UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
May 23, 2012
UNIMAX EXPRESS, INC., PLAINTIFF,
EVERGREEN SHIPPING AGENCY, DEFENDANT.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Dean D. Pregerson United States District Judge
ORDER GRANTING DEFENDANT'S MOTION TO DISMISS FOR LACK OF SUBJECT MATTER JURISDICTION [Docket No. 20]
Presently before the court is Defendant Evergreen Shipping Agency ("Evergreen")'s Motion to Dismiss Plaintiff's complaint. Because the court determines that subject matter jurisdiction is lacking, the court grants the motion and adopts the following order.
Evergreen, a shipping company, contracts with trucking companies such as Plaintiff for the overland transport of cargo containers. When truckers do not return containers on time, Evergreen charges late fees.*fn1 The parties enter into a standard contract, the Uniform Intermodal Interchange and Facilities Access Agreement ("the Agreement"). The Agreement contains an arbitration provision that applies to billing disputes.*fn2 Plaintiff filed suit in this court, alleging that Evergreen improperly charged plaintiff late return fees on weekends and holidays. Evergreen now moves to dismiss the complaint for lack of subject matter jurisdiction.*fn3
Plaintiff filed suit in this court on the basis of diversity jurisdiction. (Complaint ¶ 13.) This court has jurisdiction over civil actions between diverse parties where the amount in controversy exceeds $75,000. 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a). A party may raise a jurisdictional challenge under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(1) either on the face of the pleadings or with reference to extrinsic evidence. Warren v. Fox Family Worldwide, Inc., 38 F.3d 1136, 1139 (9th Cir. 2003). Where subject matter jurisdiction is challenged, the party asserting jurisdiction bears the burden of proving its existence. Robinson v. United States, 58 F.3d 683.
Here, Evergreen has presented evidence that the total amount
of late fees billed to Plaintiff was $18,186. (Declaration of Dominic C. Obrigkeit in Support of Defendant's Motion to Dismiss 11.) This amount is insufficient to confer jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a).
Though not pled in the complaint, Plaintiff's opposition to the instant motion suggests that this court has jurisdiction under the Class Action Fairness Act ("CAFA"), 28 U.S.C. § 1332(d). Under CAFA, this court has original jurisdiction over class actions in which the parties are minimally diverse and in which the amount in controversy exceeds $5 million. 28 U.S.C. § 1332(d). The complaint, however, makes no mention of CAFA and makes no suggestion that the amount in controversy exceeds the jurisdictional minimum.
Nor has Plaintiff provided any extrinsic evidence that the $5 million minimum is met. To the contrary, Evergreen has submitted evidence that it charged all motor carriers, including Plaintiff, a total of $8,862,453.66 in late fees incurred on all days of the week. (Obrigkeit Dec. ¶¶ 12-13.) Furthermore, Evergreen presented evidence that it never collected late fees on weekends or holidays in Oakland, and did not collect such fees in Los Angeles or Long Beach between April 2007 and June 2011. (Id. ¶ 13-14.)
Apparently recognizing that it has not met its burden of proving subject matter jurisdiction, Plaintiff has requested jurisdictional discovery. (Opp. at 19-20.) Plaintiff argues that such discovery is necessary because the parameters of Evergreen's electronic database are unknown. (Opp. at 20.) It does not appear to the court, however, that there is any reasonable probability that Plaintiff would be able to establish CAFA jurisdiction if discovery were allowed. See Laub v. Dep't of Interior, 342 F.3d 1080, 1093 (9th Cir. 2003). Accordingly, Plaintiff's request is denied.
For the reasons stated above, Defendant's Motion to Dismiss is
IT IS SO ORDERED.