UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
June 28, 2012
THE BANK OF NEW YORK MELLON, ET AL.
MICHAEL JOHNSON ET AL.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: The Honorable Dale S. Fischer, United States District Judge
CIVIL MINUTES - GENERAL
Present: The Honorable DALE S. FISCHER, United States District Judge
Debra Plato Not Present Deputy Clerk Court Reporter
Attorneys Present for Plaintiffs: Attorneys Present for Defendants:
Not Present Not Present
Proceedings: (In Chambers) Order REMANDING Case to Superior Court of California, County of Los Angeles
"Federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction" and "possess only that power authorized by [the] Constitution and statute . . . ." Kokkonen v. Guardian Life Ins. Co., 511 U.S. 375, 377 (1994). A defendant may remove an action if the federal court could exercise subject matter jurisdiction over the action. 28 U.S.C. § 1441(a). "The defendant bears the burden of establishing that removal is proper." Provincial Gov't of Marinduque v. Placer Dome, Inc., 582 F.3d 1083, 1087 (9th Cir. 2009). "If at any time before final judgment it appears that the district court lacks subject matter jurisdiction, the case shall be remanded." 28 U.S.C. § 1447(c).
This matter was removed from state court on June 22, 2012, based on federal question jurisdiction. The complaint is a state law unlawful detainer complaint and does not state a federal cause of action. While the Notice of Removal makes reference to the possibility of defenses available under the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution, federal jurisdiction is based on the plaintiff's complaint and not on any counterclaims or defenses that a defendant might assert. See Holmes Group, Inc. v. Vornado Air Circulation Sys., Inc., 535 U.S. 826, 830-32 (2002).
The case is REMANDED to the Superior Court of California, County of Los Angeles.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
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