The opinion of the court was delivered by: Dean D. Pregerson United States District Judge
ORDER GRANTING DEFENDANTS' MOTION TO DISMISS FOR LACK OF SUBJECT MATTER JURISDICTION [Dkt. No. 24]
Presently before the court is a Motion to Dismiss Plaintiff's Complaint brought by Defendants Yang Ming Marine Transport Corporation and Yang Ming America Corporation (collectively, "Yang Ming"). Because the court determines that subject matter jurisdiction is lacking, the court grants the motion and adopts the following order.
Yanhg Ming, a shipping company, contracts with trucking companies such
as Plaintiff for the overland transport of cargo containers. When
truckers do not return containers on time, Yang
Ming charges late fees.*fn1 The parties enter into a
standard contract, the Uniform Intermodal Interchange and Facilities
Access Agreement ("the Agreement"). The Agreement contains an
arbitration provision that applies to billing disputes.*fn2
Plaintiff filed suit in this court, alleging that Yang Ming
improperly charged plaintiff late return fees on weekends and
holidays. Yang Ming now moves to dismiss the complaint for lack of
subject matter jurisdiction.*fn3
Plaintiff filed suit in this court on the basis of diversity jurisdiction. (Complaint ¶ 14.) This court has jurisdiction over civil actions between diverse parties where the amount in controversy exceeds $75,000. 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a). A party may raise a jurisdictional challenge under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(1) either on the face of the pleadings or with reference to extrinsic evidence. Warren v. Fox Family Worldwide, Inc., 38 F.3d 1136, 1139 (9th Cir. 2003). Where subject matter jurisdiction is challenged, the party asserting jurisdiction bears the burden of proving its existence. Robinson v. United States, 58 F.3d 683.
Here, Yang Ming has presented evidence that the total amount of late fees billed to Plaintiff was $16,525, and that the amount actually collected was only $12,737.. (Declaration of Thomas Liou in Support of Defendant's Motion to Dismiss ¶ 10.) This amount is insufficient to confer jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a).
Though not pled in the complaint, Plaintiff's opposition to the instant motion suggests that this court has jurisdiction under the Class Action Fairness Act ("CAFA"), 28 U.S.C. § 1332(d). Under CAFA, this court has original jurisdiction over class actions in which the parties are minimally diverse and in which the amount in controversy exceeds $5 million. 28 U.S.C. § 1332(d). The complaint, however, makes no mention of CAFA and makes no suggestion that the amount in controversy exceeds the jurisdictional minimum. Nor has Plaintiff provided any extrinsic evidence that the $5 million minimum is met. To the contrary, Yang Ming has submitted evidence that it charged all motor carriers, including Plaintiff, a total of $4,290,320.05 in late fees incurred on all days of the week. (Liou Dec. ¶¶ 11-12.)
Apparently recognizing that it has not met its burden of proving subject matter jurisdiction, Plaintiff has requested jurisdictional discovery. (Opp. at 19-20.) Plaintiff argues that such discovery is necessary because the parameters of Yang Ming's electronic database are unknown. (Opp. at 20.) It does not appear to the court, however, that there is any reasonable probability that Plaintiff would be able to establish CAFA jurisdiction if discovery were allowed. See Laub v. Dep't of Interior, 342 F.3d 1080, 1093 (9th Cir. 2003). Accordingly, Plaintiff's request is denied.
For the reasons stated above, Defendant's Motion to Dismiss is GRANTED.