UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
November 8, 2012
FEDERAL NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION
CARLOS E. ANAYA, AND DOES 1 THROUGH 5, INCLUSIVE
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Present: Honorable VIRGINIA A. Phillips, U.S. District Judge
CIVIL MINUTES -- GENERAL
Marva Dillard None Present Courtroom Deputy Court Reporter
ATTORNEYS PRESENT FOR
ATTORNEYS PRESENT FOR
PROCEEDINGS: MINUTE ORDER MINUTE ORDER REMANDING ACTION
TO THE CALIFORNIA SUPERIOR COURT FOR THE COUNTY OF SAN BERNARDINO (IN CHAMBERS)
On August 3, 2012, Defendant Carlos E. Anaya first removed this action from the California Superior Court for the County of San Bernardino. (See Not. of Removal (Doc. No. 1), Fed. Nat'l Mortgage Ass'n v. Anaya, No. 12-01292VAP (C.D. Cal. Aug. 3, 2012).) This Court remanded the case and terminated it in this Court on August 27, 2012, on the following grounds:
Defendant alleges the Court has subject-matter jurisdiction to hear this matter pursuant 28 U.S.C. § 1441, because Plaintiff Federal National Mortgage Association's state unlawful detainer claim is in violation of Defendant's federal statutory and constitutional rights. Defendant's argument lacks merit; for the following reasons, the Court REMANDS the action to the California Superior Court for the County of San Bernardino.
Removal jurisdiction is governed by statute. See 28 U.S.C. §1441. The Ninth Circuit applies a strong presumption against removal jurisdiction, ensuring "the defendant always has the burden of establishing that removal is proper." Gaus v. Miles, Inc., 980 F.2d 564, 566 (9th Cir. 1992) (citing Nishimoto v. Federman--Bachrach & Assocs., 903 F.2d 709, 712 n.3 (9th Cir. 1990)); see also In re Ford Motor Co./Citibank, 264 F.3d 952, 957 (9th Cir. 2001) ("The party asserting federal jurisdiction bears the burden of proving the case is properly in federal court."). "If at any time before final judgment it appears that the district court lacks subject matter jurisdiction, the case shall be remanded." 28 U.S.C. § 1447(c); FW/PBS, Inc. v. Dallas, 493 U.S. 215, 231 (1990) ("federal courts are under an independent obligation to examine their own jurisdiction"); see also Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(h)(3) ("If the court determines at any time that it lacks subject-matter jurisdiction, the court must dismiss the action.")
Defendant argues that Congress intended to preempt state law unlawful detainer claims when it enacted the Emergency Economic Stablization Act; as such, Plaintiff has no California state law action to bring -- only a federal action.
Not. of Removal ¶ 10.)
"[B]ecause the States are independent sovereigns in our federal system," courts "have long presumed that Congress does not cavalierly pre-empt state law causes of action." Medtronic, Inc. v. Lohr, 518 U.S. 470, 485 (1996). "In all preemption cases, and particularly those in which Congress has 'legislated . . . in a field which the States have traditionally occupied, we start with the presumption that the historic police powers of the States were not superseded by the Federal Act unless that was the clear and manifest purpose of Congress.'" Id. (quoting Rice v. Santa Fe Elevator Corp., 331 U.S. 218, 230 (1947)). This Court therefore begins its analysis with the observation that "[c]oncepts of real property are deeply rooted in state traditions, customs, habits, and laws." Reconstr. Fin. Corp. v. Beaver Cty., 328 U.S. 204, 209 (1946). While Defendant's Notice of Removal describes Congress's intent of "complete preemption" (Not. of Removal ¶ 10), there is simply no evidence of Congress's intent to create a federal cause of action, supplanting states' unlawful detainer laws.
Further, existence of only a federal law defense cannot confer federal question jurisdiction on the Court, and therefore may not be the basis for removal of an action. Caterpillar Inc. v. Williams, 482 U.S. 386, 393 (1987). Accordingly, Defendant cannot invoke the Court's jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1441. (Minute Order Remanding Action (Doc. No. 6), id.)
The Court, like it did on August 27, 2012, lacks subject-matter jurisdiction over this action, and thus again REMANDS the matter to the California Superior Court for the County of San Bernardino. Defendant is cautioned that further frivolous attempts to remove the action to this Court may result in sanctions.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
MINUTES FORM 11 Initials of Deputy Clerk ___md___ CIVIL -- GEN Page 3
© 1992-2012 VersusLaw Inc.