UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA SAN JOSE DIVISION
July 9, 2012
DEUTSCHE BANK NATIONAL TRUST COMPANY AS TRUSTEE FOR DOWNEY 2006-AR1,
LINDA F. PODA,
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Lucy H. Koh United States District Judge
ORDER GRANTING MOTION TO REMAND
Defendant Linda Poda ("Defendant" or "Poda"), proceeding pro se, filed
a notice of removal of a Santa Clara County Superior Court unlawful detainer
action to this Court. See ECF
No. 1. Deutsche Bank National Trust Company As Trustee For Downey
2006-AR1 ("Plaintiff") 20 has moved to remand the case to state court.
ECF No. 11. Defendant did not file an opposition to 21
Plaintiff's motion to remand. The deadline to file an opposition has
passed. Thus, Plaintiff's 22 motion to remand is unopposed. See Civil
L.R. 7-3(a). Pursuant to Civil Local Rule 7-1(b), the 23
Court finds that Plaintiff's motion is suitable for decision without
oral argument. Accordingly, the 24 motion hearing and case management
conference set for September 27, 2012 are VACATED. 25
Having reviewed the state court complaint and the relevant law, the
Court determines the 26 complaint was improperly removed from state
court. Accordingly, the case is REMANDED to 27 state court. 28
located at 2068 Swensen Ct., San Jose, CA 95131 (the "Property").
See Complaint ("Compl.") ¶ 4
1, ECF No. 1. Plaintiff is the owner of the Property having purchased
the premises at a trustee's 5 sale on January 28, 2011. Id. ¶ 4. On
August 15, 2011, Plaintiff filed an unlawful detainer action 6 in
Santa Clara County Superior Court against Plaintiff, based on a
failure to comply with a 90-day 7
This action arises from Plaintiff's efforts to evict Defendant from residential property Written Notice to Vacate, which expired May 9, 2011. Id. ¶¶ 6-8. Plaintiff's attempts to obtain 8 possession of the Property after filing the unlawful detainer action have consistently been thwarted 9 by Plaintiff. 10
On October 19, 2011, Plaintiff filed her first Chapter 13 bankruptcy petition in the Northern District of California. See Case No. 11-bk-59685.
The petition was dismissed on November 29, 2011. See id. On January 18, 2012, after the bankruptcy petition was dismissed, the unlawful 13 detainer action proceeded to trial in state court. According to Plaintiff, after the trial, the California 14 Superior Court granted judgment in favor of Plaintiff and against Defendant, but before Plaintiff 15 could execute the writ of possession for the Property, Defendant filed another petition for 16 bankruptcy. See Mot. to Remand at 2. This second Chapter 13 bankruptcy was filed on February 17 Plaintiff filed her third Chapter 13 bankruptcy petition on April 2, 2012. See Case No. 12- 19 bk-52503. Judge Johnson, the Bankruptcy Judge presiding over the third bankruptcy petition, 20 dismissed the petition on May 21, 2012. In addition, Judge Johnson barred Poda from filing any 21 bankruptcy petition in the Northern District of California without prior court approval. See ECF 22
On March 5, 2012, before filing her third bankruptcy petition, Poda removed the unlawful 24 detainer action from state to federal court. See ECF No. 1. The matter was originally assigned to 25 Magistrate Judge Paul S. Grewal and was reassigned to the undersigned judge on March 19, 2012.
See ECF Nos. 8. 27
15, 2012, and dismissed on March 19, 2012. See ECF No. 14, Case No. 12-bk-51154. 18 No. 21, Case No. 12-bk-52503. 23
district courts of the United States have original jurisdiction, may be removed by the defendant." 3
In the case of a removed action, if it appears at any time before final judgment that the court lacks 4 subject matter jurisdiction, the court must remand the action to state court.*fn1 28 U.S.C. § 1447(c). 5
The removing defendant bears the burden of establishing that removal is proper. See Provincial 6
Gov't of Marinduque v. Placer Dome, Inc., 582 F.3d 1083, 1087 (9th Cir. 2009). Defendant 7 alleges, as the basis for removal, that this court has subject matter jurisdiction based both on federal 8 question jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1331, and diversity jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1332. 9
Federal courts have original jurisdiction over civil actions "arising under the Constitution,
laws, or treaties of the United States." 28 U.S.C. § 1331. A claim "arises under" federal law, if
based on the "well-pleaded complaint," the plaintiff alleges a federal claim for relief. Vaden v. 13
Discovery Bank, 129 S.Ct. 1262, 1271 (2009). A review of the original complaint filed in state 14 court discloses no federal statutory or constitutional question. An unlawful detainer cause of 15 action such as the one asserted here does not raise a federal question. See Litton Loan Servicing, 16
(citing Evans v. Superior Court, 67 Cal. App. 3d 162, 168 (1977)) (remanding unlawful detainer 18 action to state court based on lack of federal question jurisdiction); Partners v. Gonzalez, 2010 19
Defendant alleges that there "is a federal question surrounding procedural due process right
[sic] guaranteed under the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution." Notice of 22 U.S.C. § 1441 provides that "any civil action brought in a State court of which the
See Notice of Removal at 2-3, ECF No. 1. 10 L.P. v. Villegas, 2011 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 8018, 2011 WL 204322, at * 2 (N.D. Cal. Jan. 21, 2011) 17 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 95714, at * 2-3 (N.D. Cal. Aug. 30, 2010) (same). 20
Removal at 3. However, it is well-settled that a case may not be removed to federal court on the 23 basis of a federal defense. See Franchise Tax Bd. v. Construction Laborers Vacation Trust, 463 24 25 U.S. 1, 10 (1983). Thus, to the extent Poda's defense to the unlawful detainer action is based on 2 alleged violations of federal law, those allegations do not provide a basis for federal jurisdiction. 3
The Court also determines that it does not have diversity jurisdiction over this matter.
Defendant has not established that the amount-in-controversy requirement is met. See 28 U.S.C. § 5 1332. Plaintiff filed its action as a "Limited Civil Case" in which the amount demanded "[d]oes 6 not exceed $10,000." See Complaint. Where, as here, a plaintiff specifically alleges that the 7 amount in controversy is less than the jurisdictional threshold, a defendant has the burden of 8 showing with legal certainty that the amount in controversy exceeds $75,000. See Lowdermilk v. U.S. Bank National Ass'n, 479 F.3d 994, 1000 (9th Cir. 2007). The Court concludes that Defendant has not demonstrated to a legal certainty that the amount in controversy exceeds $75,000. Accordingly, this Court lacks subject matter jurisdiction over this matter, and this case should be remanded to state court.
For the foregoing reasons, the Court finds that it lacks subject
matter jurisdiction and
removal was improper. The Court also notes that Defendant's
litigation history establishes a 16 troubling record. Defendant has
used the federal court system to delay legitimate proceedings in 17
state court. Defendant is hereby on notice that any future attempt to
remove this unlawful detainer 18 action to federal court may lead to
sanctions, including Plaintiff's attorneys' fees incurred in 19 moving
to remand the action back to state court. This case is REMANDED to
Santa Clara County Superior Court. The Clerk shall close the file.
IT IS SO ORDERED.