The opinion of the court was delivered by: Honorable Janis L. SammartinoUnited States District Judge
ORDER SUA SPONTE MILLER, DISMISSING COMPLAINT (ECF No. 1)
On March 26, 2012, Plaintiffs "Mehran Abazary of the [Mehran: Afazary], Alvin-Ruis: Pate's, Atef: Afkarian, and David-Wynn: Miller," proceeding pro se, filed the Complaint in this action against various Defendants. (Compl., ECF No. 1.) For the reasons stated below, the Court sua sponte dismisses Plaintiffs' Complaint for failure to comply with the requirements of Rule 8, and grants Plaintiffs leave to amend.
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 8(a) provides: "A pleading that states a claim for relief must contain . . . a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief." Although Rule 8 "does not require 'detailed factual allegations,' . . . it [does] demand more than an unadorned, the-defendant-unlawfully-harmed-me accusation." Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 129 S. Ct. 1937, 1949 (2009) (quoting Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007)). In other words, "a plaintiff's obligation to provide the 'grounds' of his 'entitle[ment] to relief' requires more than labels and conclusions, and a formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action will not do." Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555 (citing Papasan v. Allain, 478 U.S. 265, 286 (1986)). Generally, courts must broadly construe pleadings filed by pro se litigants, affording pro se plaintiffs any benefit of the doubt. See Erickson v. Pardus, 551 U.S. 89, 94 (2007); Thompson v. Davis, 295 F.3d 890, 895 (9th Cir. 2002). However, even when receiving liberal construction, pro se litigants must still comply with the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, including Rule 8. See King v. Atiyeh, 790 F.2d 1362, 1364 (9th Cir. 1986).
The Court finds the Complaint does not sufficiently show how Plaintiffs are entitled to relief. As an illustration of the type of nonsensical and undecipherable text contained in the Complaint, the first "cause" listed reads as follows:
~1 FOR THE C. -S. -S. -C. -P. -S. -G. -CORRECTIONS OF THESE FRAUDULENT-PARSE-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR-COMMUNICATION-COURT-DOCUMENTS ARE WITH THE FRAUDULENT-PARSE-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR-DAMAGE-CLAIMS OF THE VASSALEE'S-WRONG-WORD-COMMUNICATION-EVIDENCE-HEREIN-BONDED WITH THE THREE-TIMES-EQUITY-DAMAGES OF THE $75,000.00-PER-HOUR WITH THE CLAYTON-ANTITRUST-ACT (1914) OF THE FREEDON-LOSS WITH THE FRAUDULENT-PARSE_SYNTAX-GRAMMAR-FALSE-ARREST BY THE CLAIMANTS'-FRAUDULENT-PARSE-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR-EVIDENCE. (Compl. 3) (emphasis in original). Plaintiffs' Complaint goes on in this manner for a total of twelve pages. The civil cover sheet attached to the Complaint lists 42 U.S.C. § 1986*fn1 , 15 U.S.C. § 1692*fn2 , and 31 U.S.C. § 3729*fn3 as federal statutes under which Plaintiffs are filing, also stating "QUO-WARRANTOR COMPLAINT FRAUDULENT SYNTAX GRAMMAR" as the "Nature of Suit." (Civil Cover Sheet, ECF No. 1 at 13.) However, it is impossible to decipher any such causes of action, or any other cognizable legal theories, from the text of Plaintiffs' Complaint itself. The attached documents, which appear to be copies of several filings in a proceeding in superior court, are similarly unhelpful in ascertaining Plaintiffs' claims or bases for this action in federal court. (See Attachments to Compl., ECF No. 1-1.) These documents also contain substantial handwritten text, and handwritten numbers appear above each typed word, apparently as part of some kind of code. Stamped at the bottom of each page is what appears to be the key to that code: ":Syntax-word-key-meaning: 1=Adverb, 2=Verb, 3= Adjective, 4=Pronoun; 8=Past-time, 9=Future-time, 9=Conjunction, NC=No-Contract." Again, the meaning or relevance of this code is not explained.
This is not the first such Complaint filed by Plaintiff Miller.*fn4 In nearly identical circumstances, judges in this district have dismissed Plaintiff's incomprehensible and unintelligible complaints for failure to assert "a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief" under Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a)(2). See, e.g., Miller v. Michael Burnett & Matthews, LLP, No. 11cv2590 WQH (WVG), 2012 WL 909462 at *2 (S.D. Cal. Order Mar. 15, 2012) ("Dismissal is appropriate because the indecipherable allegations of the Complaint lack any cognizable legal theory or sufficient facts to support a cognizable legal theory."); Abraham-D. Tomas v. AEGIS Mortgage Co., No. 10cv2286 BEN (BLM) (S.D. Cal. Orders Nov. 18, 2010 and Jan. 28, 2011) (sua sponte dismissing case without prejudice). Here, the Court similarly finds dismissal proper, where the Court cannot discern from the Complaint any facts or allegations sufficient to support a cognizable legal theory upon which relief could be granted. Instead, the Complaint is "filled with nonsensical, erratically-formatted lines of text that fail to allege any facts, let alone a coherent legal claim." Abraham-D. Tomas, No. 10cv2286 BEN (BLM) (S.D. Cal. Order Jan. 27, 2011).
Dismissal of this Complaint, especially without prejudice, is warranted under a variety of rules of civil procedure. See Amsterdam v. Office of Hawaiian Affairs, 2011 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 91639 at *8-9 (D. Haw., Aug. 16, 2011) (citing Franklin v. Murphy, 745 F.2d 1221, 1227 n.6 (9th Cir. 1984))(explaining that a paid complaint that is "obviously frivolous" may be dismissed sua sponte for numerous grounds, including Rule 12(b)(6), Rule 12(b)(1), and Rule 8 itself); Nasious v. Two Unknown B.I.C.E. Agents, 492 F.3d 1158, 1162 (10th Cir. 2007) (stating that dismissing a case under Rule 41(b) for failure to comply with Rule 8 allows the plaintiff "another go at trimming the verbiage; accordingly, a district court may, without abusing its discretion, enter such an order without attention to any particular proceedings."); Apple v. Glenn, 183 F.3d 477, 479 (6th Cir. 1999) (noting that district courts may sua sponte dismiss completely implausible paid complaints under Rule 12(b)(6) for failure to state a claim so long as the dismissal is without prejudice or the plaintiff is given notice and an opportunity to respond, or under Rule 12(b)(1) for lack of subject matter jurisdiction, with or without prejudice).
Accordingly, this action is DISMISSED without prejudice. Through this Order of dismissal, Plaintiffs have notice of the Complaint's deficiencies and an opportunity to respond by filing an Amended Complaint.*fn5 If Plaintiffs wish, they may file an Amended Complaint that adheres to the pleading requirements of Rule 8 within 30 days of the filing date of this Order. Any such Amended Complaint must set forth a clear statement of Plaintiffs' claims in order to give Defendants a fair opportunity to respond and to allow the Court to perform its responsibilities in managing this action.