The opinion of the court was delivered by: Present: The Honorable James V. Selna
Karla J. Tunis Not Present Deputy Clerk Court Reporter Attorneys Present for Plaintiffs: Attorneys Present for Defendants:
Proceedings: (In Chambers) Order Remanding Action to the Superior Court of the State of California for the County of Orange
Defendant Mirna Barrientos ("Barrientos") has removed this action from Superior Court of the State of California for the County of Orange. (Notice of Removal, Docket No. 1.) Barrientos asserts that this Court has subject matter jurisdiction over this action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. §§ 1332, 1441, 1443 and 1446. (Id.)
The Court has reviewed the jurisdictional allegations and has considered other possible bases for jurisdiction in light of the facts pled in the Complaint and the Notice of Removal. The Court finds no basis for jurisdiction, and now remands the case.
Federal Question Jurisdiction
The Court must determine jurisdiction on the basis of the case removed. The underlying action is an unlawful detainer action. (Notice of Removal, Page ID 29, Docket 1-1.) No federal claims are asserted. 28 U.S.C. § 1331. Federal defenses or federal counterclaims provide no basis to remove an action which does not otherwise establish federal jurisdiction. See Franchise Tax Board of State of Cal. v. Construction Laborers Vacation Trust, 643 U.S. 1, 10 (1983); Metro Ford Truck Sales, Inc. v. Ford Co., 145 F.3d 320, 326-27 (5th Cir. 1998). There is no basis for federal question jurisdiction.
Barrientos lives in Placentia, California, and is a California resident. (Notice of Removal, 19:18-20, Docket No. 1.) As a California resident, Barrientos is unable to remove this case to federal court pursuant to 28 U.S.C. section 1441(2). See 28 U.S.C. § 1441(2) (stating that a civil action removable solely on the basis of diversity jurisdiction cannot be removed if the defendant is a citizen of the State in which such action is brought). Furthermore, it is apparent that the amount of relief sought is less than the jurisdictional minimum of $75,000. (Notice of Removal, Page ID 29, Docket No. 1-1.) The face of the Complaint states that the amount of claimed damages is less than $10,000. (Id.) There is no basis for diversity jurisdiction.
Jurisdiction Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1443
Section 1443(1) permits a defendant in state cases to remove the proceedings to the federal district courts when a defendant is denied or cannot enforce in the courts of such State a right under any law providing for the equal civil rights of citizens in the United States. In order to successfully remove, the defendant must satisfy a two-prong test: 1) the rights allegedly denied must arise under a federal law providing for specific civil rights stated in terms of racial equality; and 2) the ...