The opinion of the court was delivered by: Margaret A. Nagle United States Magistrate Judge
PROTECTIVE ORDER ENTERED PURSUANT TO THE PARTIES' STIPULATION
Pursuant to Rule 26(c) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and based on the parties' Stipulation for Protective Order ("Stipulation") filed on August 27, 2012, the terms of the protective order to which the parties have agreed are adopted as a protective order of this Court (which generally shall govern the pretrial phase of this action) except to the extent, as set forth below, that those terms have been substantively modified by the Court's amendment of paragraphs 5 and 9 of the Stipulation.
The parties are expressly cautioned that the designation of any information, document, or thing as Confidential, Confidential Material, or other designation(s) used by the parties, does not, in and of itself, create any entitlement to file such information, document, or thing, in whole or in part, under seal. Accordingly, reference to this Protective Order or to the parties' designation of any information, document, or thing as Confidential, Confidential Material, or other designation(s) used by the parties, is wholly insufficient to warrant a filing under seal.
There is a strong presumption that the public has a right of access to judicial proceedings and records in civil cases. In connection with non-dispositive motions, good cause must be shown to support a filing under seal. The parties' mere designation of any information, document, or thing as Confidential, Confidential Material, or other designation(s) used by parties,does not -- without the submission of competent evidence, in the form of a declaration or declarations, establishing that the material sought to be filed under seal qualifies as confidential, privileged, or otherwise protectable -- constitute good cause.
Further, if sealing is requested in connection with a dispositive motion or trial, then compelling reasons, as opposed to good cause, for the sealing must be shown, and the relief sought shall be narrowly tailored to serve the specific interest to be protected. See Pintos v. Pacific Creditors Ass'n, 605 F.3d 665, 677-79 (9th Cir. 2010). For each item or type of information, document, or thing sought to be filed or introduced under seal in connection with a dispositive motion or trial, the party seeking protection must articulate compelling reasons, supported by specific facts and legal justification, for the requested sealing order. Again, competent evidence supporting the application to file documents under seal must be provided by declaration.
Any document that is not confidential, privileged, or otherwise protectable in its entirety will not be filed under seal if the confidential portions can be redacted. If documents can be redacted, then a redacted version for public viewing, omitting only the confidential, privileged, or otherwise protectable portions of the document, shall be filed. Any application that seeks to file documents under seal in their entirety should include an explanation of why redaction is not feasible.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this Protective Order, in the event that this case proceeds to trial, all information, documents, and things discussed or introduced into evidence at trial will become public and available to all members of the public, including the press, unless sufficient cause is shown in advance of trial to proceed otherwise.
TERMS OF PROTECTIVE ORDER
1. This Protective Order shall govern the production, use, and handling of confidential, proprietary, and/or private documents and information produced by parties in this litigation in response to written discovery (collectively "Confidential Material" or "Material"). All Confidential Material subject to this Protective Order shall be used solely for the prosecution, defense, or settlement of this action and shall not be used by any other party, other than the party that produced it, in any other litigation, for business, competitive, or publicity purposes, or for any other purpose whatsoever.
2. Responding parties shall designate Confidential Material by placing a "Confidential" stamp on each page so designated, for each document or information that, in good faith, the party believes is confidential, proprietary, and/or private. Documents and written discovery responses shall be designated as "Confidential" at the time of production. In addition, if a party files or lodges papers with the Court that incorporate Confidential Material, those unredacted papers, or the Confidential portions thereof, shall be treated as Confidential Material.
3. Confidential Material shall not be shown, revealed, released, disclosed, or communicated in any way to any person or entity, except those listed in Paragraph 4 below, without the advance written authorization of the party that produced it.
4. Confidential Material may only be disclosed to the following:
a. To the Court, subject to paragraph 5 below;
b. The attorneys of record for the parties to this litigation, their respective associates, partners, clerks, paralegals, legal assistants, secretaries, and other support staff who are actively engaged in assisting such attorneys in the ...