UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
July 13, 2012
DIONNE SMITH-DOWNS, ET AL., PLAINTIFFS,
CITY OF STOCKTON, ET AL., DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Morrison C. England, Jr. United States District Judge
Currently before the Court is Defendants', Steve Moore ("Sheriff Moore") and John Nesbitt ("Deputy Nesbitt"), Motion to Dismiss Plaintiffs' Fifth Amended Complaint (ECF No. 53) ("MTD"). However, after the Motion was filed, Defendant City of Stockton ("the City") filed a "Notice of Bankruptcy" in which it advised the Court that the City had filed a bankruptcy petition pursuant to Chapter 9 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code and invoked the automatic stay prescribed in 11 U.S.C. §§ 362 and 922. (ECF No. 59.)
In the Notice of Bankruptcy, the City asserts that the automatic stay applies to the continuation of any judicial proceedings against it that arose before the commencement of the bankruptcy case. (Id. at 2.) The Court agrees and therefore stays this proceeding as to the City.
Generally, "in the absence of special circumstances," a stay under 11 U.S.C. § 362 stays actions only against the debtor. See Ingersoll-Rand Fin. Corp. v. Miller Mining Co., 817 F.2d 1424, 1427 (9th Cir. 1987). Multiple claim and multiple party litigation must be disaggregated so that particular claims, counterclaims, cross-claims and third-party claims are treated independently when determining which of their respective proceedings are subject to the bankruptcy stay. See Parker v. Bain, 68 F.3d 1131, 1137 (9th Cir. 1995).
However, here it is not clear whether this case can or should proceed absent the City of Stockton. For example, several of the individual Stockton police officers are sued in both their official and individual capacities, so it is unclear whether the case may proceed against them given the automatic stay. In addition, Plaintiffs' Fifth Amended Complaint does not make clear which Defendants engaged in which actions, so whether the claims against the County Defendants can be disaggregated from the City Defendants such that the case may proceed is also unclear. (See Fifth Amended Complaint, ECF No. 52 at ¶¶ 13-23.)
In light of the City's Notice of Bankruptcy and the attendant uncertainty as to whether and how to proceed, the Court therefore orders all the non-bankrupt parties to submit briefs to the Court addressing whether this case may proceed absent the City, and, if so, how.*fn1 The briefs shall not exceed ten pages in length and shall be filed within ten days of the date of this Order.
In accordance with the above, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that:
1. This action is stayed against Defendant City of Stockton so long as the automatic stay is in place; and
2. Each of the non-bankrupt parties are directed to file a brief, not to exceed ten (10) pages in length, within ten (10) days of the date this Order is electronically filed, that addresses whether the Court can or should proceed without the City and, if so, how.
In the absence of compelling argument to the contrary, the Court is inclined to stay the entire action so long as the bankruptcy stay is in place.
IT IS SO ORDERED.