UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
October 17, 2012
GEORGE E. JACOBS, IV,
JEANNE WOODFORD, ET AL., DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Jennifer L. Thurston United States Magistrate Judge
SECOND SCHEDULING ORDER
Telephonic Trial Confirmation/PreTrial Conference: 11/30/12, 9:00 a.m. 9
Plaintiff is a state prisoner proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis with a civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. This matter has completed discovery and dispositive motions have been decided. Pursuant to Rule 16(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, the Court will by this order set a further schedule for this litigation.
The parties are required to file pretrial statements in accordance with the schedule set forth herein. In addition to the matters already required to be addressed in the pretrial statement in accordance with Local Rule 281, Plaintiff will be required to make a particularized showing in order to obtain the attendance of witnesses. The procedures and requirements for making this showing are outlined in detail below. Plaintiff is advised that failure to comply with the procedures set forth below may result in the preclusion of any and all witnesses named in his pretrial statement.
At the trial of this case, Plaintiff must be prepared to introduce evidence to prove each of the alleged facts that support the claims raised in the lawsuit. In general, there are two kinds of trial evidence: (1) exhibits and (2) the testimony of witnesses. It is Plaintiff's responsibility to produce all 2 of the evidence to prove his case, whether that evidence is in the form of exhibits or witness testimony. 3
If Plaintiff wants to call witnesses to testify, he must follow certain procedures to ensure that the 4 witnesses will be at the trial and available to testify. 5
1. Procedures for Obtaining Attendance of Incarcerated Witnesses Who Agree to Testify Voluntarily - An incarcerated witness who agrees voluntarily to attend trial to give testimony 7 cannot come to court unless the Court orders the warden or other custodian to permit the witness to be 8 transported to court. The Court will not issue such an order unless it is satisfied that: (a) the 9 prospective witness is willing to attend; and (b) the prospective witness has actual knowledge of relevant facts.
A party intending to introduce the testimony of incarcerated witnesses who have agreed voluntarily to attend the trial must serve and file concurrent with the pretrial statement a written motion for a court order requiring that such witnesses be brought to court at the time of trial. The motion must: (1) state the name, address, and prison identification number of each such witness; and (2) be accompanied by declarations showing that each witness is willing to testify and that each witness has actual knowledge of relevant facts. The motion should be entitled "Motion for Attendance of Incarcerated Witnesses."
The willingness of the prospective witness can be shown in one of two ways: (1) the party himself can swear by declaration under penalty of perjury that the prospective witness has informed the party that he or she is willing to testify voluntarily without being subpoenaed, in which declaration the party must state when and where the prospective witness informed the party of this willingness; or
(2) the party can serve and file a declaration, signed under penalty of perjury by the prospective witness, in which the witness states that he or she is willing to testify without being subpoenaed.
The prospective witness's actual knowledge of relevant facts can be shown in one of two ways:
(1) if the party has actual firsthand knowledge that the prospective witness was an eyewitness or an ear-witness to the relevant facts (i.e., if an incident occurred in Plaintiff's cell and, at the time, Plaintiff saw that a cellmate was present and observed the incident, Plaintiff may swear to the cellmate's ability to testify), the party himself can swear by declaration under penalty of perjury that the prospective witness has actual knowledge; or (2) the party can serve and file a declaration signed under penalty of 2 perjury by the prospective witness in which the witness describes the relevant facts to which the 3 prospective witness was an eye- or ear-witness. Whether the declaration is made by the party or by 4 the prospective witness, it must be specific about the incident, when and where it occurred, who was 5 present, and how the prospective witness happened to be in a position to see or to hear what occurred 6 at the time it occurred. 7
The Court will review and rule on the motion for attendance of incarcerated witnesses, 8 specifying which prospective witnesses must be brought to court. Subsequently, the Court will issue 9 the order necessary to cause the witness's custodian to bring the witness to court. Motions for the attendance of incarcerated witnesses, if any, must be filed on or before November 16, 2012. Oppositions, if any, must be filed on or before November 30, 2012.
2. Procedures for Obtaining Attendance of Incarcerated Witnesses Who Refuse to Testify Voluntarily - If a party seeks to obtain the attendance of incarcerated witnesses who refuse to testify voluntarily, the party should submit with his pretrial statement a motion for the attendance of such witnesses. Such motion should be in the form described above. In addition, the party must indicate in the motion that the incarcerated witnesses are not willing to testify voluntarily.
3. Procedures for Obtaining Attendance of Unincarcerated Witnesses Who Agree to Testify Voluntarily - It is the responsibility of the party who has secured an unincarcerated witness's voluntary attendance to notify the witness of the time and date of trial. No action need be sought or obtained from the Court.
4. Procedures for Obtaining Attendance of Unincarcerated Witnesses Who Refuse to Testify Voluntarily - If a prospective witness is not incarcerated, and he or she refuses to testify voluntarily, the witness must be served with a subpoena. Fed. R. Civ. P. 45. In addition, the party seeking the witness's presence must tender an appropriate sum of money for the witness. Id. In the case of an unincarcerated witness, the appropriate sum of money is the daily witness fee of $40.00 plus the witness's travel expenses. 28 U.S.C. § 1821.
If Plaintiff wishes to obtain the attendance of one or more unincarcerated witnesses who refuse to testify voluntarily, Plaintiff must first notify the Court in writing of the name and location of each unincarcerated witness. The Court will calculate the travel expense for each unincarcerated witness 2 and notify Plaintiff of the amount(s). Plaintiff must then, for each witness, submit a money order 3 made payable to the witness for the full amount of the witness's travel expenses plus the daily witness 4 fee of $40.00. The subpoena will not be served upon the unincarcerated witness by the United States 5
Marshal unless the money order is tendered to the Court. Because no statute authorizes the use of 6 public funds for these expenses in civil cases, the tendering of witness fees and travel expenses is 7 required even if the party was granted leave to proceed in forma pauperis. 8
If Plaintiff wishes to have the Marshal serve any unincarcerated
witnesses who refuse to testify
voluntarily, Plaintiff must submit the money orders to the Court no
later than November 15, 2012. In order to ensure timely submission of
the money orders, Plaintiff should notify the Court of the names and
locations of his witnesses, in compliance with step one, as soon as
The parties are advised that failure to file pretrial statements as required by this order may result in the imposition of appropriate sanctions, which may include dismissal of the action or entry of default.
In accordance with the above, it is HEREBY ORDERED that:
1. This matter is set for telephonic trial confirmation and pretrial conference on November 30, 2012 at 9:00 a.m.;
2. Counsel for Defendants is required to arrange for the participation of Plaintiff in the telephonic trial confirmation hearing and to initiate the telephonic hearing at (661) 321-3821;
3. The parties SHALL serve and file a pretrial statement as described in this order on or before November 16, 2012;
5. In addition to electronically filing their pretrial statement, Defendants shall e-mail the pretrial statement to: JLTOrders@caed.uscourts.gov;
6. If Plaintiff intends to call incarcerated witnesses at time of trial, Plaintiff shall serve and file a motion for attendance of incarcerated witnesses as described in this order on or before November 16, 2012;
7. The opposition to the motion for the attendance of incarcerated witnesses, if any, shall be filed on or before November 30, 2012;
8. If Plaintiff wishes to obtain the attendance of unincarcerated witnesses who refuse to 2 testify voluntarily, Plaintiff must submit the money orders, as described in subsection 4 of this order, 3 to the Court on or before November 16, 2012; and 4
9. The Clerk of the Court is directed to send Plaintiff a copy of Local Rule 281.
IT IS SO ORDERED. 7
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