IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
October 24, 2012
ADRIAN MOON, PLAINTIFF,
AMEND MAURICE JUNIOUS, ET AL., DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Gary S. Austin United States Magistrate Judge
SCREENING ORDER ORDER DISMISSING SECOND AMENDED COMPLAINT UNDER LOCAL RULE 220, WITH LEAVE TO (Doc. 36.)
ORDER FOR CLERK TO SEND PLAINTIFF A § 1983 COMPLAINT FORM THIRTY DAY DEADLINE TO FILE THIRD AMENDED COMPLAINT
Adrian Moon ("Plaintiff") is a state prisoner proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis in this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. This action was initiated by civil Complaint filed on January 20, 2012. (Doc. 1.) On February 8, 2012, Plaintiff filed the First Amended Complaint. (Doc. 9.) On March 9, 2012, the Court granted Plaintiff leave to file a Second Amended Complaint. (Doc. 14.) On August 6, 2012, Plaintiff filed the Second Amended Complaint, which is now before the Court for screening. (Doc. 36.)
II. SCREENING REQUIREMENT
The court is required to screen complaints brought by prisoners seeking relief against a governmental entity or officer or employee of a governmental entity. 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(a). The court must dismiss a complaint or portion thereof if the prisoner has raised claims that are legally "frivolous or malicious," that fail to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or that seek monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b)(1),(2). "Notwithstanding any filing fee, or any portion thereof, that may have been paid, the court shall dismiss the case at any time if the court determines that . . . the action or appeal . . . fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted." 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii).
A complaint must contain "a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief . . . ." Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a)(2). Detailed factual allegations are not required, but "[t]hreadbare recitals of the elements of a cause of action, supported by mere conclusory statements, do not suffice." Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. 1937, 1949 (2009) (citing Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555, 127 S.Ct. 1955, 1964-65 (2007)). Plaintiff must set forth "sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to 'state a claim that is plausible on its face.'" Id. While factual allegations are accepted as true, legal conclusions are not. Id. at 1949.
III. LOCAL RULE 220 - CHANGED PLEADINGS
Local Rule 220 provides, in part:
"Unless prior approval to the contrary is obtained from the Court, every pleading to which an amendment or supplement is permitted as a matter of right or has been allowed by court order shall be retyped and filed so that it is complete in itself without reference to the prior or superseded pleading. No pleading shall be deemed amended or supplemented until this Rule has been complied with. All changed pleadings shall contain copies of all exhibits referred to in the changed pleading."
L. R. 220. As a general rule, an amended complaint supersedes the original complaint. See Loux v. Rhay, 375 F.2d 55, 57 (9th Cir. 1967). Once an amended complaint is filed, the original complaint no longer serves any function in the case. Therefore, an amended complaint must be complete in itself without reference to any previous complaint, and each claim and the involvement of each defendant must be sufficiently alleged.
Plaintiff was advised in the Court's order of March 9, 2012 that "an amended complaint supercedes the original complaint" and that his Second Amended Complaint must be "complete in itself without reference to the prior or superceded pleading." (Doc. 14 at 2 ¶II.) However, Plaintiff's Second Amended Complaint makes reference to information contained in the original Complaint, stating, "Plaintiff(s) realleges and incorporate the original verified complaint filed on Jan. 20, 2012 (Doc 1) by this reference March 22, 2011." (Doc. 36 at 4 ¶1.) Therefore, the Second Amended Complaint fails to comply with Local Rule 220 and shall be dismissed, with leave to amend.
IV. CONCLUSION AND ORDER
Under Rule 15(a) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, leave to amend 'shall be freely given when justice so requires.'" Therefore, although the Court shall dismiss the Second Amended Complaint for failure to comply with Local Rule 220, Plaintiff shall be provided with time to file a Third Amended Complaint curing the deficiencies identified above.
Plaintiff must demonstrate in the Third Amended Complaint how the conditions complained of resulted in a deprivation of his constitutional rights. See Ellis v. Cassidy, 625 F.2d 227 (9th Cir. 1980). Plaintiff must set forth "sufficient factual matter . . . to 'state a claim that is plausible on its face.'" Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. at 1949 (quoting Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555; Moss v. U.S. Secret Service, 572 F.3d 962, 969 (9th Cir. 2009). The mere possibility of misconduct falls short of meeting this plausibility standard. Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. at 1949-50; Moss, 572 F.3d at 969. Plaintiff must also demonstrate that each defendant personally participated in the deprivation of his rights. Jones v. Williams, 297 F.3d, 930, 934 (emphasis added).
Plaintiff is advised that a short and simple statement of his claim will speed the screening of his case, and will help the litigation proceed in a more efficient manner. Twenty-five pages is more than sufficient for Plaintiff to identify his claims and set forth specific facts in support of those claims. Accordingly, Plaintiff 's Third Amended Complaint may not exceed twenty-five pages in length, and it will be stricken from the record if it violates this page limitation.
With regard to exhibits, while exhibits are permissible if incorporated by reference, Fed. R. Civ. P. 10(c), they are not necessary in the federal system of notice pleading, Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a). Plaintiff is advised that under Rule 8 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, Plaintiff is only obligated to provide "a short and plain statement of [his] claim." Plaintiff is not obligated to prove the allegations in his complaint at this stage. Attaching a large number of exhibits to a complaint may result in the complaint being dismissed for failure to comply with Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 8, as it will render the complaint to be neither a "short" nor "plain" statement of Plaintiff's claims.
Plaintiff should also note that although he has been given the opportunity to amend, it is not for the purposes of adding unrelated claims. In addition, Plaintiff should take care to include only those claims arising before January 20, 2012, when he filed this action, and for which he has exhausted his administrative remedies.
Finally, Plaintiff is again advised that Local Rule 220 requires that an amended complaint be complete in itself without reference to any prior pleading. As a general rule, an amended complaint supersedes the original complaint. See Loux, 375 F.2d at 57. Once an amended complaint is filed, the original complaint no longer serves any function in the case. Therefore, in an amended complaint, as in an original complaint, each claim and the involvement of each defendant must be sufficiently alleged.
The amended complaint should be clearly and boldly titled "Third Amended Complaint," refer to the appropriate case number, and be an original signed under penalty of perjury.
Based on the foregoing, it is HEREBY ORDERED that:
1. The Clerk's Office shall send Plaintiff a § 1983 civil rights complaint form;
2. Plaintiff's Second Amended Complaint is dismissed for failure to comply with Local Rule 220, with leave to file a Third Amended Complaint within thirty (30) days from the date of service of this order;
3. Plaintiff shall caption the amended complaint "Third Amended Complaint" and refer to the case number 1:12-cv-00096-GSA-PC;
4. The Second Amended Complaint may not exceed twenty-five pages in length, and it will be stricken from the record if it violates this page limitation; and
5. If Plaintiff fails to comply with this order, this action will be dismissed for failure to state a claim.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
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