The opinion of the court was delivered by: Margaret A. Nagle United States Magistrate Judge
PROTECTIVE ORDER ENTERED PURSUANT TO THE PARTIES' STIPULATION
Pursuant to Rule 26(c) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and based on the parties' Stipulated Request For Rule 26(c) Protective Order ("Stipulation") filed on May 8, 2012, the terms of the protective order to which the parties have agreed are adopted as a protective order of this Court (which generally shall govern the pretrial phase of this action) except to the extent, as set forth below, that those terms have been substantively modified by the Court's amendment of paragraphs 1, 2.1, 3, 5.3(a), and 5.3(b) of, and Exhibit A to, the Stipulation.
The parties are expressly cautioned that the designation of any information, document, or thing as CONFIDENTIAL or other designation(s) used by the parties, does not, in and of itself, create any entitlement to file such information, document, or thing, in whole or in part, under seal. Accordingly, reference to this Protective Order or to the parties' designation of any information, document, or thing as CONFIDENTIAL or other designation(s) used by the parties, is wholly insufficient to warrant a filing under seal.
There is a strong presumption that the public has a right of access to judicial proceedings and records in civil cases. In connection with non-dispositive motions, good cause must be shown to support a filing under seal. The parties' mere designation of any information, document, or thing as CONFIDENTIAL or other designation(s) used by parties,does not -- without the submission of competent evidence, in the form of a declaration or declarations, establishing that the material sought to be filed under seal qualifies as confidential, privileged, or otherwise protectable -- constitute good cause.
Further, if sealing is requested in connection with a dispositive motion or trial, then compelling reasons, as opposed to good cause, for the sealing must be shown, and the relief sought shall be narrowly tailored to serve the specific interest to be protected. See Pintos v. Pacific Creditors Ass'n, 605 F.3d 665, 677-79 (9th Cir. 2010). For each item or type of information, document, or thing sought to be filed or introduced under seal in connection with a dispositive motion or trial, the party seeking protection must articulate compelling reasons, supported by specific facts and legal justification, for the requested sealing order. Again, competent evidence supporting the application to file documents under seal must be provided by declaration.
Any document that is not confidential, privileged, or otherwise protectable in its entirety will not be filed under seal if the confidential portions can be redacted. If documents can be redacted, then a redacted version for public viewing, omitting only the confidential, privileged, or otherwise protectable portions of the document, shall be filed. Any application that seeks to file documents under seal in their entirety should include an explanation of why redaction is not feasible.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this Protective Order, in the event that this case proceeds to trial, all information, documents, and things discussed or introduced into evidence at trial will become public and available to all members of the public, including the press, unless sufficient cause is shown in advance of trial to proceed otherwise.
TERMS OF PROTECTIVE ORDER 1. PURPOSES AND LIMITATIONS Disclosure and discovery activity in this action may involve production of confidential, proprietary, or private information for which the protection from public disclosure and from use for any purpose other than prosecuting this litigation may be warranted.
2.1 Party/Parties: any party/parties to this action, including all of its officers, directors, employees, consultants, retained experts, and outside counsel (and their support staffs).
2.2 Disclosure or Discovery Material: all items or information, regardless of the medium or manner generated, stored, or maintained (including, among other things, testimony, transcripts, or tangible things) that are produced or generated in disclosures or responses to discovery in this matter.
2.3 "Confidential" Information or Items: information (regardless of how generated, stored, or maintained) or tangible things that contain proprietary information or trade secrets (as defined under Cal. Civ. Code section 3426), including, but not limited to, training materials.
2.4 Receiving Party: a Party that receives Disclosure or Discovery Material from a Designating Party.
2.5 Action or "This Action": refers to the above-captioned action and to no other action.
2.6 Designating Party: a Party or non-Party that produces Disclosure or Discovery Material in This Action and designates information or items that it produces in disclosures or in responses to discovery as "Confidential."
2.7 Protected Material: any Disclosure or Discovery Material that is designated as "Confidential."
2.8 Outside Counsel: attorneys who are not employees of a Party but who are retained to represent or advise a Party in This Action.
2.9 In-House Counsel: attorneys who are employees of a Party.
2.10 Counsel (without qualifier): Outside Counsel and In-House Counsel (as well as their support staffs).
2.11 Expert: a person with specialized knowledge or experience in a matter pertinent to the litigation who has been retained by a Party or its counsel to serve as an expert witness or as a consultant in This Action and who is not a past or a current employee of a Party or its competitor and who, at the time of retention, is not anticipated to become an employee of a Party or its competitor. This definition includes a professional jury or trial consultant retained in connection with This Action.
2.12 Professional Vendors: persons or entities that provide litigation support services (e.g., photocopying; videotaping; translating; preparing exhibits or demonstrations; organizing, storing, or retrieving data in any form or medium; etc.) and their employees and subcontractors.
The protections conferred by this Protective Order cover not only Protected Material (as defined above), but also any information copied or extracted therefrom, as well as all copies, excerpts, or compilations thereof, plus deposition testimony, conversations, or ...