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Malibu Media, LLC, A California v. John Does 1 Through 35

September 4, 2012


The opinion of the court was delivered by: David H. Bartick United States Magistrate Judge


On August 19, 2012, putative John Doe No. 8 ("Defendant") filed an Ex Parte Application re: Leave to File Motion for Reconsideration ("Application") (ECF No. 11) of the Court's June 28, 2012 Order Granting in Part and Denying in Part Plaintiff's Motion for Leave to Serve Third Party Subpoena Prior to a Rule 26(f) Conference ("Early Discovery Order") (ECF No. 6). Although Plaintiff Malibu Media, LLC expressed the intent to oppose the Application prior to its filing (see ECF No. 11-2), to date, no opposition to the Application has been filed. (See ECF No. 12.)

Defendant's Application is brought pursuant to District Judge Larry A. Burns' Standing Order 4(j), which requires that a party obtain leave of court prior to filing a motion for reconsideration. Standing Order 4(j) states, in part: "Motions for reconsideration are disfavored unless a party shows there is new evidence, a change in controlling law, or establishes that the Court committed clear error in the earlier ruling."*fn1

Defendant contends that reconsideration is appropriate for several reasons. First, "although the Early Discovery Order had a serious impact on the legal rights of the putative John Does, the Does never got a chance to oppose plaintiff's motion for early discovery." (Application at 2:13-15.)*fn2

Second, because Plaintiff has no intention of serving the Doe defendants, Plaintiff abused the subpoena power to obtain identifying information in order to "shake down" the Doe defendants for an "easy settlement." (Application at 3:2-6.) Third, Plaintiff's unopposed motion for early discovery (ECF No. 4) materially misled the Court by: (i) representing that federal courts have unanimously approved early discovery for purposes of identifying fictitiously named defendants; (ii) failing to address the issue of misjoinder; and (iii) submitting a sworn declaration from Plaintiff's counsel indicating that the discovery sought will facilitate service on the Doe defendants despite Plaintiff's intent to never actually serve the Doe defendants. (Application at 4:12-27.) Fourth, Defendant desires to introduce new evidence of Plaintiff's alleged abusive litigation tactics. (Application at 5:1-12.) Finally, the Early Discovery Order failed to address determinative legal issues including that the discovery sought would not "very likely" reveal the identity of the Doe defendants, the subpoenas are not "reasonably likely" to result in service on the Doe defendants, and the Complaint cannot withstand a hypothetical motion to dismiss for improper joinder. (Application at 5:15-21.)

Defendant also requests that the return dates for any outstanding subpoenas to Internet Service Providers ("ISPs") be stayed pending a ruling on a motion for reconsideration. (Application at 6:1-11.)

For the reasons set forth below, however, the Court DENIES Defendant's Application for leave to file a motion for reconsideration.

Initially, the Court's Local Civil Rules require that a motion for reconsideration be filed within twenty-eight (28) days after the entry of the order. CivLR 7.1(i)(2). The Court issued the Early Discovery Order on June 28, 2012. Defendant's Application was not filed until August 19, 2012.

Defendants' Application, including exhibits, is 222 pages in length.

However, Defendant has made no effort to explain this delay.*fn3

However, notwithstanding Defendant's untimely Application, the Court considers the merits of Defendant's Application and determines that Defendant has not shown that there is new evidence or a change in controlling law, or that the Court committed clear error when it issued the Early Discovery Order.

First, that the Doe defendants did not have an opportunity to oppose the early discovery does not justify reconsideration. Motions for early discovery in order to seek the identity of fictitiously named defendants will, by their very nature, be unopposed. However, the Ninth Circuit has expressly authorized this method of discovery under appropriate circumstances. See Gillespie v. Civiletti, 629 F.2d 637, 642 (9th Cir. 1980).

Second, Defendant's arguments that Plaintiff has no intention of serving the Doe defendants and that Plaintiff has engaged in abusive litigation tactics does not come as a surprise to the Court. Indeed, in issuing the Early Discovery Order, the Court was well aware that these arguments had been made in other cases involving Plaintiff. Notwithstanding, the Court exercised its discretion to allow limited early discovery in this case.

Third, the Court was not misled by Plaintiff's purported misrepresentations. The Court was mindful that federal courts have not unanimously approved the method of discovery authorized in this case, and that the case law on this subject has generated numerous outcomes. In addition, although Plaintiff did not address the issue of joinder, the Court considered the issue in its analysis. (See ECF No. 6 at 11:6-15.) Finally, as stated above, the Court was mindful of claims made in connection with other cases that Plaintiff has no intention of serving the Doe defendants. However, the Court, in its discretion, determined that ...

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