IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
October 1, 2012
PAUL WINFIELD, PLAINTIFF,
RAPPOPORT, ET AL.,
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Gregory G. Hollows United States Magistrate Judge
ORDER & FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Plaintiff, a state prisoner proceeding pro se, filed a civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and a motion to proceed in forma pauperis.
28 U.S.C. § 1915 permits any court of the United States to authorize the commencement and prosecution of any suit without prepayment of fees by a person who submits an affidavit indicating that the person is unable to pay such fees. However,
[i]n no event shall a prisoner bring a civil action or appeal a judgment in a civil action or proceeding under this section if the prisoner has, on 3 or more prior occasions, while incarcerated or detained in any facility, brought an action or appeal in a court of the United States that was dismissed on the grounds that it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, unless the prisoner is under imminent danger of serious physical injury.
28 U.S.C. § 1915(g).
The plain language of the statute (§ 1915(g)) makes clear that a prisoner is precluded from bringing a civil action or an appeal in forma pauperis if the prisoner has brought three frivolous actions and/or appeals (or any combination thereof totaling three). See Rodriguez v. Cook, 169 F.3d 1176, 1178 (9th Cir. 1999). 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g) should be used to deny a prisoner's in forma pauperis status only upon a determination that each action reviewed (as a potential strike) is carefully evaluated to determine that it was dismissed as frivolous, malicious or for failure to state a claim. Andrews v. King, 398 F.3d 1113, 1121 (9th Cir. 2005). Dismissal of an appeal as frivolous after a district court dismissal on grounds that the action was frivolous counts as a separate strike. Adepegba v. Hammons, 103 F.3d 383, 388 (5th Cir. 1996). However, Adepegba qualifies that insofar as affirmance only finds no error at district court level, affirmance should not count as separate strike.*fn1 Id., at 387. On the other hand, when the appeal is frivolous on a separate ground, then the appeal dismissal is also a strike. Id. at 388. See also Thompson v. Gibson, 289 F.3d 1218, 1222 (10th Cir. 2002); Moran v. Sondalle, 218 F.3d 647, 651-52 (7th Cir. 2000) (both noting that frivolous appeals count as a strike).
In a recent case, Silva v. Di Vittorio, __F.3d__, 2011 WL 4436248 (9th Cir. 2011), the Ninth Circuit held that a district court strike was not final until an appeal had been resolved.
The undersigned first notes that plaintiff has filed 37 cases since 1991.*fn2 The undersigned finds that the following actions constitute strikes under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g): Winfield v. Davis, Case No. 2:03-cv-0101 FCD PAN P - June 9, 2003 case dismissed for failure to state a claim under 42 U.S.C. § 1983.
Winfield v. Katcher, et al., Case No. 2:03-cv-2064 GEB GGH P - June 24, 2005 case dismissed for plaintiff's repeated failure to state a claim.
Winfield v. Downing, Case No. 2:06-cv-0391 GEB JFM P - March 16, 2007 case dismissed for plaintiff's failure to state a claim upon which relief may be granted. Appeal dismissed for failure to prosecute on July 13, 2007.
Winfield v. Suliven, et al., Case No. 2:07-cv-0828 LKK EFB P - April 16, 2008 case dismissed for plaintiff's failure to state a claim.*fn3
The undersigned also notes that no appeals are pending in the above cited cases and the time to file appeals has passed.
Nor is the instant case subject to the exception for plaintiff subject to "imminent danger of serious physical injury." 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). Plaintiff alleges that defendants are attempting "mental murder" by giving him psychotropic drugs and they once gave him 150 milligrams of haldol. However, the only relief plaintiff seeks is for defendants to be prosecuted and monetary damages, nor does plaintiff describe the psychotropic drugs he objects to.
The undersigned notes that these allegations or similar allegations involving his psycotropic medication have been the basis of many of plaintiff's complaints over the last ten years against various defendants, though plaintiff has yet to be murdered by defendants due to the medication as alleged in the instant complaint. See Winfield v. Katcher, et al., Case No. 2:03-cv-2064 GEB GGH P, Winfield v. Levy, Case No. 2:05-cv-1848 FCD CMK P, Winfield v. Downing, Case No. 2:06-cv-0391 GEB JFM P, Winfield v. White, Case No. 2:07-cv-0671 FCD DAD P, Winfield v. Suliven, et al., Case No. 2:07-cv-0828 LKK EFB P, Winfield v. Renolds, et al., Case No. 2:07-cv-2668 GEB GGH P, Winfield v. Soloman, et al., Case No. 2:08-cv-0875 WBS DAD P, Winfield v. Soliman, et al., Case No. 2:08-cv-1343 LKK KJM P, Winfield v. Soliman, et al., Case No. 2:08-cv-1413 GEB DAD P, Winfield v. Soliman, et al., Case No. 2:08-cv-3018 LKK GGH P. As it appears plaintiff files the same complaint any time a new defendant gives him medication, the undersigned does not find the allegations credible that plaintiff is in imminent danger based on a prior injection of haldol or the continuance of his other psycotropic medication that he fails to describe.
In accordance with the above, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that a district judge be assigned to this case.
IT IS HEREBY RECOMMENDED that plaintiff's motion to proceed in forma pauperis (Doc. 2) be denied for the reasons set forth above and plaintiff shall pay the filing fee in full within 28 days, if these findings and recommendations are adopted, failing which, the case be ordered dismissed.
These findings and recommendations are submitted to the United States District Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within fourteen days after being served with these findings and recommendations, any party may file written objections with the court and serve a copy on all parties. Such a document should be captioned "Objections to Magistrate Judge's Findings and Recommendations." Any reply to the objections shall be served and filed within fourteen days after service of the objections. The parties are advised that failure to file objections within the specified time may waive the right to appeal the District Court's order. Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991).