The opinion of the court was delivered by: A. Howard Matz, U.S. District Judge
Present: The Honorable A. HOWARD MATZ, U.S. DISTRICT JUDGE
Stephen Montes Not Reported
Deputy Clerk Court Reporter / Recorder Tape No. Attorneys NOT Present for Plaintiffs: Attorneys NOT Present for Defendants:
Proceedings: IN CHAMBERS (No Proceedings Held)
Appellant-Debtor Georges Marciano and Hill, Farrer & Burrill, LLP
("HFB") appeal from two orders of the bankruptcy court.*fn1
In the order at issue in the consolidated appeals CV 12-2353
and CV 12-2890, the bankruptcy court denied HFB's petition for
retroactive approval of its representation of Marciano when he was a
Chapter 11 debtor-in-possession. In CV 12-5042, Marciano and HFB
appeal from a subsequent order ordering HFB to disgorge the
compensation it received for its representation of Marciano during
Bankruptcy law charges counsel for a debtor-in-possession with a fiduciary duty to the estate. By its own admission, HFB violated this duty while it was representing Marciano as the debtor-in-possession. For this reason, the bankruptcy court did not abuse its discretion in denying HFB's retroactive application and ordering it to disgorge its fees. Thus, the Court AFFIRMS the orders of the bankruptcy court.
Because the parties are well aware of the factual background of this case, the Court will therefore recite only the salient facts relevant to this appeal. HFB represented Marciano after several creditors filed an involuntary Chapter 11 bankruptcy petition against him. On December 28, 2010, the bankruptcy court entered an Order of Relief granting the petition and bringing Marciano under bankruptcy court jurisdiction. Upon the entry of the Order of Relief, Marciano was deemed a "debtor-in-possession" (or "DIP") by the bankruptcy court.
During the next few months, HFB filed various motions in the bankruptcy case and filed a brief in a related state court appeal. Marciano did not, however, file the schedules of assets and liabilities that are required of Chapter 11 debtors-in-possession. In March 10, 2011, the bankruptcy court appointed David K. Gottlieb as the Chapter 11 bankruptcy trustee, which relieved Marciano of his duties as a debtor-in-possession.
HFB received $340,450.53 for its representation of Marciano while he was a debtor-in-possession (that is, the period from the entry of the Order of Relief until the appointment of the Chapter 11 Trustee). The entirety of those funds came from various bank accounts in the name of Armand Marciano, Georges Marciano's brother.
On October 11, 2011, the Trustee filed a motion to require HFB to submit a retroactive application for its representation of Marciano during the DIP period. The Trustee contended that, as counsel to the debtor-in-possession, HFB had a fiduciary duty to the estate during that period and an application was needed to evaluate whether HFB was in a position to fulfill that role. Over HFB's opposition, the bankruptcy granted the motion. In its application, HFB conceded that during the DIP period it had acted, at least in certain respects, in the best interests of Marciano, not the estate. ER at 503 (Dkt. 13). Based on those concessions, the court denied HFB's application and subsequently ordered it to disgorge the $340,450.53 in compensation it received for its representation of Marciano as the debtor-in-possession.
Despite the fact that all of these funds had been wired to HFB from bank accounts in the name of Armand Marciano, the court concluded that only $50,007.19 should be returned to Armand. Armand and the Trustee reached an agreement that the Trustee should receive another $130,400 of those funds, pending resolution of a dispute between those two parties over whether the funds were traceable to Georges Marciano. Neither Armand nor any other party claimed entitlement to the balance of the funds, approximately $160,000. Consequently, the court also ordered that amount be delivered to the Trustee.
The Court reviews the bankruptcy court's findings of fact for clear error. In re Palmdale Hills Property, LLC, 457 B.R. 29, 40 (9th Cir. BAP 2011); In re PW, LLC, 391 B.R. 25, 32 (9th Cir. BAP 2008). For a finding to be clearly erroneous, it must be illogical, implausible, or without support in the record. United States v. Hinkson, 585 F.3d 1247, 1261 (9th Cir. 2009) (en banc). A bankruptcy court's conclusions of law are reviewed de novo. In re Reynoso, 315 B.R. 544, 549 (9th Cir. BAP 2004). Finally, a ...