ORDER OF DEFAULT JUDGMENT (Docs. 144, 145, 146, 147, and 150)
In early 2005, Plaintiff, then a resident of New Jersey, met Defendant Sangeeta Kumar*fn1 through an online matrimonial matching service, www.shaadi.com. Ms. Kumar, who lived in Modesto, California, represented herself as licensed real estate agent and financial analyst, who worked for a mortgage brokerage. Early in the relationship, Ms. Kumar "mistakenly" sent Plaintiff her resume as an attachment to an e-mail.
Later, as the relationship seemingly developed and Plaintiff began to trust Ms. Kumar, she suggested that he invest in California real estate, representing that she knew the market well and could obtain favorable financing. Since Plaintiff, who had previously lived and worked in California, hoped to return there, he agreed to purchase a home for himself, to be in his name only and purchased only with his funds. Ms. Kumar convinced him to purchase the home in both their names. In the period from March 2005 through September 2005, Plaintiff sent Ms. Kumar multiple payments for the deposit, financing, and Ms. Kumar's legal expenses, ultimately transferring over $126,000 to her. Of that amount, $45,000 was deposited directly into Washington Mutual bank accounts of co-defendants Rajendra Kumar, Rajnesh Kumar, and Vijma Kumar, who are Ms. Kumar's parents and brother.
After the planned purchase did not occur, Plaintiff repeatedly requested the return of the money he had sent Ms. Kumar. Although she represented that she would refund the money, Ms. Kumar never returned any of Plaintiff's money, nor did Rajendra Kumar, Rajnesh Kumar, and Vijma Kumar ever return the $45,000 deposited into their bank accounts.
In or about March 2006, Plaintiff filed suit against Defendants in state superior court in Mercer County, New Jersey. On May 19, 2006, former Defendant New Freedom Mortgage Corp. removed the case to the U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey. On November 22, 2006, the New Jersey District Court transferred the case to the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of California. Defendants Rajendra Kumar, Sangeeta Kumar, Rajnesh Kumar, and Vijma Kumar (the "individual defendants") answered on January 30, 2007.
On February 19, 2008, Plaintiff amended the complaint. Following resolution of a motion to dismiss brought by former defendant New Freedom, Plaintiff filed a second amended complaint on June 9, 2008, alleging claims of fraud and deceit, conversion, money had and received, tortuous interference with prospective business advantage, intentional infliction of emotional distress, obtaining a credit report under false pretenses, obtaining a credit report through negligent noncompliance, improper use of a credit report, and negligent misrepresentation. The individual defendants answered on June 30, 2008.
On June 30, 2009, the individual defendants moved for summary judgment. On September 21, 2009, the District Court granted the motion in part and denied it in part, dismissing Plaintiff's claims of fraud and negligent misrepresentation against Defendants Rajendra Kumar, Rajnesh Kumar, and Vijma Kumar, and dismissing the claims of intentional interference with economic advantage and intentional infliction of emotional distress as to all individual defendants.
The individual defendants actively participated in the litigation until the withdrawal of their attorney in early 2010. Plaintiff stipulated to the dismissal of Defendant New Freedom on August 7, 2009.
Beginning in early 2011, the Court began to attempt to schedule the case for trial. On December 14, 2011, the District Court vacated the final pretrial conference and ordered Plaintiff to show cause why the action should not be dismissed for failure to prosecute. After Plaintiff's timely response, the Court scheduled the pretrial conference. The individual defendants did not appear. Accordingly, the Court ordered the individual defendants to show cause why default should not be entered against them. The individual defendants did not respond.
On February 22, 2012, the Court entered default against Defendants as to damages and directed Plaintiff to move for judgment on default. Plaintiff filed his motion for judgment on March 6, 2012. Following review of Plaintiff's motion and the record as a whole, on April 18, 2012, the Magistrate Judge requested supplemental briefing explaining the impact of a Default Judgment Against Sangeeta Samy [fka Sangeeta Kumar] to Complaint by Amit Mahajan to Determine Dischargeability of Debt, filed November 3, 2010, by the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Eastern District of California in Mahajan v. Samy, Case No. 10-26658, Adversary No. 10-02393 (Doc. 137-1).*fn2 The bankruptcy court granted Plaintiff a non-dischargeable judgment for principal of $130,000.00 plus costs of $250.00, for a total amount of $130,250.00.
II. Legal Standard for Default Judgment
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 55(b)(2) provides:
(2) By the Court. In all other cases the party entitled to judgment by default shall apply to the court therefor; but no judgment shall be entered against an infant or incompetent person unless represented in the action by a general guardian, committee, conservator, or other such representative who has appeared therein. If the party against whom judgment by default is sought has appeared in the action, the party (or, if appearing by representative, the party's representative) shall be served with written notice of the application for judgment at least 3 days prior to the hearing on such application. If, in order to enable the court to enter judgment or to carry it into effect, it is necessary to take an account or to determine the amount of damages or to establish the truth of any averment by evidence or to make an investigation of any other matter, the court may conduct such hearings or order such references as it deems necessary and proper and shall accord a right of trial by jury to the parties when and as required by any statute of the United States.
"[U]pon default, the well pleaded allegations of the complaint relating to liability are taken as true." Dundee Cement Co. v. Highway Pipe and Concrete Products, Inc., 722 F.2d 1319, 1323 (7th Cir. 1983). See also Televideo Systems, Inc. v. Heidenthal, 826 F.2d 915, 917 (9th Cir. 1987). Thus, "[a]t the time of entry of default, the facts alleged by the plaintiff in the ...