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United States of America v. Eladio Cruz

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA


October 29, 2012

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
PLAINTIFF,
v.
ELADIO CRUZ,
DEFENDANT.

The opinion of the court was delivered by: Honorable Janis L. Sammartino United States District Judge

ORDER RE: IN CAMERA REVIEW OF GOVERNMENT DOCUMENTS

Presently before the Court is the Government's Ex Parte Application for an In Camera Review of Government Documents (Doc. No. 48). The Government has submitted two I-213 "Record of Deportable/Inadmissible Alien" forms related to the individuals arrested with Defendant Cruz on December 21, 2011. The Government requests that the Court make a determination as to whether these documents must be disclosed to Defendant Cruz.*fn1

Having reviewed the submissions, the Court finds that the documents are not required to be disclosed under Criminal Procedure Rule 16(a)(1)(E). Defendant has made no specific showing as to how these records would be material to his defense, nor is any materiality evident on the face of the documents as they contain no reference to Defendant Cruz' knowledge or intent at the time of his entry into the United States, nor to his actions prior to the aliens' apprehension.

The Court further finds that the documents are not required to be disclosed under Brady*fn2 or*fn3 as they contain no apparent exculpatory or impeachment evidence material to the guilt or punishment of Defendant Cruz. Thus, based upon its review of the documents provided, the Court finds no obligation on behalf of the Government to provide disclosure to the defendant.

Having made this determination, however, the Court presumes that the Government remains cognizant of the fact that it is the prosecution, being in a superior position to evaluate its own evidence, which must bear the ultimate responsibility to gauge the "likely net effect of all ... the evidence" and make disclosure of known, favorable evidence rising to a material level of importance. Kyle v. Whitley, 514 U.S. 419, 437-38 (1995).

IT IS SO ORDERED.


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