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Miguel Enrique Diaz v. Capt. Vasquez

November 9, 2012



I. Procedural History

Miguel Enrique Diaz ("Plaintiff") is a state prisoner proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis, in this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. On May 4, 2012, Plaintiff filed a motion for emergency injunction without ever filing a complaint. Doc. 1; Doc. 2. On May 14, 2012, Plaintiff filed another motion for preliminary injunction. Doc. 6. The Court will treat Plaintiff's motion as a motion for preliminary injunction and also as a complaint. Doc. 2.

II. Screening Requirement

The Court is required to screen complaints brought by prisoners seeking relief against a governmental entity or officer or employee of a governmental entity. 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(a). The Court must dismiss a complaint or portion thereof if the prisoner has raised claims that are legally "frivolous or malicious," that fail to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or that seek monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b)(1),(2).

"Notwithstanding any filing fee, or any portion thereof, that may have been paid, the court shall dismiss the case at any time if the court determines that . . . the action or appeal . . . fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted." 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii).

A complaint, or portion thereof, should only be dismissed for failure to state a claim upon which relief may be granted if it appears beyond doubt that Plaintiff can prove no set of facts in support of the claim or claims that would entitle him to relief. See Hishon v. King & Spalding, 467 U.S. 69, 73 (1984) (citing Conley v. Gibson, 355 U.S. 41, 45-46 (1957)); see also Synagogue v. United States, 482 F.3d 1058, 1060 (9th Cir. 2007); NL Industries, Inc. v. Kaplan, 792 F.2d 896, 898 (9th Cir. 1986). In determining whether to dismiss an action, the Court must accept as true the allegations of the complaint in question, and construe the pleading in the light most favorable to the plaintiff, and resolve all doubts in the plaintiff's favor. Jenkins v. McKeithen, 395 U.S. 411, 421-22 (1969); Daniels-Hall v. National Educ. Ass'n, 629 F.3d 992, 998 (9th Cir. 2010).

III. Plaintiff's Complaint

Plaintiff is currently a state prisoner at the California State Prison, Corcoran (CSPC) in Corcoran, California. The events central to Plaintiff's complaint occurred while he was at prisoner at California Substance Abuse Treatment Facility (CSATF) in Corcoran, California. Doc. 2. In the complaint, Plaintiff fails to name any defendants. Doc. 2. Plaintiff seeks injunctive relief. Doc. 2.

Plaintiff alleges that he arrived to CSATF on April 17, 2012. Doc. 2 at 2.On April 30, 2012, Correctional Officer Lozano denied Plaintiff a reasonable accommodation. Doc. 2 at 2. Officer Lozano called Lieutenant J. Gallagher who told Plaintiff that all state issued shoes are soft shoes. Doc. 2 at 2. Gallagher stated that he spoke to C. M. Heck Agpa who stated that Plaintiff's "chrono"*fn1 was invalid. Doc. 2 at 2. Plaintiff asserts that his chrono specifically states that "state issued shoes cause further tendon injury and bleeding in this inmate." Doc. 2 at 2. Plaintiff argues that the denial of any reasonable accommodation in the memorandum issued on March 28, 2012, by Captain Vasquez and signed by Lieutenant Morales violated the ADA and constitutes cruel and unusual punishment. Doc. 2 at 2-3. Plaintiff alleges that he is a diabetic with lower mobility impairments and is insulin dependant. Doc. 2 at 2. Plaintiff argues that he is being subjected to malicious cruelty and intentional reckless disregard of his ADA rights and is suffering from the wilful infliction of pain and suffering by violating his chrono. Doc. 2 at 2. Plaintiff states that his tendon injury is documented by the Chief Medical Officer at CSP Solano where he was formerly housed and Associate Warden Shirley at CSP Solano granted his ADA appeal. Doc. 2 at 3.

IV. Applicable Law and Analysis

A. Eighth Amendment Deliberate Indifference to Serious Medical Need

"[T]o maintain an Eighth Amendment claim based on prison medical treatment, an inmate must show 'deliberate indifference to serious medical needs.'" Jett v. Penner, 439 F.3d 1091, 1096 (9th Cir. 2006) (quoting Estelle v. Gamble, 429 U.S. 97, 106 (1976)). The two part test for deliberate indifference requires the plaintiff to show (1) "'a serious medical need' by demonstrating that 'failure to treat a prisoner's condition could result in further significant injury or the unnecessary and wanton infliction of pain,'" and (2) "the defendant's response to the need was deliberately indifferent." Jett, 439 F.3d at 1096 (quoting McGuckin v. Smith, 974 F.2d 1050, 1059 (9th Cir. 1992), overruled on other grounds, WMX Techs., Inc. v. Miller, 104 F.3d 1133, 1136 (9th Cir. 1997) (en banc)).

Deliberate indifference is shown by "a purposeful act or failure to respond to a prisoner's pain or possible medical need, and harm caused by the indifference." Jett, 439 F.3d at 1096 (citing McGuckin, 974 F.2d at 1060). Deliberate indifference may be manifested "when prison officials deny, delay or intentionally interfere with medical treatment, or it may be shown by the way in which prison physicians provide medical care." Jett, 439 F.3d at 1096 (citing McGuckin at 1060). Where a prisoner is alleging a delay in receiving medical treatment, the delay must have led to further harm in order for the prisoner to make a claim ...

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