UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
May 16, 2012
KRAFT AMERICAS, LP
OLDCASTLE PRECAST, INC.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: The Honorable John A. Kronstadt, United States District Judge
CIVIL MINUTES -- GENERAL
Present: The Honorable JOHN A. KRONSTADT, UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Andrea Keifer Not Reported
Deputy Clerk Court Reporter / Recorder
Attorneys Present for Plaintiffs: Attorneys Present for Defendants:
Not Present Not Present
Proceedings: (IN CHAMBERS) ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE RE SUBJECT MATTER
In this action, Plaintiff Kraft Americas L.P. brings two state law causes of action against Defendant Oldcastle Precast, Inc., arising out of an alleged breach of contract. Complaint ("Compl."), Dkt. 1.
As a court of limited jurisdiction, see Kokkonen v. Guardian Life Ins. Co. of Am., 511 U.S. 375, 377 (1994), this Court must determine the issue of subject matter jurisdiction before reaching the merits of a see Steel Co. v. Citizens for a Better Env't., 523 U.S. 83, 94 (1998). Plaintiff seeks to invoke the subject matter jurisdiction of this Court pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a) (diversity jurisdiction). Compl. ¶ 2. Diversity jurisdiction exists only where a civil action is between citizens of different states, and the amount in controversy exceeds $75,000. 28 U.S.C. § 1332. Complete diversity of citizenship is required: "the citizenship of each plaintiff [must be] different from that of each defendant." Hunter v. Philip Morris USA, 582 F.3d 1039, 1043 (9th Cir. 2009). A limited partnership "is a citizen of all of the states of which its partners are citizens." Johnson v. Columbia Props. Anchorage, LP, 437 F.3d 894, 899 (9th Cir. 2006). A corporation is a citizen of its state of incorporation and the state of its principal place of business. 28 U.S.C. § 1332(c); Breitman v. May Co. Cal., 37 F.3d 562, 564 (9th Cir. 1994).
Plaintiff has satisfied the amount-in-controversy requirement because it requests damages in excess of $75,000. Compl. ¶ 2. Plaintiff has properly pleaded Defendant's citizenship, by alleging that Defendant is a Washington corporation with its principal place of business in Washington state. Id. at ¶ 5. However, Plaintiff has not adequately pleaded its own citizenship. Plaintiff pleads that it is a "Delaware limited partnership." Id. at ¶ 4. However, this is insufficient to establish Plaintiff's citizenship because Plaintiff does not plead the citizenship of its partners.
The party seeking to establish the Court's jurisdiction bears the burden of establishing it. Kokkonen, 511 U.S. at 377. Here, Plaintiff has not properly pleaded its citizenship, and, therefore, has not established diversity jurisdiction. Accordingly, the Court issues this Order to Show Cause Re Subject Matter Jurisdiction. On or before May 30, 2012, the parties are to submit any memoranda, each of which is not to exceed five pages, with respect to whether this Court has subject matter jurisdiction over this action.
Upon receiving these memoranda, the Court will determine whether a hearing on any issue raised is required or if the matter can be addressed by the Court without a hearing.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Initials of Preparer ak
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