IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
June 26, 2012
BANK OF NEW YORK MELLON,
LETTYE J. LEWIS, AND DOES I THROUGH X, INCLUSIVE,
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Garland E. Burrell, Jr. United States District Judge
ORDER REMANDING CASE TO STATE COURT
Defendant Lettye J. Lewis ("Lewis"), proceeding in propria persona, filed an Ex Parte Application for Temporary Restraining Order ("TRO Application"); Memorandum of Points and Authorities; Affidavit of Lewis in Support of TRO Application; and Verified Complaint. (ECF Nos. 3 & 4.) Lewis seeks in her TRO Application an order "restraining and enjoining . . . [the] Sacramento Sheriff's Office . . . ; the Bank of New York Mellon . . . ; Recontrust Company, N.A. . . . ; and Mortgage Electronic Registration Systems, Inc. . . . from engaging in, or performing any act, to deprive [Lewis] of her ownership in . . . and possession of . . . the Property located at 1229 Nogales Street, Sacramento, California 95838." (Def.'s Mem. P. & A., at 2.) However, Lewis has not shown that the federal court has subject matter jurisdiction to consider her TRO application.
Lewis removed this case from the California Superior Court of California in Sacramento County, by filing a removal notice on May 11, 2012. (ECF No. 1.) However, Lewis does not allege in her removal notice a basis for federal subject matter jurisdiction.
"The burden of establishing federal subject matter jurisdiction falls on the party invoking removal." Toumajian v. Frailey, 135 F.3d 648, 652 (9th Cir. 1998), abrogated on other grounds by Aetna Health, Inc. v. Davila, 542 U.S. 200 (2004). A removed case must be remanded to state court "[i]f at any time before final judgment it appears that the district court lacks subject matter jurisdiction[.]" 28 U.S.C. § 1447(c). "A case may be removed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1441 only where a federal question appears on the face of the properly pleaded complaint." Bank of New York Mellon v. Kirby, No. 1:12--cv--00898, 2012 WL 2050423, at *2 (E.D. Cal. June 6, 2012) (citing Caterpillar Inc. v. Williams, 482 U.S. 386, 392 (1987)).
Here, only an unlawful detainer claim appears in the portion of Plaintiff's complaint attached to Lewis' removal notice. (Notice of Removal Ex. 19.) "An unlawful detainer action arises solely under state law. Thus, an unlawful detainer claim such as the one asserted by Plaintiff here does not raise a federal question." Kirby, 2012 WL 2050423, at *2 (internal citation omitted); see Fannie Mae v. Suarez, 1:11-cv-01225, 2011 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 82300, at *6 (E.D. Cal. July 27, 2011) ("Unlawful detainer actions are strictly within the province of state court."); Deutsche Bank Nat'l Trust v. Leonardo, CV 11-3979, 2011 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 83854, at *2 (C.D. Cal. Aug. 1, 2011) ("[T]he complaint only asserts a claim for unlawful detainer, a cause of action that is purely a matter of state law."). Since a federal question does not appear on the face of Plaintiff's complaint, Lewis has not demonstrated the existence of federal question subject matter jurisdiction.
Further, nothing in the notice of removal shows the existence of diversity jurisdiction. "A district court [has] original jurisdiction based on diversity [of citizenship] when there is complete diversity between the parties and the amount in controversy is greater than $75,000." Vogel v. Dollar Tree Stores, Inc., No. CIV. 07-2275, 2008 WL 149234, at *1 (E.D. Cal. Jan. 14, 2008) (citing 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a)). However, the portion of Plaintiff's complaint attached to Lewis' removal notice does not demonstrate the existence of diversity of citizenship subject matter jurisdiction, since Plaintiff alleges in its complaint that the "amount demanded does not exceed $10,000[.]" (Notice of Removal Ex. 19.) Further, Plaintiff fails to allege in its complaint the citizenship of the parties, and Lewis does not argue in her removal notice that this court has diversity of citizenship subject matter jurisdiction.
Since Lewis has not demonstrated the existence of subject matter jurisdiction over Plaintiff's claims, this case is remanded to the California Superior Court in Sacramento County.
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