The opinion of the court was delivered by: Hon. Marc L. Goldman
STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER
Hon. Josephine Staton Tucker
STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER
Plaintiffs OSSUR HF and OSSUR AMERICAS, INC. (collectively, "Ossur") and Defendant IWALK, INC. ("iWalk"), agree that disclosure and discovery activity in the above-captioned action are likely to involve production of confidential, proprietary, and/or private information for which special protection from public disclosure and from use for any purpose other than prosecuting this litigation would be warranted. Such information likely will include, among other things, sensitive product information, product design and development materials, engineering materials, strategic decision-making information, marketing and sales information, purchase orders, invoices, and customer information relating to bionic prosthetic products (collectively, the "Sensitive Information").
Ossur and iWalk (collectively, the "Parties," or singularly, a "Party") respectfully believe that good cause exists to enter the instant Protective Order in order to protect the Sensitive Information from public disclosure. The Sensitive Information includes information and data that could be used by actual or potential competitors to gain an improper and unlawful competitive advantage in the marketplace.
For example, the Parties agree that disclosure and discovery activity in the above-captioned action will include technology embodied in iWalk's PowerFoot BiOM product, which iWalk contends includes Sensitive Information such as proprietary technical information, product design and development materials, source code, and engineering materials. Ossur contends that disclosure and discovery activity in the above-captioned action will include information relating to Ossur's PROPRIO FOOT® product, which Ossur contends is a commercial embodiment of one or more claims of the asserted patents and which Ossur contends includes Sensitive Information such as proprietary product design and development materials. In addition, the Parties agree that disclosure and discovery activity in the above-captioned action will include proprietary financial information, including Sensitive Information such as sales information and market share data, relating to iWalk's PowerFoot BiOM and Ossur's PROPRIO FOOT®.
The Parties are competitors in the design, manufacture, and sale of bionic prosthetic products for the lower leg. Due to the competitive relationship between the Parties, it is highly likely that disclosure of the Sensitive Information of one Party, especially that Party's product design, development, financial, sales, and customer information regarding bionic prosthetic products, will provide an improper or unlawful competitive advantage to the other Party. This Protective Order is necessary to prevent such harm to each of the Parties. The Parties have attempted to draft this Protective Order narrowly and in a manner no more restrictive than necessary to protect the Sensitive Information from public disclosure.
IT IS HEREBY STIPULATED and agreed by and between counsel for the Parties that the terms and conditions of this Stipulated Protective Order shall be entered as follows:
1. The term "Confidential Information" shall mean and include information contained or disclosed in any materials, including documents, portions of documents, answers to interrogatories, responses to requests for admissions, trial testimony, hearing testimony, deposition testimony, and transcripts of trial testimony, hearings, and depositions, including data, summaries, and compilations derived therefrom that is deemed to be "CONFIDENTIAL" or "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY" in accordance with Paragraph 8, by any Party or witness to which it belongs. Confidential Information shall not include any information, document, or thing which: (a) at the time of disclosure hereunder is available to the public;
(b) after disclosure hereunder becomes available to the public through no act, or failure to act, by the receiving Party; or (c) the receiving Party can show the information, document, or thing (i) was already known to the receiving Party;
(ii) was independently developed by the receiving Party; or (iii) was received by the receiving Party, after the time of disclosure hereunder, from a non-party having the right to make such disclosure.
2. The terms "material" and "materials" shall include, but shall not be limited to: documents; correspondence; memoranda; e-mail messages; bulletins; specifications; customer lists or other materials that identify customers or potential customers; price lists or schedules or other matter identifying pricing; minutes; telegrams; letters; statements; cancelled checks; contracts; invoices; drafts; books of account; worksheets; notes of conversations; desk diaries; appointment books; expense accounts; recordings; photographs; motion pictures; source code; compilations from which information can be obtained and translated into reasonably usable form through detection devices; sketches; drawings; notes; reports; instructions; disclosures; other writings; models, prototypes, and other physical objects.
3. The terms "discovery material" and "discovery materials" shall include all deposition testimony, all transcripts and other written or oral recordings of deposition or pre-trial testimony, all answers, documents, and other discovery materials produced in response to notices of depositions, interrogatories, requests for admissions, requests for production of documents and things, or subpoenas in this action, as well as all information thereby disclosed or communicated, all copies and summaries thereof, and all references thereto.
4. The term "counsel" shall include outside counsel of record, and other attorneys, paralegals, assistants, summer associates, and other support staff employed in the law firms of KNOBBE, MARTENS, OLSON & BEAR, LLP and COOLEY LLP who do not prosecute patents for any Party (see Paragraphs 35 and 36 below).
5. This Protective Order shall govern all disclosures of discovery materials made pursuant to Rule 26(a) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
6. All materials and discovery materials containing Confidential Information shall be used solely in connection with this litigation and not for any other purpose. All materials and discovery materials whose disclosure is restricted by this Protective Order shall not be disclosed to anyone except as provided herein.
7. This Order shall not bar counsel (as defined in Paragraph 4) in the course of rendering advice to his or her client from referring to or relying in a general way upon his or her examination of Confidential Information produced or exchanged herein; provided, however, that in rendering such advice and otherwise communicating with his or her client, the attorney shall not disclose the specific contents or substance of any Confidential Information produced by another Party.
8. Each Party or witness to this litigation that produces or discloses any materials, discovery materials, or information that the producing Party or witness reasonably believes in good faith should be subject to this Protective Order may designate the same as "CONFIDENTIAL" or "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY" as follows:
(a) Designation as "CONFIDENTIAL": A party or non-party may designate as "CONFIDENTIAL," in whole or in part, any document, thing, or information which contains trade secrets or other confidential research, development, or commercial information that the disclosing party reasonably believes in good faith would have a high likelihood of causing competitive harm to the disclosing party if it were publicly disclosed, and which is to be disclosed or produced to a party in this action.
(b) Designation as "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY": A party or non-party may designate as "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY," in whole or in part, any material which contains highly confidential information that the producing party or non-party reasonably believes in good faith to be so commercially sensitive or confidential that disclosure to persons other than those authorized under Paragraph 13 would have a high likelihood of causing serious competitive harm to the disclosing party if it were publicly disclosed, and which is to be disclosed or produced to a party in this action. Examples of such "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY" material may include the following, in accordance with the conditions of Paragraphs 1 and 8(b): trade secrets; research and development information; engineering drawings, software code, source code, or test data; existing and potential customer information; sales, revenue, margins, profit, or cost of production information; performance data and projections; business strategies, decisions, or negotiations; and employee personnel files.
(c) Documents containing Confidential Information shall be so designated by stamping or marking copies of the document produced to a Party with the legend "CONFIDENTIAL" or "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY" (whichever notation is appropriate pursuant to the other provisions herein) on each page of the document, preferably in the lower right-hand corner of the document, or as close thereto as feasible. In the event that only selected pages of a bound multiple-page document are stamped or marked with the "CONFIDENTIAL" or "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY" legend (e.g., responses to discovery requests), the first page of the bound document shall also be stamped with the "CONFIDENTIAL" or "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY" legend to prevent inadvertent disclosure of the contents of the document which contain Confidential Information. When an electronic file is produced in its native format, the disclosing Party shall include the "CONFIDENTIAL" or "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY" legend in the title of the electronic file, on the cover of any disc containing the electronic file, and in a cover letter or e-mail accompanying production of the electronic file to prevent inadvertent disclosure of the contents of the electronic file which contain Confidential Information.
9. No Party shall be responsible to another Party for disclosure of Confidential Information under this Order if the information in question is not labeled or otherwise identified as such in accordance with this Order.
10. Care shall be taken by the producing Party or witness to use the designation "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY" only where the producing Party or witness and its counsel have a reasonable and good faith belief that such protection is needed.
Persons Who May View Designated Materials
12. Information designated "CONFIDENTIAL" shall be viewed only by the following persons:
(a) the Court, court personnel, court reporters, and other persons connected with the Court;
(b) counsel (as defined in Paragraph 4) of the receiving Party;
(c) independent experts or consultants under the conditions set ...