion for reconsideration of the dismissal of the petition is GRANTED; and
2) The dismissal of the petition filed on January 27, 2012, is SET ASIDE, and the judgment entered on the same date is VACATED; and
3) Petitioner's motion for reconsideration is DEEMED to be a supplement to the petition; and
4) The Court hereby ORDERS:
a) Respondent SHALL FILE a RESPONSE to the petition *fn2 within SIXTY (60) days of the date of service of this order. See Rule 4, Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases; Cluchette v. Rushen, 770 F.2d 1469, 1473-1474 (9th Cir. 1985) (court has discretion to fix time for filing a response). A response can be made by filing one of the following:
I. An ANSWER addressing the merits of the petition. Respondent
SHALL INCLUDE with the ANSWER any and all transcripts
or other documents necessary for the resolution of the issues
presented in the petition. See Rule 5, Rules Governing Section 2254
Cases. Any argument by Respondent that a claim of Petitioner has been
procedurally defaulted SHALL BE MADE in the
ANSWER, but must also address the merits of the claim asserted.
II. A MOTION TO DISMISS the petition. A motion to dismiss SHALL INCLUDE copies of all Petitioner's state court filings and dispositive rulings. See Rule 5, Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases. *fn3
b. If Respondent files an answer to the petition, Petitioner MAY FILE a traverse within THIRTY (30) days of the date Respondent's answer is filed with the Court. If no traverse is filed, the petition and answer are deemed submitted at the expiration of the thirty (30) days.
c. If Respondent files a motion to dismiss, Petitioner SHALL FILE
an opposition or statement of non-opposition within
TWENTY-ONE (21) days of the date Respondent's motion is
filed with the Court. If no opposition is filed, the motion to dismiss
is deemed submitted at the expiration of the thirty (30) days. Any
reply to an opposition to the motion to dismiss SHALL BE FILED within
SEVEN (7) days after the opposition is served.
d. Unless already submitted, both Respondent and Petitioner
SHALL COMPLETE and RETURN to the Court within THIRTY (30) days a consent/decline form indicating whether the party consents or declines to consent to the jurisdiction of a the United States Magistrate Judge pursuant to Title 28 U.S.C. § 636(c)(1).
e. The Clerk of the Court is DIRECTED to SERVE a copy of this order on the Attorney General or his representative.
All motions shall be submitted on the record and briefs filed without oral argument unless otherwise ordered by the Court. Local Rule 230(l). Extensions of time will only be granted upon a showing of good cause. All provisions of Local Rule 110 are applicable to this order.
IT IS SO ORDERED.