IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
August 1, 2012
TERRY LYN MCCAIN, PLAINTIFF,
CALIFORNIA HIGHWAY PATROL; ET AL., DEFENDANTS.
This matter comes before the court upon plaintiff's filing of three requests for reconsideration, all captioned "objections." (ECF 93, 94 & 95.)
Plaintiff filed this "objection to document no. 90" on December 28, 2011.*fn1 The court construes this as a request for reconsideration of the undersigned's order adopting the magistrate judge's August 4, 2011 findings and recommendations (ECF 38), dismissing California Highway Patrol ("CHP") from this action. Plaintiff contends the court failed to make findings of fact, CHP was in default as it never filed an answer to plaintiff's complaint, and plaintiff's complaint states a claim.
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 60(b) provides, inter alia: "On motion and just terms, the court may relieve a party . . . from a final judgment . . . for . . . (1) mistake, inadvertence, surprise, or excusable neglect; . . . or (6) any other reason that justifies relief." "The major grounds that justify reconsideration involve an intervening change of controlling law, the availability of new evidence, or the need to correct a clear error or prevent manifest injustice." Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe of Indians v. Hodel, 882 F.2d 364, 369 n.5 (9th Cir. 1989) (quotation marks and citation omitted). "'A finding is "clearly erroneous" when although there is evidence to support it, the reviewing [body] on the entire evidence is left with the definite and firm conviction that a mistake has been committed.'" Concrete Pipe and Prods. v. Constr. Laborers Pension Trust, 508 U.S. 602, 622 (1993) (quoting United States v. United States Gypsum Co., 333 U.S. 364, 395 (1948)). "[R]review under the 'clearly erroneous' standard is significantly deferential . . . ." Id. at 623. "To succeed [on a motion for reconsideration], a party must set forth facts or law of a strongly convincing nature to induce the court to reverse its prior decision." Enriquez v. City of Fresno, No. CV F 10-0581 AWI DLB, 2011 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 29998, at *3 (E.D. Cal. Mar. 23, 2011).
The court's order adopting the magistrate judge's findings and recommendations was neither clearly erroneous, nor did it create a manifest injustice. Moreover, Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 52, upon which plaintiff relies to contend the court should reconsider its order, is inapplicable; Rule 52(a)(3) states: "The court is not required to state findings or conclusions when ruling on a motion under Rule 12 or 56 or, unless these rules provide otherwise, on any other motion." Furthermore, CHP was not in default; it filed a timely motion to dismiss in lieu of an answer.
Plaintiff's request for reconsideration is denied.
Plaintiff filed this "objection to document no. 91" on January 3, 2012. The court construes this as a request for reconsideration of the undersigned's order adopting the magistrate judge's August 26, 2011 findings and recommendations (ECF 52), granting in part the Towing Defendants' motion to dismiss. Plaintiff contends the court's order adopting the findings and recommendations was untimely; her civil rights claims are not based on the right to travel; the Towing Defendants are in default; the Towing Defendants' opposition to her objections to said findings and recommendations, answer to the complaint, opposition to plaintiff's request for entry of default, and status report all are "Null and Void" as "[t]hey were filed by an attorney who is not counsel of record"; the Towing Defendants and their counsel are violating Federal Rules of Civil Procedure 7, 8, 12 and 15 and Local Rule 182; plaintiff has declined to have the magistrate judge hear her case; the court failed to make findings of fact and conclusions of law; and the Towing Defendants continue to deprive plaintiff of her property.
The standard the court applies is set forth above. The court here briefly addresses plaintiff's specific objections. As discussed above, Rule 52's requirements are inapplicable to Rule 12 motions. The Towing Defendants were not in default; they filed a timely motion to dismiss in lieu of an answer. As for plaintiff's claim that this court's order was untimely, the court has the inherent authority to control its own docket. Moreover, plaintiff has presented no new evidence, nor has she demonstrated the court committed error, regarding her civil rights claims being premised on the right to travel. Furthermore, Floyd Cranmore has not "just waltz[ed] in off the street and file[d] paper[s]" in this case; he is a licensed attorney appearing on behalf of the Towing Defendants in addition to Vittoria Bossi. Plaintiff provides no support for her claims the Towing Defendants are violating the enumerated rules and the court accordingly declines to consider this argument. With regard to plaintiff's claim regarding consent, the parties' option to consent or decline consent refers only to the magistrate judge's issuing of final dispositive motions or conducting of the trial, not pretrial matters. See Local Rules 301-305.
Lastly, whether or not the Towing Defendants continue to deprive plaintiff of her property is irrelevant to the order underlying this request for reconsideration.
Plaintiff's request for reconsideration is denied.
Plaintiff filed this "objection to document no. 92" on January 6, 2012. The court construes this as a request for reconsideration of the undersigned's order denying three motions she filed (ECF 84, 87 & 88). Plaintiff repeats her contentions that the magistrate judge did not have authority to decide her motion for partial summary judgment against CHP or motions to dismiss, that CHP and the Towing Defendants are in default, the court did not support its denial of her motion for summary judgment with findings of fact and conclusions of law as required by Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 52, the magistrate judge is biased, and plaintiff has not consented to having her case heard by the magistrate judge. All of these contentions have been addressed, either previously in this order or in the court's order to which plaintiff is presently objecting. Plaintiff has failed to present any new evidence or demonstrate in any way that the court's order was clearly erroneous or will result in manifest injustice.
The court notes that plaintiff also appears to seek reconsideration of the magistrate judge's order setting aside the clerk's entry of default as to defendants Mangham and Walling. (ECF 70.) Plaintiff contends these defendants are in default and were served properly. (ECF 95 at 7.) The magistrate judge's order was neither clearly erroneous nor contrary to law, see Local Rule 303(f); as the magistrate judge found, defendants were not properly served and therefore default should not have been entered against them.
Accordingly, plaintiff's request for reconsideration is denied in full.
For the foregoing reasons, plaintiff's requests for reconsideration (ECF 93, 94 & 95) are DENIED.
IT IS SO ORDERED.