IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
April 12, 2012
NORMAN PECK, PLAINTIFF,
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Pending before the court are six motions filed by plaintiff in this action after entry of judgment.*fn1 This matter has previously been referred to the undersigned by the assigned District Judge pursuant to Local Rule 302(c)(21). (Doc. No. 104.)
On September 1, 2011, findings and recommendations were issued recommending, in relevant part, that defendant's motion to dismiss be granted and that this action be dismissed for lack of subject matter jurisdiction. (Doc. No. 79.) On November 7, 2011, the assigned District Judge adopted those findings and recommendations in full. (Doc. No. 88.) On November 28, 2011, plaintiff filed the six motions now pending before the court.
Five of plaintiff's six motions have been brought pursuant to Rule 52(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and seek "amended or additional findings." (Doc. Nos. 90-94.) "Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 52(b) permits a court to amend findings made after a bench trial." Crane-McNab v. County of Merced, 773 F .Supp.2d 861, 873 (E.D. Cal. 2011). A bench trial was not held in this matter and therefore plaintiff's motions are without merit and must be denied. See Hamid v. Price Waterhouse, 51 F.3d 1411, 1415 (9th Cir. 1995) (because the action was dismissed before trial, Rule 52(b) was inapplicable).
To the extent plaintiff's motions could be liberally construed as motions brought pursuant to Rule 59(e) or Rule 60(b), those motions should still be denied. Reconsideration under Rule 59(e) or Rule 60(b) is appropriate only if the district court is presented with newly discovered evidence, an intervening change in controlling law, or the necessity to correct clear error or prevent manifest injustice. Navajo Nation v. Confederated Tribes & Bands of the Yakama Indian Nation, 331 F.3d 1041, 1046 (9th Cir. 2003); School Dist. No. 13, Multnomah County, Or. v. ACandS, Inc., 5 F.3d 1255, 1263 (9th Cir. 1993). "Whether or not to grant reconsideration is committed to the sound discretion of the court." Navajo Nation, 331 F.3d at 1046. See also Yusov v. Yusuf, 892 F.2d 784, 787 (9th Cir. 1989); Thompson v. Housing Auth. of Los Angeles, 782 F.2d 829, 832 (9th Cir. 1986); Rodriguez v. Bowen, 678 F. Supp. 1456, 1457 (E.D. Cal. 1988). Reconsideration is not a vehicle by which an unsuccessful party is permitted to rehash arguments previously presented or to raise arguments or present evidence that could have been raised previously. Carroll v. Nakatani, 342 F.3d 934, 945 (9th Cir. 2003); Taylor v. Knapp, 871 F.2d 803, 805 (9th Cir. 1989); Gutierrez v. Givens, 989 F. Supp. 1033, 1047 (S.D. Cal. 1997); Costello v. United States, 765 F. Supp. 1003, 1009 (C.D. Cal. 1991).
Here, plaintiff's motions do not offer substantially different evidence and do not cite any new controlling legal authority. Rather, plaintiff's pending motions merely rehash arguments previously presented by plaintiff. Morever, the court's order granting defendant's motion to dismiss is not clearly erroneous because that order is supported by the record and the law. Finally, plaintiff's motions fail to demonstrate that the court's ruling resulted in manifest injustice. Thus, plaintiff has not established a basis for an order altering or amending the judgment pursuant to Rule 59(e) or an order vacating the judgment under any provision of Rule 60(b).
Plaintiff's final motion now pending before the court seeks a "copy of
docket entries." (Doc. No. 95.) In this regard, plaintiff complains
that the findings and recommendations, and the order adopting those
findings and recommendations, refer to "Doc. Nos." (Id.)*fn2
Plaintiff "seeks to know with certainty what documents are
being discussed" and requests that the court "order the Clerk to
provide Plaintiff with a certified copy" of the case docket.
Plaintiff may obtain a copy of the docket in this case by contacting the Office of the Clerk and paying the applicable copy fee. The court will not order the Clerk to provide plaintiff with a certified copy.
For the reasons set forth above, IT IS HEREBY RECOMMENDED that:
1. Plaintiff's November 28, 2011 motion for amended or additional findings (Doc. No. 90) be denied;
2. Plaintiff's November 28, 2011 motion for amended or additional findings (Doc. No. 91) be denied;
3. Plaintiff's November 28, 2011 motion for amended or additional findings (Doc. No. 92) be denied;
4. Plaintiff's November 28, 2011 motion for amended or additional findings (Doc. No. 93) be denied;
5. Plaintiff's November 28, 2011 motion for amended or additional findings (Doc. No. 94) be denied; and
6. Plaintiff's November 28, 2011 motion for copies (Doc. No. 95) be denied. These findings and recommendations will be submitted to the United States District Judge assigned to this case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within fourteen days after being served with these findings and recommendations, any party may serve and file written objections with the court. A document containing objections should be titled "Objections to Magistrate Judge's Findings and Recommendations." Any reply to objections shall be filed and served within seven days after the objections are served. The parties are advised that failure to file objections within the specified time may, under certain circumstances, waive the right to appeal the District Court's order. See Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991).