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Chaderick A. Ingram v. City of Sacramento


August 21, 2012



This case, in which plaintiff is proceeding in propria persona, was referred to the undersigned under Local Rule 302(c)(21), pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). On August 21, 2012, plaintiff filed a complaint against numerous defendants pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983.*fn1

Dckt. No. 1.

The court takes judicial notice of the proceedings in United States v. Ingram, 2:10-cr-00014-MCE-1 (E.D. Cal.), and Ingram v. Grant Joint Union High School Dist., et al., 2:08-cv 2490-KJM-DAD (E.D. Cal.). See Fed. R. Evid. 201.*fn2 In the criminal case, Mr. Ingram was declared incompetent and un-restorable on the basis of mental health issues. See United States v. Ingram, No. 2:10-cr-0014-MCE-1, Dckt. Nos. 32, 39, 40. In the civil action, Mr. Ingram was represented by counsel, and a guardian ad litem was appointed for Mr. Ingram following the declaration of incompetence in the criminal action. See Ingram v. Grant Joint Union High School Dist., et al., 2:08-cv-02490-KJM-DAD, Dckt. Nos. 87-88.

In this action, Mr. Ingram is not represented by counsel and no guardian ad litem has been appointed. It appears from his complaint that there has been no change in his mental health status since the filing of the declaration of incompetence in the criminal case. Indeed, the complaint acknowledges that Mr. Ingram has a "documented mental disability." See Dckt. No. 1, Compl., at 2. An incompetent person can only proceed in federal court if represented by counsel. See Osei-Afriyie v. Med. College of Penn., 937 F.2d 876, 883 (3d Cir. 1991) ("It goes without saying that it is not in the interest of minors or incompetents that they be represented by non-attorneys.") (citation omitted), quoted approvingly in Johns v. County of San Diego, 114 F.3d 874, 877 (9th Cir. 1997) (holding that "a parent or guardian cannot bring an action on behalf of a minor child without retaining a lawyer"); see also William W. Schwarzer et al., Cal. Practice Guide: Fed. Civ. Proc. Before Trial § 7:41 (The Rutter Group 2011) ("A non-attorney parent or guardian cannot bring a lawsuit or defend an action in federal court on behalf of a minor or incompetent without retaining a lawyer") (citations omitted).

Although plaintiff requests the appointment of counsel pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(d), Dckt. No. 1 at 2, that request will be denied. "The court may only designate counsel to represent an indigent civil litigant pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(d) in certain exceptional circumstances" and that "[i]n considering whether exceptional circumstances exist, the court must evaluate (1) the plaintiff's likelihood of success on the merits; and (2) the ability of the plaintiff to articulate her claims pro se in light of the complexity of the legal issues involved." Id. (citing Terrell v. Brewer, 935 F.2d 1015, 1017 (9th Cir. 1991); Wood v. Housewright, 900 F.2d 1332, 1335-36 (9th Cir. 1990); Richards v. Harper, 864 F.2d 85, 87 (9th Cir. 1988)). Here, although plaintiff may be unable to articulate his claims clearly, because plaintiff's complaint does not appear to state any valid claims, when considering the likelihood of success and the complexity of the issues, there are no exceptional circumstances justifying the appointment of counsel.

Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that plaintiff's request for counsel, Dckt. No. 1 at 2, is denied.


1. This case be dismissed without prejudice; and

2. The Clerk be directed to close this case.

These findings and recommendations are submitted to the United States District Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). Within fourteen days after being served with these findings and recommendations, any party may file written objections with the court and serve a copy on all parties. Id.; see also E.D. Cal. L.R. 304(b). Such a document should be captioned "Objections to Magistrate Judge's Findings and Recommendations." Any response to the objections shall be filed with the court and served on all parties within fourteen days after service of the objections. E.D. Cal. L.R. 304(b). Failure to file objections within the specified time may waive the right to appeal the District Court's order. Turner v. Duncan, 158 F.3d 449, 455 (9th Cir. 1998); Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153, 1156-57 (9th Cir. 1991).

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