The opinion of the court was delivered by: Present: The Honorable Percy Anderson, United States District Judge
Paul Songco Not Reported N/A
Deputy Clerk Court Reporter Tape No.
Attorneys Present for Plaintiffs: Attorneys Present for Defendants:
Proceedings: IN CHAMBERS - COURT ORDER
Before the Court is a Notice of Removal filed by defendants DePuy Orthopaedics, Inc. and Johnson & Johnson Inc. ("Defendants"). Defendants assert that this Court has jurisdiction over the action brought against them by plaintiff Edgar Shard ("Plaintiff") based on the Court's diversity jurisdiction. See 28 U.S.C. § 1332.
Legal Standard: Removal & Fraudulent Joinder
Federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction, having subject matter jurisdiction only over matters authorized by the Constitution and Congress. See, e.g., Kokkonen v. Guardian Life Ins. Co., 511 U.S. 375, 377, 114 S. Ct. 1673, 1675, 128 L. Ed. 2d 391 (1994). A suit filed in state court may be removed to federal court if the federal court would have had original jurisdiction over the suit. 28 U.S.C. § 1441(a). A removed action must be remanded to state court if the federal court lacks subject matter jurisdiction. 28 U.S.C. § 1447(c). "The burden of establishing federal jurisdiction is on the party seeking removal, and the removal statute is strictly construed against removal jurisdiction." Prize Frize, Inc. v. Matrix (U.S.) Inc., 167 F.3d 1261, 1265 (9th Cir. 1999). "Federal jurisdiction must be rejected if there is any doubt as to the right of removal in the first instance." Gaus v. Miles, Inc., 980 F.2d 564, 566 (9th Cir. 1992).
In attempting to invoke this Court's diversity jurisdiction, Defendants must prove that there is complete diversity of citizenship between the parties and that the amount in controversy exceeds $75,000. 28 U.S.C. § 1332. To establish citizenship for diversity purposes, a natural person must be a citizen of the United States and be domiciled in a particular state. Kantor v. Wellesley Galleries, Ltd., 704 F.2d 1088, 1090 (9th Cir. 1983). Persons are domiciled in the places they reside with the intent to remain or to which they intend to return. See Kanter v. Warner-Lambert Co., 265 F.3d 853, 857 (9th Cir. 2001). "A person residing in a given state is not necessarily domiciled there, and thus is not necessarily a citizen of that state." Id. For the purposes of diversity jurisdiction, a corporation is a citizen of any state where it is incorporated and of the state where it has its principal place of business.
28 U.S.C. § 1332(c); see also Indus. Tectonics, Inc. v. Aero Alloy, 912 F.2d 1090, 1092 (9th Cir. 1990);
"[A] professional corporation is to be treated like other corporations for purposes of determining the presence or absence of diversity jurisdiction." Cote v. Wadel, 796 F.2d 981, 983 (7th Cir. 1986).
For purposes of diversity, Plaintiff is a citizens of Louisiana, DePuy Orthopaedics, Inc. is a citizen of Indiana, and Johnson & Johnson, Inc. is a citizen of New Jersey. Co-defendant Thomas P. Schmalzried, M.D., a Professional Corporation ("Dr. Schmalzried"), who did not join in the Notice of Removal, is a citizen of California. (See Notice of Removal ¶¶ 6--9.) At first glance, then, the Notice of Removal is procedurally defective pursuant to the rule that all defendants in the state court action must join in the petition for removal. See United Computer Sys., Inc. v. AT&T Corp., 298 F.3d 756, 762 (9th Cir. 2002). Had Dr. Schmalzried joined in the Notice of Removal, of course, removal would be procedurally improper based on the "local defendant" rule, which provides that removal is not permitted where one of the defendants is a ...