IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
May 15, 2012
JAMES O. MOLEN, ET AL.,
MONETARY FUND, ET AL., DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Craig M. Kellison United States Magistrate Judge
ORDER AGENTS FOR INTERNATIONAL
Plaintiffs, proceeding in propria persona, bring this civil action under 28 U.S.C. § 1331. Pending before the court is plaintiffs' motion to proceed in forma pauperis (Doc. 2) and complaint (Doc. 1).
Plaintiffs have submitted the affidavit required by 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a) showing that plaintiffs are unable to prepay fees and costs or give security therefor. Their motion to proceed in forma pauperis will therefore be granted.
The court is required to screen complaints brought by prisoners seeking relief against a governmental entity or officer or employee of a governmental entity. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(a). The court is also required to screen complaints brought by litigants who have been granted leave to proceed in forma pauperis. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2). Under these screening provisions, the court must dismiss a complaint or portion thereof if it: (1) is frivolous or malicious; (2) fails to state a claim upon which relief can be granted; or (3) seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. See 28 U.S.C. §§ 1915(e)(2)(A), (B) and 1915A(b)(1), (2). Moreover, pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(h), this court must dismiss an action "[w]henever it appears . . . that the court lacks jurisdiction of the subject matter . . . ." Because plaintiffs, who are not prisoners, have been granted leave to proceed in forma pauperis, the court will screen the complaint pursuant to § 1915(e)(2).
Plaintiffs bring this action against several defendants identified as Agents for International Monetary Fund and the Internal Revenue Service, among others. Plaintiffs indicate this is an action in admiralty, but instead appears to be challenging a tax lien. There is nothing in the complaint addressing any issue with navigable waters or marine vessels. To the extent plaintiffs are attempting to challenge some type of tax lien, it appears that issue is currently the subject of another active case within this court, case number 10cv2591-MCE-KJN.*fn1
The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure require that complaints contain a "short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief." Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a). This means that claims must be stated simply, concisely, and directly. See McHenry v. Renne, 84 F.3d 1172, 1177 (9th Cir. 1996) (referring to Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(e)(1)). These rules are satisfied if the complaint gives the defendant fair notice of the plaintiff's claim and the grounds upon which it rests. See Kimes v. Stone, 84 F.3d 1121, 1129 (9th Cir. 1996). "Although a pro se litigant . . . may be entitled to great leeway when the court construes his pleadings, those pleadings nonetheless must meet some minimum threshold in providing a defendant with notice of what it is that it allegedly did wrong." Brazil v. U.S. Dep't of Navy, 66 F.3d 193, 199 (9th Cir. 1995). Here, Plaintiffs' complaint does not include a short and plain statement of the claim but is almost unintelligible. The complaint fails to meet the pleading requirements of Rule 8.
In order to survive dismissal for failure to state a claim a complaint must contain more than "a formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action;" it must contain factual allegations sufficient "to raise a right to relief above the speculative level." " Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 127 S. Ct. 1955, 1964 (2007). While "[s]pecific facts are not necessary; the statement [of facts] need . . . . give the defendant fair notice of what the . . . claim is and the grounds upon which it rests." Erickson v. Pardus, 551 U.S. 89, 127 S. Ct. 2197, 2200 (2007) (internal quotes omitted). In reviewing a complaint under this standard, the court must accept as true the allegations of the complaint in question, see id., and construe the pleading in the light most favorable to the plaintiff. Scheuer v. Rhodes, 416 U.S. 232, 236 (1974).
Here, plaintiffs' statements are too vague and conclusory for the court to determine whether this action is frivolous or fails to state a claim for relief. Either way, the court has determined that the complaint does not contain a short and plain statement as required by Federal Rule of Civil Procedures 8(a)(2). Although the Federal Rules adopt a flexible pleading policy, a complaint must give fair notice and state the elements of the claim plainly and succinctly. See Jones v. Comty. Redev. Agency, 733 F.2d 646, 649 (9th Cir. 1984). Plaintiff must allege with at least some degree of particularity overt acts which defendants engaged in that support his claim. See id. Because plaintiffs have failed to comply with the requirements of Rule 8(a)(2), the complaint must be dismissed. The court will, however, grant leave to file an amended complaint.
Because it is possible that the deficiencies identified in this order may be cured by amending the complaint, plaintiffs are entitled to leave to amend prior to dismissal of the entire action. See Lopez v. Smith, 203 F.3d 1122, 1126, 1131 (9th Cir. 2000) (en banc). Plaintiff is informed that, as a general rule, an amended complaint supersedes the original complaint. See Ferdik v. Bonzelet, 963 F.2d 1258, 1262 (9th Cir. 1992). Thus, following dismissal with leave to amend, all claims alleged in the original complaint which are not alleged in the amended complaint are waived. See King v. Atiyeh, 814 F.2d 565, 567 (9th Cir. 1987). Therefore, if plaintiffs amend the complaint, the court cannot refer to the prior pleading in order to make plaintiff's amended complaint complete. See Local Rule 15-220. An amended complaint must be complete in itself without reference to any prior pleading. See id.
If plaintiffs chooses to amend the complaint, plaintiffs must demonstrate how the conditions complained of have resulted in a deprivation of plaintiffs' constitutional rights. See Ellis v. Cassidy, 625 F.2d 227 (9th Cir. 1980). The complaint must allege in specific terms how each named defendant is involved, and must set forth some affirmative link or connection between each defendant's actions and the claimed deprivation. See May v. Enomoto, 633 F.2d 164, 167 (9th Cir. 1980); Johnson v. Duffy, 588 F.2d 740, 743 (9th Cir. 1978).
Finally, plaintiffs are warned that failure to file an amended complaint within the time provided in this order may be grounds for dismissal of this action. See Ferdik, 963 F.2d at 1260-61; see also Local Rule 110. Plaintiffs are also warned that a complaint which fails to comply with Rule 8 may, in the court's discretion, be dismissed with prejudice pursuant to Rule 41(b). See Nevijel v. North Coast Life Ins. Co., 651 F.2d 671, 673 (9th Cir. 1981).
Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that:
1. Plaintiff's motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis (Doc. 2) is granted;
2. Plaintiff's complaint is dismissed with leave to amend; and
3. Plaintiff shall file an amended complaint within 30 days of the date of service of this order.