IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
April 18, 2012
JOSEPH A. SHERMAN, PLAINTIFF,
CITY OF DAVIS, DEFENDANT.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Gregory G. Hollows United States Magistrate Judge
FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Plaintiff is proceeding in this action pro se and in forma pauperis. This proceeding was referred to this court by Local Rule 302(21), pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). Before the court is plaintiff's motion for injunctive relief, filed March 26, 2012. For the reasons stated herein, the motion should be denied.*fn1
I. Legal Standards for Temporary Restraining Order / Preliminary Injunction
The standards governing the issuance of temporary restraining orders are "substantially identical" to those governing the issuance of preliminary injunctions. Stuhlbarg Intern. Sales Co., Inc. v. John D. Brushy and Co., Inc., 240 F.3d 832, 839 n. 7 (9th Cir.2001). Therefore, "[a] plaintiff seeking a [TRO] must establish that he is likely to succeed on the merits, that he is likely to suffer irreparable harm in the absence of preliminary relief, that the balance of equities tips in his favor, and that an injunction is in the public interest." Am. Trucking Ass'n, Inc. v. City of Los Angeles, 559 F.3d 1046, 1052 (9th Cir. 2009) (quoting Winter v. Natural Res. Def. Council, Inc., 555 U.S. 7, 20, 129 S. Ct. 365, 374 (2008)). "A preliminary injunction is appropriate when a plaintiff demonstrates . . . that serious questions going to the merits were raised and the balance of hardships tips sharply in the plaintiff's favor." Alliance for the Wild Rockies v. Cottrell, 632 F.3d 1127. 1134-35 (9th Cir. 2011) (quoting Lands Council v. McNair, 537 F.3d 981, 97 (9th Cir. 2008) (en banc), and finding that the "serious questions" test remain valid after Winter). A TRO is "an extraordinary remedy that may only be awarded upon a clear showing that the plaintiff is entitled to such relief." Winter, 129 S. Ct. at 376.
The motion for injunctive relief refers to documents previously filed with the court in case number Civ.S.04-2320, a case which was closed in 2008, and which appeal was denied in 2010 by the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals. These documents are dated variously from 2006 through 2008. Plaintiff also refers to actions which he claims support his "affidavit" of irreparable injury, all of which allegedly occurred in 2008 or earlier. Although plaintiff contends that defendant's policies have resulted in "violative acts against plaintiff," which have continued to the present, plaintiff has not provided any facts showing that he has recently been subjected such acts, or that he will suffer irreparable harm in the absence of injunctive relief. Nor has he shown that there are serious questions in this case or that the balance of hardships tips in his favor. This court's recent findings and recommendations, issued March 6, 2012, has for the most part addressed the merits and discredits these factors.
Accordingly, IT IS RECOMMENDED that: plaintiff's motion for injunctive relief, filed March 26, 2012, (dkt. no. 23), be denied.
These findings and recommendations are submitted to the United States District Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of Title 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within fourteen (14) days after being served with these findings and recommendations, any party may file written objections with the court and serve a copy on all parties. Such a document should be captioned "Objections to Magistrate Judge's Findings and Recommendations." Any reply to the objections shall be served and filed within seven (7) days after service of the objections. The parties are advised that failure to file objections within the specified time may waive the right to appeal the District Court's order. Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991).