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Christopher Jenkins, Cdcr # P-73828 v. Icc Ad Seg Bld 6; Csr Representative; Isu; Sgt. Duarte

July 17, 2012

CHRISTOPHER JENKINS, CDCR # P-73828,
PLAINTIFF,
v.
ICC AD SEG BLD 6; CSR REPRESENTATIVE; ISU; SGT. DUARTE;
OFFICER BONFIL; DR. SMITH; OFFICER
ENRIQUEZ; OFFICER BUENONOSTROS;
SGT. 2ND WATCH; RN 2ND WATCH
CIM HOSPITAL; OFFICER POLADIAN; M. GILL, DEFENDANTS.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: Hon. Irma E. Gonzalez United States District Judge

ORDER: (1) GRANTING MOTION TO PROCEED IN FORMA PAUPERIS [ECF No. 2]; and (2) DISMISSING COMPLAINTFOR FAILING TO STATE A CLAIM PURSUANT TO 28 U.S.C. §§ 1915(e)(2)(B) & 1915A(b) AND FOR LACK OF PROPER VENUE

Plaintiff, a state inmate currently incarcerated at the California Men's Colony in San Luis Obispo, California, and proceeding pro se, has filed a civil rights Complaint pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. In addition, Plaintiff has filed a Motion to Proceed In Forma Pauperis (IFP) pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a) [ECF No. 2].

I. MOTION TO PROCEED IFP

All parties instituting any civil action, suit or proceeding in a district court of the United States, except an application for writ of habeas corpus, must pay a filing fee of $350. See 28 U.S.C. § 1914(a). An action may proceed despite a party's failure to pay only if the party is granted leave to proceed IFP pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a). See Andrews v. Cervantes, 493 F.3d 1047, 1051 (9th Cir. 2007); Rodriguez v. Cook, 169 F.3d 1176, 1177 (9th Cir. 1999).Prisoners granted leave to proceed IFP however, remain obligated to pay the entire fee in installments, regardless of whether the action is ultimately dismissed for any reason. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(1) & (2).

The Court finds that Plaintiff has submitted an affidavit which complies with 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(1), and that he has attached a certified copy of his trust account statement pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(2) and S.D. CAL. CIVLR 3.2. Plaintiff's trust account statement shows that he has insufficient funds from which to pay an initial partial filing fee.

Accordingly, the Court GRANTS Plaintiff's Motion to Proceed IFP [ECF No. 2] and assesses no initial partial filing fee per 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(1). However, the Court further orders the Secretary of the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation ("CDCR") to garnish the entire $350 balance of the filing fees owed in this case, collect and forward them to the Clerk of the Court pursuant to the installment payment provisions set forth in 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(1).

II. SCREENING PURSUANT TO 28U.S.C.§§1915(e)(2)&1915A(b)

The Prison Litigation Reform Act ("PLRA")'s amendments to 28 U.S.C. § 1915 also obligate the Court to review complaints filed by all persons proceeding IFP and by those, like Plaintiff, who are "incarcerated or detained in any facility [and] accused of, sentenced for, or adjudicated delinquent for, violations of criminal law or the terms or conditions of parole, probation, pretrial release, or diversionary program," "as soon as practicable after docketing." See 28 U.S.C. §§ 1915(e)(2)(B) and 1915A(b). Under these provisions, the Court must sua sponte dismiss any prisoner civil action and all other IFP complaints, or any portions thereof, which are frivolous, malicious, fail to state a claim, or which seek damages from defendants who are immune. See 28 U.S.C. §§ 1915(e)(2)(B) and 1915A; Lopez v. Smith, 203 F.3d 1122, 1126-27 (9th Cir. 2000) (en banc) (§ 1915(e)(2)); Resnick v. Hayes, 213 F.3d 443, 446 n.1 (9th Cir. 2000) (§ 1915A).

A. Venue

The Court takes note that a majority of the claims brought by Plaintiff are related to claims against Defendants who are alleged to reside in San Bernardino County and arose when he was housed at the California Institute for Men and California Men's Colony. Venue may be raised by a court sua sponte where the defendant has not yet filed a responsive pleading and the time for doing so has not run. Costlow v. Weeks, 790 F.2d 1486, 1488 (9th Cir. 1986). "A civil action wherein jurisdiction is not founded solely on diversity of citizenship may, except as otherwise provided by law, be brought only in (1) a judicial district where any defendant resides, if all defendants reside in the same State, (2) a judicial district in which a substantial part of the events or omissions giving rise to the claim occurred, or a substantial part of property that is the subject of the action is situated, or (3) a judicial district in which any defendant may be found, if there is no district in which the action may otherwise be brought." 28 U.S.C. § 1391(b); Costlow, 790 F.2d at 1488; Decker Coal Co. v. Commonwealth Edison Co., 805 F.2d 834, 842 (9th Cir. 1986). "The district court of a district in which is filed a case laying venue in the wrong division or district shall dismiss, or if it be in the interests of justice, transfer such case to any district in or division in which it could have been brought." 28 U.S.C. § 1406(a).

Here, Plaintiff claims a number of constitutional violations against Defendants who are alleged to reside in San Bernardino County. These Defendants reside in the jurisdictional confines of the Central District of California. See 28 U.S.C. § 28(b). The claims against these Defendants are not alleged to have arisen in the Southern District. See 28 U.S.C. § 84(d) ("The Southern District [of California] comprises the counties of Imperial and San Diego."). Moreover, the claims against these Defendants are unrelated to the claims against the Defendants who are alleged to reside in the County of San Diego.

Therefore, venue as to the claims against Defendants Duarte, Bonfil, RN 2d Watch, Officer Poladian and M. Gill are properly brought in the Central District of California, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 84(c)(2), but not in the Southern District of California. See 28 U.S.C. § 1391(b); Costlow, 790 F.2d at 1488. Accordingly, the Court dismisses the claims against Defendants Duarte, Bonfil, RN 2d Watch, Officer Poladian and M. Gill, without prejudice, for lack of proper venue. If Plaintiff wishes to purse claims against these individual Defendants he should file a separate action in the Central District of California.

B. Claims against Richard J. Donovan Defendants

Plaintiff alleges claims against Defendants while he was housed at the Richard J. Donovan Correctional Facility in 2009. In his Complaint before this Court, Plaintiff raises claims of retaliation and denial of adequate nutrition. However, Plaintiff has already litigated some of these claims in a separate matter that is currently on appeal before the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals in Jenkins v. R.J. Donovan, et al., S.D. Cal. Civil Case No. 09cv0116 L (BLM). A court "may take notice of proceedings in other courts, both within and without the federal judicial system, if those proceedings ...


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