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Lifalfa Green v. State A Claim Cdcr

May 16, 2012

LIFALFA GREEN,
PLAINTIFF,
v.
STATE A CLAIM CDCR, ET AL.,
DEFENDANTS.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: Barbara A. McAuliffe United States Magistrate Judge

ORDER DISMISSING COMPLAINT, WITH LEAVE TO AMEND, FOR FAILURE TO (ECF No. 1) THIRTY DAY DEADLINE

I. Screening Requirement

Plaintiff Lifalfo Green is a state prisoner proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis in this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Currently before the Court is the complaint, filed June 27, 2011. (ECF No. 1.)

The Court is required to screen complaints brought by prisoners seeking relief against a governmental entity or officer or employee of a governmental entity. 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(a). The Court must dismiss a complaint or portion thereof if the prisoner has raised claims that are legally "frivolous or malicious," that "fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted," or that "seeks monetary relief against a defendant who is immune from such relief." 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B).

A complaint must contain "a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief. . . ." Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a)(2). Detailed factual allegations are not required, but "[t]hreadbare recitals of the elements of a cause of action, supported by mere conclusory statements, do not suffice." Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678, 129 S. Ct. 1937, 1949 (2009) (citing Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555, 127 S. Ct. 1955, 1964-65 (2007)).

Prisoners proceeding pro se in civil rights actions are still entitled to have their pleadings liberally construed and to have any doubt resolved in their favor, but the pleading standard is now higher, Hebbe v. Pliler, 627 F.3d 338, 342 (9th Cir. 2010) (citations omitted), and to survive screening, Plaintiff's claims must be facially plausible, which requires sufficient factual detail to allow the Court to reasonably infer that each named defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged, Iqbal, 556 U.S. at , 129 S. Ct. at 1949-50; Moss v. U.S. Secret Service, 572 F.3d 962, 969 (9th Cir. 2009). The "sheer possibility that a defendant acted unlawfully" is not sufficient, and "facts that are 'merely consistent with' a defendant's liability" falls short of satisfying the plausibility standard. Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678, 129 S.Ct. at 1949; Moss, 572 F.3d at 969.

Further, under section 1983, Plaintiff must demonstrate that each defendant personally participated in the deprivation of his rights. Jones v. Williams, 297 F.3d 930, 934 (9th Cir. 2002). Although a court must accept as true all factual allegations contained in a complaint, a court need not accept a plaintiff's legal conclusions as true. Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678, 129 S. Ct. at 1949. "Threadbare recitals of the elements of a cause of action, supported by mere conclusory statements, do not suffice." Id. (quoting Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555, 127 S.Ct. 1955).

II. Complaint Allegations

Plaintiff is in the custody of the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation ("CDCR") and is incarcerated at Avenal State Prison. Plaintiff brings this action against Defendants CDCR, James D. Hartley, Swickard, and Richerson alleging he was sexually assaulted during an illegal strip search and resulting reports contained fraudulent statements that violated his rights under the Fifth, Sixth, Eighth, and Fourteenth Amendments. Plaintiff is seeking monetary damages and for criminal charges to be brought against Defendant Swickard.

Plaintiff claims that on September 27, 2010, Defendant Swickard told the inmates in his dorm to strip down for a search. The four inmates stripped naked and lined up. Defendant Swickard then searched the clothing on the floor and when he searched the items to the side of Plaintiff, a phone and charger fell to the floor. Defendant Swickard then whispered to Plaintiff, "you'll never learn." Defendant Swickard asked Plaintiff who had the rest of the contraband in the building and offered to forget about the cell phone if Plaintiff told him "something." (Compl. 4, ECF No. 1.)

After Plaintiff was "subjected to additional poking and proding [sic]" by Defendant Swickard, Defendant Swickard told the inmates they could get dressed. As the inmates were putting on their clothing, Defendant Richerson came up the stairs and told Defendant Swickard that he was in the wrong dorm. Plaintiff later received a witness list that he submitted with only names on it and a correctional officer had written in forged statements on the list. (Id.)

For the reasons set forth below, Plaintiff has failed to state a cognizable claim for relief. Plaintiff shall be given the opportunity to file an amended complaint curing the deficiencies described by the Court in this order. In the paragraphs that follow, the Court will provide Plaintiff with the legal standards that appear to apply to his claims. Plaintiff should carefully review the standards and amend only those claims that he believes, in good faith, are cognizable.

III. Discussion

A. Fifth ...


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