IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
April 27, 2012
MATTHEW LUCAS FRAZIER, PLAINTIFF,
REDDING POLICE DEPT., ET AL., DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Gregory G. Hollows United States Magistrate Judge
Plaintiff is a state prisoner proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis with a civil rights action. On April 23, 2012, plaintiff filed another motion for the appointment of counsel (docket # 48) and also filed a motion for his deposition to be postponed.*fn1 Docket # 51. Defendants oppose delaying the deposition, now scheduled for May 3, 2012. Docket # 52. Plaintiff's objection to being deposed at this time is predicated on his concern that he might be asked questions which could have criminal implications for him. Docket # 51. Plaintiff states that he did not testify in his criminal case and that the criminal matter is related to the incident at issue in this civil rights action (claims by plaintiff of the use of excessive force against him by defendants). Id. Plaintiff, who since the initial filing of his complaint, has evidently sustained a criminal conviction and is now serving a sentence at Pleasant Valley State Prison, states that his conviction is on appeal. Id. He asks that his deposition be continued until the court reconsiders his request for appointment of counsel, at a minimum to represent him at his deposition. However, plaintiff's previous requests were denied by orders filed on December 2, 2011, and on April 23, 2012. The requests were denied because the court did not find the requisite exceptional circumstances, Terrell v. Brewer, 935 F.2d 1015, 1017 (9th Cir. 1991); Wood v. Housewright, 900 F.2d 1332, 1335-36 (9th Cir. 1990), and because plaintiff has exhibited sufficient knowledge about his case and the issues of the case are relatively straightforward. Those circumstances have not altered and, therefore, plaintiff's most recent request for appointment of counsel will also be denied.
As to plaintiff's request that his deposition be delayed, the Ninth Circuit has noted that the Fifth Amendment privilege against self-incrimination has long been recognized by the United States Supreme Court as applying "alike to civil and criminal proceedings, wherever the answer might tend to subject to criminal responsibility him who gives it." Campbell v. Gerrans, 592 F.2d 1054, 1057, citing McCarthy v. Arndstein, 266 U.S. 34, 40, 45 S.Ct. 16, 17  (1924); see also, Doe ex rel. Rudy-Glanzer v. Glanzer, 232 F.3d 1258, 1263 (9th Cir. 2000), citing Lefkowitz v. Turley, 414 U.S. 70, 77, 94 S.Ct. 316, 38 L.Ed.2d 274 (1973)(Fifth Amendment not only protects witness from compelled self-incrimination in a criminal prosecution "but also privileges him not to answer official questions put to him in any other proceeding, civil or criminal, formal or informal, where the answers might incriminate him in future criminal proceedings."). However, "the Fifth Amendment does not forbid adverse inferences against parties to civil actions when they refuse to testify in response to probative evidence offered against them.... ." Baxter v. Palmigiano, 425 U.S. 308, 96 S. Ct. 1551, 1558 (1976).
Assuming that this civil action and his criminal matter on appeal are related, if plaintiff's criminal trial were pending at this time, the court would grant plaintiff's motion for a stay of the discovery proceedings. However, as plaintiff has already been convicted in the criminal matter and is serving a sentence at this point, the court finds there to be an insufficient basis for a stay of plaintiff's civil litigation. Plaintiff must proceed to his deposition, which was evidently properly noticed (docket # 52), or risk dismissal of this action.
Accordingly, IT IS ORDERED that:
1. Plaintiff's April 23, 2012 (docket # 48), motion for appointment of counsel is denied; and
2. Plaintiff's motion for a stay of discovery, i.e., that his deposition be postponed or continued, filed on April 23, 2012 (docket # 51), is denied and plaintiff must appear for his deposition on May 3, 2012; failure to do so may result in dismissal of this action.
Gregory G. Hollows