The opinion of the court was delivered by: Present: Honorable VIRGINIA A. Phillips, U.S. District Judge
Marva Dillard None Present Courtroom Deputy Court Reporter
PROCEEDINGS: MINUTE ORDER REMANDING ACTION TO THE CALIFORNIA SUPERIOR COURT FOR THE COUNTY OF RIVERSIDE (IN CHAMBERS)
On July 31, 2012, Plaintiff Consuelo Valdivia filed a complaint for unlawful detainer ("Complaint") against Defendant Salvador Alvarez Lopez in the California Superior Court for the County of Riverside. (Not. of Removal.) On September 21, 2012, Defendant removed the action on the basis of this Court's federal question jurisdiction, 28 U.S.C. § 1331. (See id.)
Removal jurisdiction is governed by statute. See 28 U.S.C. §1441. The Ninth Circuit applies a strong presumption against removal jurisdiction, ensuring "the defendant always has the burden of establishing that removal is proper." Gaus v. CONSUELO VALDIVIA v. SALVADOR ALVAREZ LOPEZ, DOES 1 TO 10 INCLUSIVE MINUTE ORDER of September 21, 2012 , 980 F.2d 564, 566 (9th Cir. 1992) (citing Nishimoto v. Federman--Bachrach & Assocs., 903 F.2d 709, 712 n.3 (9th Cir. 1990)); see also In re Ford Motor Co./Citibank, 264 F.3d 952, 957 (9th Cir. 2001) ("The party asserting federal jurisdiction bears the burden of proving the case is properly in federal court."). "If at any time before final judgment it appears that the district court lacks subject matter jurisdiction, the case shall be remanded." 28 U.S.C. § 1447(c); FW/PBS, Inc. v.
, 493 U.S. 215, 231 (1990) ("federal courts are under an independent obligation to examine their own jurisdiction"); see also Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(h)(3) ("If the court determines at any time that it lacks subject-matter jurisdiction, the court must dismiss the action.")
Defendant appears to allege the basis for removal is federal question jurisdiction, 28 U.S.C. § 1331, because the claims arise under federal law. (See id. at 2-5.) From the face of the Complaint, however, Plaintiff's only claim is for unlawful detainer, a California state law action. See Franchise Tax Bd. v. Constr. Laborers Vacation Trust, 463 U.S. 1, 10 (1983) (defendant may not remove case to federal court unless basis for federal jurisdiction apparent on the face of the ...