Plaintiff, a county jail inmate proceeding pro se, has filed a civil rights complaint seeking relief under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Plaintiff has not paid the required filing fee. This proceeding was referred to the undersigned magistrate judge by Local Rule 302 pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1).
The federal in forma pauperis statute includes a limitation on the number of actions in which a prisoner can proceed in forma pauperis.
In no event shall a prisoner bring a civil action or appeal a judgment in a civil action or proceeding under [§ 1915] if the prisoner has, on 3 or more prior occasions, while incarcerated or detained in any facility, brought an action or appeal in a court of the United States that was dismissed on the grounds that it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, unless the prisoner is under imminent danger of serious physical injury.
28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). "[T]he plain language of § 1915(g) requires that the court look at cases dismissed prior to the enactment of the [Prison Litigation Reform Act] to determine when a prisoner has used his three strikes." Rodriguez v. Cook, 169 F.3d 1176, 1181 (9th Cir. 1999).
For purposes of § 1915(g), the court must determine whether plaintiff has, on three or more occasions prior to the filing of this new action, brought a civil action or appeal that was dismissed on the grounds that it was frivolous, malicious, or failed to state a claim upon which relief could be granted. Where a court denies a prisoner's application to file an action without prepayment of fees on the grounds that the submitted complaint is frivolous, malicious or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, the complaint has been "dismissed" for purposes of § 1915(g). See O'Neal v. Price, 531 F.3d 1146, 1153 (9th Cir. 2008).
Here, plaintiff suffered his first strike for purposes of § 1915(g) on July 17, 2006, when the district court dismissed Weaver v. California Correctional Institution Confinement SHU, Case No. CIV F-06-0671 OWW SMS P (E.D. Cal.) for failure to state a claim and frivolousness. Plaintiff suffered his second strike on July 17, 2006, when the district court dismissed Weaver v. California Correctional Institution - Third Watch Sergeant, Case No. CIV F-06-0775 OWW LJO P (E.D. Cal.) for failure to state a claim and frivolousness. Finally, plaintiff suffered his third strike on August 1, 2006, when the district court dismissed Weaver v. California Correctional Institution Law Library, Case No. CIV F-06-0863 OWW SMS P (E.D. Cal.) for failure to state a claim and frivolousness. In fact, as far back as 2006, in Weaver v. California Correctional Institution Building A-4A-4 et al., Case No. CIV F-06-1429 OWW SMS P, United States District Judge Oliver W. Wanger of the Fresno Division of this court dismissed an action filed by plaintiff as frivolous and malicious, noting that plaintiff had filed 124 actions in this district, many of which have been dismissed as frivolous or duplicative.
Plaintiff commenced this action on February 21, 2012, by filing a civil rights complaint. Subsequently, plaintiff filed an application to proceed in forma pauperis. As noted above, however, court records reflect that plaintiff filed this action after having brought three or more prior federal cases that were dismissed on the grounds specified in 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). Accordingly, plaintiff must submit the appropriate filing fee in order to proceed with this action.*fn1
Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that:
1. Plaintiff's motion to proceed in forma pauperis (Doc. No. 4) is denied; and
2. Plaintiff shall submit, within twenty-one days from the date of this order, the appropriate filing fee. Plaintiff's failure to comply with this order will result in a ...