This case, in which plaintiff is proceeding pro se, is now before the undersigned pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1) and Eastern District of California Local Rule 302(c)(21). See Dckt. No. 59. On March 5 and April 17, 2012, the assigned district judge granted various defendants' motions to dismiss and dismissed all of plaintiff's claims against those defendants (namely, American Home Mortgage Servicing, Inc.; Power Default Services, Inc.; Deutsche Bank National Trust Company*fn1 ; LSI Title Company; T.D. Service Company; Sand Canyon Corporation, formerly known as Option One Mortgage Corporation; and Mortgage Electronic Registration Systems, Inc.). Dckt. Nos. 49, 59. As to those defendants, the court dismissed plaintiff's TILA and HOEPA rescission claims with prejudice, and dismissed all of plaintiff's other claims against those defendants without prejudice. Id. Because the orders dismissing plaintiff's claims against those defendants did not provide a deadline for plaintiff to amend his complaint, such a deadline will be provided herein.*fn2
The only remaining defendants are Old Republic Title Company and American Brokers Conduit, a wholly owned subsidiary of American Home Mortgage Corporation. On July 12, 2011, defendant Old Republic Title Company filed a declaration of non-monetary status, indicating that it "was named as a nominal defendant in its capacity as trustee under one or more deeds of trust . . . and was not named as a defendant due to any acts or omissions on its part in the performance of its duties as trustee," and agreeing to be bound by any order or judgment of the court regarding the subject deeds of trust. Dckt. No. 44 at 2. Under California law, when a trustee has been named in an action solely in its capacity as trustee, it may file such a declaration pursuant to California Civil Code section 2924l. If no party opposes the declaration within fifteen days, the trustee is not required to participate in the action, and is not liable for damages or costs awarded in the action. See Cal. Civ. Code 2924l; Couture v. Wells Fargo Bank, N.A., 2011 WL 3489955, at *3 n.2 (S.D. Cal. Aug. 9, 2011). However, if a party timely objects to the declaration of non-monetary status, "the trustee shall thereafter be required to participate in the action or proceeding." Cal. Civ. Code 2924l(e). Here, plaintiff timely filed objections to the declaration of non-monetary status on July 27, 2011. Dckt. No. 45. Accordingly, Old Republic Title Company was required to participate in this action. Although Old Republic Title did not do so, and did not file either an answer or a motion to dismiss plaintiff's complaint, plaintiff did not seek the entry of default of Old Republic Title Company or otherwise attempt to prosecute this action against it, even though more than nine months have passed since the declaration of non-monetary status was filed. Therefore, plaintiff's claims against Old Republic Title Company will be dismissed without prejudice for failure to prosecute pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(b).*fn3
With regard to defendant American Brokers Conduit, it does not appear from the court file that plaintiff timely effected service of process on American Brokers Conduit since plaintiff did not file an executed summons as to American Brokers Conduit nor has plaintiff otherwise indicated that American Brokers Conduit has been served. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 4(l)(1) (requiring proof of service to be made to the court). Plaintiff failed to do so, even after the court noted in the March 5 order that no proof of service had been filed as to American Brokers Conduit and that American Brokers Conduit had not appeared in the action. See Dckt. No. 49 at 2, n.1.
Accordingly, defendant American Brokers Conduit will be dismissed without prejudice for failure to effect service of process within the time prescribed by Rule 4(m) and for failure to provide proof of service to the court pursuant to Rule 4(l).*fn4 Fed. R. Civ. P. 4(m).
Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that:
1. Defendant Old Republic Title Company is dismissed without prejudice for failure to prosecute pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(b).
2. Defendant American Brokers Conduit is dismissed without prejudice for failure to effect service of process within the time prescribed by Rule 4(m).
3. On or before June 11, 2012, plaintiff may file an amended complaint, as provided herein and as provided in the March 5 and April 17 orders.
4. Defendants shall file a response to any amended complaint within fourteen days from the date the amended complaint is filed.
5. Failure of plaintiff to comply with this order may result in a recommendation that this action be dismissed for failure to follow court orders and/or ...