The opinion of the court was delivered by: Kendall J. Newman United States Magistrate Judge
The undersigned previously granted Alla V. Vorobets' motion to withdraw as counsel for plaintiffs GN Trade, Inc., Vladimir Demin, and Vladimir Shevchenko.*fn1 (Order and Order to Show Cause ("OSC"), Aug. 10, 2012, Dkt. No. 49.)
As explained in the undersigned's prior order, and as Ms. Vorobets previously correctly advised her clients, plaintiff GN Trade, Inc. is a corporation that cannot appear in federal court without an attorney. (Id.; see Local Rule 183(a) ("A corporation or other entity may appear only by an attorney"); see also Rowland v. Cal. Men's Colony, Unit II Men's Advisory Council, 506 U.S. 194, 202 (1993); D-Beam Ltd. P'ship v. Roller Derby Skates, Inc., 366 F.3d 972, 973-74 (9th Cir. 2004); United States v. High Country Broad. Co., 3 F.3d 1244, 1245 (9th Cir. 1993) (per curiam).) The undersigned previously granted GN Trade, Inc. 30 days to retain counsel and notify the court of such retention. (OSC, Dkt. No. 49 at 4.) The undersigned informed plaintiffs that if GN Trade, Inc. does not secure counsel within the time permitted, it and its claims shall be dismissed. (Id.) Nevertheless, since that order GN Trade, Inc. has not appeared through counsel, and the 30-day period has passed. While plaintiff Vladimir Shevchenko filed a written response to the OSC, he did not address GN Trade, Inc.'s lack of counsel and did not describe efforts to obtain new counsel. (Response to OSC, Dkt. No. 50.) Accordingly, for the reasons stated in the OSC and pursuant to the authorities discussed therein, the undersigned dismisses plaintiff GN Trade, Inc. from this action.
The undersigned also previously ordered plaintiffs Demin and Shevchenko to show cause why this case should not be dismissed for failure to prosecute. (OSC, Dkt. No. 49 at 3-4; Vorobets Decl. ¶ 5 ("Since late September, 2011, Plaintiffs have refused to expend time, resources, and funds on discovery despite multiple requests from Counsel, thus causing the litigation to come to a standstill.").) Plaintiff Vladimir Shevchenko filed a written response to the OSC, explained plaintiffs' "lack of money issue," expressed the desire to continue to pursue this case on his own and without counsel, and requested that this case not be dismissed. (Response to OSC, Dkt. No. 50.) Accordingly, the OSC as to the individual plaintiffs is discharged.
However, not withstanding their financial difficulties, plaintiffs remain obligated to timely comply with the discovery rules, rules of litigation procedure, and this court's orders. Plaintiffs shall review and comply with the undersigned's prior orders, the Eastern District Local Rules and the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure notwithstanding their status as non-attorneys. Litigants proceeding without counsel, also known as pro se litigants, are bound by the rules of litigation procedure. King v. Atiyeh, 814 F.2d 565, 567 (9th Cir. 1987). Eastern District Local Rule 183, governing persons appearing without counsel, provides that failures to comply with the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and the Local Rules may be grounds for dismissal or other appropriate sanctions. Similarly, Local Rule 110 provides that failure to comply with the Local Rules "may be grounds for imposition by the Court of any and all sanctions authorized by statute or Rule or within the inherent power of the Court." Ghazali v. Moran, 46 F.3d 52, 53 (9th Cir. 1995). Plaintiffs are also directed to the Status (Pretrial Scheduling) Order that is operative in this case, especially given that several key dates are rapidly approaching. (Scheduling Order, Dkt. No. 43.)
Finally, the undersigned previously ordered plaintiffs to update the court regarding the status of an ongoing state court action between the same parties in this case. (Scheduling Order, Dkt. No 43 at 2-4.) In his Scheduling Order, the undersigned explained that:
Based on the status reports and the parties' representations at the status conference, it appears that plaintiffs' counterclaims in the Superior Court case are substantially similar, if not identical, to those that they have affirmatively asserted in the action pending before this court [and] [b]ecause of the seemingly parallel actions, the court permissibly raised sua sponte the issue of a possible stay of this action pursuant to the so-called 'Colorado River Doctrine.'
However, at the status conference, plaintiffs' counsel represented that plaintiffs would dismiss their counterclaims in the action proceeding in the Superior Court in order to avoid a stay of this action and allow this case to proceed in federal court . . . The Colorado River doctrine, a narrow doctrine announced in Colorado River Water Conservation District v. United States, 424 U.S. 800 (1976), permits a federal court to stay or dismiss an action essentially on the grounds of wise judicial administration or efficiency. See also R.R. Street & Co. v. Transport Ins. Co., 656 F.3d 966, 978-79 (9th Cir. 2011)").) (Scheduling Order, Dkt. No 43 at 2-4.) Pursuant to plaintiffs' filing on April 2, 2012 (Dkt. No. 46), plaintiffs' counsel represented that:
Pursuant to the Court's February 17, 2012 order, Plaintiffs GN TRADE, INC. ("GN Trade"), VLADIMIR SHEVCHENKO ("Shevchenko"), and VLADIMIR DEMIN ("Demin") (collectively the "Plaintiffs"), through their attorney, hereby submit the following explanation regarding the status of their counterclaims in the Placer Superior Court action, Case #SCV 0026664: Pursuant to California Code of Civil Procedure §581, Defendants' consent to dismissal of the Plaintiffs' Cross-Complaint is required. Defendants have recently retained new counsel, Glenn W. Peterson of Millstone Peterson & Watts, LLP. Plaintiffs' undersigned counsel has been in communication with Defendants' new counsel regarding the pending Superior Court action, including the dismissal of Plaintiffs' Cross-Complaint. Based on the latter communications, Plaintiffs' counsel believes the pendency of the parties' Superior Court claims, either via dismissal or removal to federal court, will be resolved within several weeks from the date of this Status Report.
(Pl.'s Status Report, April 2, 2012, Dkt. No. 46.)
It has now been far longer than "several weeks" since plaintiffs' filing regarding the status of their counterclaims in state court action. (Id.) The status of those claims bears directly on whether or not this case should be stayed until that action concludes, as described in the Scheduling Order. Accordingly, within 14 days of the entry of this order, plaintiffs shall file a further update regarding the status of their counterclaims in the state court action in accordance with the Order at Docket Number 43. (Dkt. No. 43 at 2-4.) Plaintiffs' failure to timely comply with this order absent good cause may result in monetary or other sanctions, potentially including dismissal of this action for failure to comply with court orders and/or failure to prosecute this case.
For the foregoing reasons, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that:
1. Because plaintiff GN Trade, Inc. is a corporation that cannot represent itself in federal court without an attorney, and because GN Trade, Inc. did not appear through counsel within 30 days of the undersigned's prior order (OSC, Dkt. No. 49), GN Trade, Inc. is hereby dismissed from this case.
2. The Order to Show Cause (OSC, Dkt. No. 49 at 3-4) as to the individual plaintiffs is discharged in light of plaintiff Vladimir Shevchenko's ...