The opinion of the court was delivered by: Edward J. Davila United States District Judge
United States District Court For the Northern District of California
ORDER GRANTING MOTION TO STRIKE (Re: Docket No. 36)
Pending before the court is Plaintiff Soladigm, Inc.'s ("Soladigm") motion to strike Defendant Min Ming Tarng's ("Tarng") Second Amended Counterclaim. See Docket No. 36. 19 Having reviewed the parties' submissions, the court previously found this matter appropriate for 20 decision without oral argument. Civil L.R. 7-1(b). For the reasons discussed below, the court 21 GRANTS Soladigm's motion to strike Tarng's document entitled, Counterclaim-2, Docket No. 28. 22
On November 7, 2011, Soladigm filed its Complaint seeking declaratory judgment of the 24 ownership of U.S. Patent Application No. 12/752,121 (the "'121 patent application") and alleging 25 breach of contract, breach of confidential relationship, and unfair competition. See Compl., Docket 26 No. 1. On November 28, 2011, Tarng filed a 46-page document entitled, "Declaration of Min Ming 27 Tarng, PhD In Support of Patent Application No. 12/752,121 Being Inventor's Proprietary 28 Intellectual Property Having No Relation With Soladigm That It Cannot Be Robbed Away From the Innocent Inventor With the Terrible Threats of Soladigm." See Docket No. 11. On December 2, 2 2011, Tarng filed a declaration stating that the document filed on November 28, 2011 was his "Answer on the Merits." Docket No. 20. Also on December 22, 2011, Tarng filed 79-page 5 document entitled, "Counterclaim." Docket No. 21. On January 5, 2012, Soladigm filed its Answer 6 to Tarng's Counterclaim. On January 24, 2012, Tarng filed a 450-page document entitled, 7 Counterclaim-2, arguing it is an amended pleading that was improperly filed without leave of 9 court. 10 days after service of a responsive pleading or 21 days after service of a motion under Rule 12. 14
In all other cases, a party may amend its pleading only with the opposing party's written consent or 15 the court's leave. The court should freely give leave when justice so requires. 16
Pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 13(a)(1), a pleading must state as a counterclaim any claim that-at 17 the time of its service-the pleader has against an opposing party if the claim arises out of the 18 transaction or occurrence that is the subject matter of the opposing party's claim; and does not 19 require adding another party over whom the court cannot acquire jurisdiction. 20
Answer. See Docket No. 13. On December 22, 2011, Tarng filed a 90-page document entitled, 4 "Counterclaim-2." On February 7, 2012, Soladigm filed its motion to strike this 450-page 8
Pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 15(a), a party may amend its pleading once as a matter of course within 21 days after serving it, or if the pleading is one to which a responsive pleading is required, 13
Soladigm argues that Tarng's counterclaims are compulsory counterclaims under Rule 13(a) and thus were required to be stated in the original Answer. The court agrees. The 23 counterclaims asserted in Tarng's December 22, 2011 Counterclaim-declaratory judgment of 24 ownership of the '121 patent application; breach of consulting agreement; breach of nondisclosure 25 agreement; breach of confidential relationship, and violation of California's unfair competition 26 law-arise out of the same occurrences that are the subject of Soladigm's claim and do not require 27 adding another party over whom the court cannot acquire jurisdiction. Thus, Tarng was required to 28 assert these counterclaims in his Answer, which was filed on November 28, 2011.
The Counterclaim, filed on December 22, 2011, therefore is an amended pleading that 2 asserts new counterclaims. The January 24, 2011 document, "Counterclaim-2," therefore is the 3 second amendment to Tarng's pleadings. Because Tarng had already amended his pleadings as a 4 matter of right, Rule 15(a) required Tarng to obtain Soladigm's written consent or the court's leave 5 before filing his Counterclaim-2. Tarng, however, filed the 450-page Counterclaim-2 ...