UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
July 16, 2012
TILTON, ET AL.,
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Gary S. Austin United States Magistrate Judge
FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATION, RECOMMENDING THAT PLAINTIFF'S M O T I O N F O R P R E L I M I N A R Y INJUNCTIVE RELIEF BE DENIED (Doc. 54.) OBJECTIONS, IF ANY, DUE WITHIN THIRTY DAYS
Kelly Morgan ("Plaintiff") is a state prisoner proceeding pro se with this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Plaintiff filed the Complaint commencing this action on February 15, 2008. (Doc. 1.) On December 8, 2011, Plaintiff filed a motion for the Court to act on his behalf to stop retaliation and other abuses against him by prison officials at Kern Valley State Prison ("KVSP"). (Doc. 100.) Plaintiff's motion is now before the Court.
II. PRELIMINARY INJUNCTIVE RELIEF
"A preliminary injunction is an extraordinary remedy never awarded as of right." Winter v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc., 129 S.Ct. 365, 376 (2008) (citation omitted). "A plaintiff seeking a preliminary injunction must establish that he is likely to succeed on the merits, that he is likely to suffer irreparable harm in the absence of preliminary relief, that the balance of equities tips in his favor, and that an injunction is in the public interest." Id. at 374 (citations omitted). An injunction may only be awarded upon a clear showing that the plaintiff is entitled to relief. Id. at 376 (citation omitted) (emphasis added).
Federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction and in considering a request for preliminary injunctive relief, the Court is bound by the requirement that as a preliminary matter, it have before it an actual case or controversy. City of Los Angeles v. Lyons, 461 U.S. 95, 102, 103 S.Ct. 1660, 1665 (1983); Valley Forge Christian Coll. v. Ams. United for Separation of Church and State, Inc., 454 U.S. 464, 471, 102 S.Ct. 752, 757-58 (1982). If the Court does not have an actual case or controversy before it, it has no power to hear the matter in question. Id. Requests for prospective relief are further limited by 18 U.S.C. § 3626(a)(1)(A) of the Prison Litigation Reform Act, which requires that the Court find the "relief [sought] is narrowly drawn, extends no further than necessary to correct the violation of the Federal right, and is the least intrusive means necessary to correct the violation of the Federal right."
Plaintiff has requested the Court to act on his behalf to stop retaliation and other abuses against him by prison officials at Kern Valley State Prison ("KVSP"), where Plaintiff is presently incarcerated. Specifically, Plaintiff requests the Court to notify the Warden about what is happening to him and to do "something" to offer him relief. (Motion, Doc. 54 at 2.) Plaintiff alleges that he has been placed in administrative segregation in the mental health care unit out of retaliation by Officers J. Burmudez and G. Smith, because of this lawsuit.
The Court lacks jurisdiction to grant Plaintiff's request for relief in this action. The action requested by Plaintiff would not remedy any of the claims upon which this action proceeds. This action is proceeding only against defendant C/O M. Hernandez based on events occurring at Pleasant Valley State Prison in 2007 when Plaintiff was incarcerated there. Plaintiff is now incarcerated at KVSP and requests the Court to act based on present events. Because such action is not related to the claims upon which this action proceeds, the Court lacks jurisdiction to offer the relief requested by Plaintiff, and Plaintiff's motion must be denied.
III. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
Based on the foregoing, IT IS HEREBY RECOMMENDED that Plaintiff's motion for preliminary injunctive relief, filed on December 8, 2011, be DENIED.
These findings and recommendation are submitted to the United States District Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of Title 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within thirty days after being served with these findings and recommendations, Plaintiff may file written objections with the court. Such a document should be captioned "Objections to Magistrate Judge's Findings and Recommendations." Plaintiff is advised that failure to file objections within the specified time may waive the right to appeal the District Court's order. Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991).
IT IS SO ORDERED.
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