The opinion of the court was delivered by: Honorable Ronald S.W. Lew Senior, U.S. District Court Judge
STATEMENT OF UNCONTROVERTED FACTS AND CONCLUSIONS OF LAW
After consideration of Plaintiff Ana M. Hanson's ("Plaintiff") Motion for Summary Judgment, or, in the Alternative, Summary Adjudication of the Issues , this Court makes the following findings of fact and conclusions of law:
1. Plaintiff Ana. M. Hanson is a trustee and enforcement administrator of Southern California Painting & Drywall Industries Health & Welfare Fund, IUPAT Industry Pension Trust Funds, Southern California Painting & Drywall Industries Apprenticeship Trust Funds, Southern California Painting & Drywall Industries Vacation Trust Fund, Southern California Painting & Drywall Industries Administrative Fund, and the Working Dues Fund (collectively the "Trust Funds") and is authorized by these trust funds to bring this Action as a plaintiff. Decl. of Ana M. Hanson ¶ 1.
2. The Trust Funds are, and were at all times material herein, jointly trusteed labor-management multi-employer trust funds established under Labor-Management Relations Act § 302(c)(5), to provide health, pension, and other benefits to employees in the painting and drywall industries. The Trust Funds were created by separate written agreements and declarations of trust executed and maintained pursuant to various collective bargaining agreements between the Painters and Allied District Counsel, 36 AFL-CIO ("Painters Council") and employers in the painting and drywall industry. Decl. of Ana M. Hanson ¶¶ 2-3.
3. Defendant Premier Drywall dba PreCon Industries, Inc. ("Defendant") is a licensed general contractor and is an "employer" engaged in "commerce" and in an "industry affecting commerce" within the meaning of the Labor-Management Relations Act. Decl. of Ana M. Hanson ¶ 5.
4. Throughout January, February, and March 2008, John Amburgey, on behalf of Defendant, signed six Participation Agreements ("Participation Agreements") with Painters Council for drywall installation and finishing work. Defendant was performing or was to perform work at Pierce College, Oxnard College, Hunter Liggett, California State University Northridge, Lancaster Veterans Facility, and Naval Air Station Lemoore Branch Medical Center. Decl. of Ana M. Hanson ¶ 5, Ex. 1.
5. In signing the Participation Agreements, Defendant became a signatory to the Southern California Drywall Finishers Joint Agreement referred to here as the "Drywall Master Labor Agreement" ("MLA"). Decl. of Ana M. Hanson ¶ 7, Ex. 1.
6. The Participation Agreements and the MLA required Defendant to make contributions to the Trust Funds. Decl of Ana M. Hanson ¶ 8, Ex. 1, 2.
7. Each Participation Agreement includes an Amendment signed by both Parties. The Amendment to the Participation Agreements provide that: "[Defendant] is not a party to collective bargaining agreement with any other union covering the work described in the Participation Agreement and described in this Amendment, and has decided to assign the work described in the Participation Agreement and described in this Amendment to the [Painters Council] and its affiliated and local unions. If, within the one years following execution of the Participation Agreement and this Amendment, [Defendant] enters into a collective bargaining agreement with any labor organization, Premier will automatically be bound for all purposes to the [MLA] between [Painters Council] and the drywall finishing contractors' associations named therein [MLA] for drywall finishing work performed by its employees." Decl. of Ana M. Hanson ¶ 8, Ex. 2.; Decl. of John Amburgey, ¶¶ 7, 11, 14, 16.
8. On September 18, 2008, Defendant signed a collective bargaining agreement with another union, the Southwest Regional Council of Carpenters. Decl. of Ana M. Hanson, Ex. 1.
9. On November 23, 2009, the Southern California Painting & Drywall Industries Trust Funds served Defendant with a "Charge of Violation" on behalf of the Trust Funds. Decl. of John H. Amburgey, Ex. A.; Decl. of Ana M. Hanson ¶ 14.
10. The Charge of Violation alleged that Defendant violated the MLA by failing to contribute to Trust Funds in its work on eighteen different projects. Decl. of John H. Amburgey, Ex. A.
11. Twelve of these projects were not Participation Agreement projects. Decl. of Ana M. Hanson ¶ 5, Ex. 1; ...