UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
November 30, 2012
ELISABETH HARRIS, AN INDIVIDUAL, PLAINTIFF,
EATON CORPORATION, ON OHIO CORPORATION, EATON AEROSPACE, LLC A LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY, AND DOES 1 THROUGH 100, INCLUSIVE, DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Jean P. Rosenbluth United States Magistrate Judge
ORDER FOR STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER [DISCOVERY MATTER]
Action Filed: May 16, 2012 Removal Filed: June 21, 2012 Trial Date: None Set Based upon the Stipulated Protective Order submitted by the parties, and for good cause shown:
The Court hereby orders that:
1.PURPOSES AND LIMITATIONS
Discovery in this action is likely to involve production of material that a producing party contends is confidential, proprietary, or private information for which special protection from public disclosure and from use for any purpose other than prosecuting this litigation would be warranted, including but not limited to (1) proprietary procedures, manuals, and policies, including specifically Defendants' Employee Handbook, (2) proprietary and confidential business operations information, such as documents and information relating to Defendants' outsourcing of business functions or positions; (3) internal business or financial information; (4) the personnel files of non-party employees of Defendants; (5) the private information of present or former employees of Defendants, and (6) any other similar proprietary, confidential, or private information. The Parties expressly adopt the definition of "trade secrets," as set forth by California Civil Code section 3426.1, in this Stipulated Protective Order.
Good cause exists to protect each of the categories of documents identified above, as prejudice or harm to a Party or third party may result if no protective order is granted. In particular, business competitors of Defendants could obtain an unfair advantage that would cause harm to Defendants' competitive position, Defendants could be economically prejudiced, and the privacy rights of Defendants' past and present employees could be violated if any of the confidential information identified above is published for purposes outside those permitted in this Stipulated Protective Order. The Parties seek to avoid undue economic harm to the Parties and third parties resulting from complying with their discovery obligations. The purpose of this Stipulated Protective Order is to protect the legitimately designated confidential business, employee and privacy protected information to be produced in this action from public disclosure.
Accordingly, the Parties hereby stipulate to and petition the Court to enter the following Stipulated Protective Order. The Parties, and third parties designating documents for protection under this Order, acknowledge that this Order does not confer blanket protections on all disclosures or responses to discovery and that the protection it affords extends only to the limited information or items that are entitled under the applicable legal principles to treatment as confidential.
2.1. Party: any party to this action, including all of its officers, directors, employees, consultants, retained experts, and outside counsel (and their support staff).
2.2. Discovery Material: all items or information, regardless of the medium or manner generated, stored, or maintained (including, among other things, testimony, transcripts, or tangible things) that are produced or generated in disclosures or responses to discovery in this matter.
2.3. "Confidential" Information or Items: information (regardless of how generated, stored or maintained) or tangible things that qualify for protection under provisions of Paragraph 1.
2.4. "Highly Confidential -- Attorneys' Eyes Only" Information or Items: extremely sensitive "Confidential Information or Items" whose disclosure to another Party or nonparty would create a substantial risk of serious injury that could not be avoided by less restrictive means.
2.5. Receiving Party: a Party that receives Discovery Material from a Producing Party.
2.6. Producing Party: a Party or non-party that produces Discovery Material in this action.
2.7. Designating Party: a Party or non-party that designates information or items that it produces in disclosures or in responses to discovery as "Confidential" or "Highly Confidential - Attorneys' Eyes Only."
2.8. Protected Material: any Discovery Material that is designated as "Confidential" or as "Highly Confidential -- Attorneys' Eyes Only" or that contains any Private Material.
2.9. Outside Counsel: attorneys who are not employees of a Party but who are retained to represent or advise a Party in this action.
2.10. House Counsel: attorneys who are employees of a Party. 2.11. Counsel (without qualifier): Outside Counsel and House Counsel (as well as their support staffs).
2.12. Expert: a person with specialized knowledge or experience in a matter pertinent to the litigation who has been retained by a Party or its counsel to serve as an expert witness or as a consultant in this action and who is not a past or a current employee of an adverse Party. This definition includes a professional jury or trial consultant retained in connection with this litigation.
2.13. Professional Vendors: persons or entities that provide litigation support services (e.g., photocopying; videotaping; translating; preparing exhibits or demonstrations; organizing, storing, retrieving data in any form or medium; etc.) and their employees and subcontractors.
2.14. Private Material: any document or other Discovery Material that contains the names and addresses of any current or former employees of Defendant.
The protections conferred by this Stipulation and Order cover not only Protected Material (as defined above), but also any information copied or extracted therefrom, as well as all copies, excerpts, summaries, or compilations thereof, plus testimony, conversations, or presentations by parties or counsel in non-courtroom settings that actually reveal Protected Material. Protected Material used at trial will become public absent a separate court order upon written motion and sufficient cause shown. Any Party that intends to use Protected Material at trial will provide sufficient notice of the use of Protected Material, identifying the Protected Material with specificity, within sufficient time for the other Party to seek, via regular motion practice, a court order. Sufficient notice shall be not less than ten days prior to the time by which a motion to protect Protected Material must be filed.
Even after the termination of this litigation, the confidentiality obligations imposed by this Order shall remain in effect until a Designating Party agrees otherwise in writing or a court order otherwise directs.
5.DESIGNATING PROTECTED MATERIAL
5.1. Manner and Timing of Designations. Except as otherwise provided in this Order (see, e.g., second paragraph of section 5.2(a), below), or as otherwise stipulated or ordered, material that qualifies for protection under this Order must be clearly so designated before the material is disclosed or produced. Designation in conformity with this Order requires:
(a) for information in documentary form (apart from transcripts of depositions or other pretrial or trial proceedings), that the Producing Party affix the legend "CONFIDENTIAL" or "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL -- ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY" conspicuously on each page that contains protected material. If only a portion or portions of the material on a page qualifies for protection, the Producing Party also must clearly identify the protected portion(s) (e.g., by making appropriate markings in the margins) and must specify, for each portion, the level of protection being asserted (either "CONFIDENTIAL" or "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL -- ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY"). A Party or non-party that makes original documents or materials available for inspection need not designate them for protection until after the inspecting Party has indicated which material it would like copied and produced. During the inspection and before the designation, all of the material made available for inspection shall be deemed "CONFIDENTIAL." After the inspecting Party has identified the documents it wants copied and produced, the Producing Party must determine which documents, or portions thereof, qualify for protection under this Order, then, before producing the specified documents, the Producing Party must affix the appropriate legend ("CONFIDENTIAL" or "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL -- ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY") at the top of each page that contains Protected Material. If only a portion or portions of the material on a page qualifies for protection, the Producing Party also must clearly identify the protected portion(s) (e.g., by making appropriate markings in the margins) and must specify, for each portion, the level of protection being asserted (either "CONFIDENTIAL" or "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL -- ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY").
(b) for testimony given in deposition proceedings, any Party has a right to identify and designate the specific portions of the testimony as to which protection is sought and to specify the level of protection being asserted ("CONFIDENTIAL" or "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL -- ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY") up to 20 days after the deposition has taken place. The Designating Party shall inform all parties and the court reporter of the designations in writing not later than the 20th day after the deposition; if the 20th day falls on a weekend or holiday, it shall be extended to the next business day. Only those portions of the testimony that are appropriately designated for protection within the 20 days shall be covered by the provisions of this Stipulated Protective Order. Transcript pages containing Protected Material must be separately bound by the court reporter, who must affix to the top of each such page the legend "CONFIDENTIAL" or "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL -- ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY," as instructed by the Party.
(c) for information produced in some form other than documentary, and for any other tangible items, that the Producing Party affix in a prominent place on the exterior of the container or containers in which the information or item is stored the legend "CONFIDENTIAL" or "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL -- ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY." If only portions of the information or item warrant protection, the Producing Party, to the extent practicable, shall identify the protected portions, specifying whether they qualify as "Confidential" or as "Highly Confidential -- Attorneys' Eyes Only."
5.2. Inadvertent Failures to Designate. If timely corrected, an inadvertent failure to designate qualified information or items as "Confidential" or "Highly Confidential -- Attorneys' Eyes Only" does not, standing alone, waive the Designating Party's right to secure protection under this Order for such material. If material is appropriately designated as "Confidential" or "Highly Confidential -- Attorneys' Eyes Only" after the material was initially produced, the Receiving Party, on timely notification of the designation, must make reasonable efforts to assure that the material is treated in accordance with the provisions of this Order.
6.CHALLENGING CONFIDENTIALITY DESIGNATIONS
6.1. Timing of Challenges. Unless a prompt challenge to a Designating Party's confidentiality designation is necessary to avoid foreseeable substantial unfairness, unnecessary economic burdens, or a later significant disruption or delay of the litigation, a Party does not waive its right to challenge a confidentiality designation by electing not to mount a challenge promptly after the original designation is disclosed.
6.2. Meet and Confer. The Parties shall handle and address all disputes with respect to a confidentiality designation as required by Central District of California Local Rule 37. A Party that elects to initiate a challenge to a Designating Party's confidentiality designation must do so in good faith and must begin the process by conferring directly with counsel for the Designating Party as required by Local Rule 37-1.
6.3. Judicial Intervention. A Party that elects to press a challenge to a confidentiality designation after considering the justification offered by the Designating Party may file and serve a motion, consistent with the requirements of Section 10 of this Protective Order and the requirements of Central District of California Local Rule 79-5, that identifies the challenged material and sets forth in detail the basis for the challenge. The filing of any such motion must be in the form of a Joint Stipulation that complies with the requirements of Central District of California Local Rule 37. Each Joint Stipulation must be accompanied by a competent declaration that affirms that the movant has complied with the meet and confer requirements imposed in the preceding paragraph, and that sets forth with specificity the lack of justification for the confidentiality designation that was given by the Designating Party in the meet and confer dialogue. Until the court rules on the challenge, all parties shall continue to afford the material in question the level of protection to which it is entitled under the Designating Party's designation. The burden of proof in any such challenge shall be on the party claiming the material is entitled to a confidentiality designation.
7.ACCESS TO AND USE OF PROTECTED MATERIAL
7.1. Basic Principles. A Receiving Party may use Protected Material that is disclosed or produced by another Party or by a non-party in connection with this case only for prosecuting, defending, or attempting to settle this litigation, and not for any business purposes or in connection with any other litigation. Such Protected Material may be disclosed only to the categories of persons and under the conditions described in this Order. When the litigation has been terminated, a Receiving Party must comply with the provisions of section 11, below (FINAL DISPOSITION). Protected Material must be stored and maintained by a Receiving Party at a location and in a secure manner that ensures that access is limited to the persons authorized under this Order.
7.2. Disclosure of "CONFIDENTIAL" Information or Items. As detailed below, the Court and its personnel are not subject to this Stipulated Protective Order. Unless otherwise ordered by the Court or permitted in writing by the Designating Party, a Receiving Party may disclose any information or item designated CONFIDENTIAL only to:
(a) Receiving Party's Outside Counsel of record in this action, as well as employees of said Counsel to whom it is reasonably necessary to disclose the information for this litigation and who have signed the "Agreement to Be Bound by Protective Order" that is attached hereto as Exhibit A;
(b) the officers, directors, and employees (including House Counsel) of the Receiving Party to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this litigation and who have signed the "Agreement to Be Bound by Protective Order" (Exhibit A);
(c) the officers, directors, managers and employees of the Designating Party during direct- or cross-examination during a deposition, to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this litigation;
(d) Experts (as defined in this Order) of the Receiving Party to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this litigation and who have signed the "Agreement to Be Bound by Protective Order" (Exhibit A);
(e) the Court and its personnel; (f) court reporters (court reporters employed by the Court are not subject to this Stipulated Protective Order), their staffs, and professional vendors to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this litigation and who have been informed that the information is subject to a Protective Order and must remain confidential;
(g) potential witnesses in the action to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary and who have signed the "Agreement to Be Bound by Protective Order" (Exhibit A). Pages of transcribed deposition testimony or exhibits to depositions that reveal Protected Material must be separately bound by the court reporter and may not be disclosed to anyone except as permitted under this Stipulated Protective Order;
(h) the author of the document, or the original source of the information or Private Material and who has previously been shown the document by Designating Party;
(i) any mediator hired by the parties to conduct a mediation in this case.
7.3. Disclosure of "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL -- ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY" Information or Items. As detailed below, the Court and its personnel are not subject to this Stipulated Protective Order. Unless otherwise ordered by the Court or permitted in writing by the Designating Party, a Receiving Party may disclose any information or item designated "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL -- ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY" only to:
(a) the Receiving Party's Counsel in this action (including House Counsel and Outside Counsel), as well as employees of said Counsel to whom it is reasonably necessary to disclose the information for this litigation and who have signed the "Agreement to Be Bound by Protective Order" that is attached hereto as Exhibit A;
(b) the officers, directors, and managers of the Designating Party during direct- or cross-examination during a deposition or trial, to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this litigation;
(c) Experts (as defined in this Order) (1) to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this litigation, (2) who have signed the "Agreement to Be Bound by Protective Order" (Exhibit A);
(d) the Court and its personnel; (e) court reporters (court reporters employed by the Court are not subject to this Stipulated Protective Order), their staffs, and professional vendors to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this litigation and who have signed the "Agreement to Be Bound by Protective Order" (Exhibit A); and
(f) the author of the document or the original source of the information.
7.4. Procedures for Disclosure of Protected Material to "Experts": Unless otherwise ordered by the court or agreed in writing by the Designating Party, a Party that seeks to disclose to an "Expert" (as defined in this Order) any information or item that has been designated Protected Material first must inform the Designating Party that (1) Protected Material information will be provided to an Expert, (2) that the Expert has executed Exhibit "A", (3) that the Receiving Party of the Protected Material information has the Expert's executed Exhibit "A" in its possession prior to the release of any Protected Material information to the Expert;
(4) and that the Expert has agreed not to disclose the Protected Material to anyone who has not agreed to be bound by Exhibit "A." Provided the Receiving Party complies with the provisions of this Paragraph 7.4, the Receiving Party has no obligation to disclose the identity of any of its Experts (as defined in this Order) pursuant to this Paragraph 7.4, but this Paragraph 7.4 shall not affect any duty to disclose experts contained in applicable rules, by stipulation of the parties or order of the Court.
7.5 Restrictions on Use of Private Materials. The Private Materials shall not be used for the purpose of contacting current employees of Defendant during times at which Defendant's employees are scheduled and/or expected to be working for Defendant, nor shall information from the Private Materials be revealed to the media.
8.PROTECTED MATERIAL SUBPOENAED OR ORDERED PRODUCED IN OTHER LITIGATION.
If a Receiving Party is served with a subpoena or an order issued in other litigation that would compel disclosure of any information or items designated in this action as "CONFIDENTIAL" or "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL -- ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY," the Receiving Party must so notify the Designating Party, in writing (by fax or e-mail, if possible) as soon as practicable, and each party will use its best efforts to provide this notice within five court days after receiving the subpoena or order. Such notification must include a copy of the subpoena or court order. The Receiving Party also must make reasonable efforts to inform in writing promptly the party who caused the subpoena or order to issue in the other litigation that some or all the material covered by the subpoena or order is the subject of this Protective Order. In addition, the Receiving Party must deliver a copy of this Stipulated Protective Order promptly to the party in the other action that caused the subpoena or order to issue. The purpose of imposing these duties is to alert the interested parties to the existence of this Protective Order and to afford the Designating Party in this case an opportunity to try to protect its confidentiality interests in the court from which the subpoena or order issued. Nothing in this Order shall be construed as authorizing a party to disobey a lawful subpoena issued in another action.
9.UNAUTHORIZED DISCLOSURE OF PROTECTED MATERIAL
If a Receiving Party learns that, by inadvertence or otherwise, it has disclosed Protected Material to any person or in any circumstance not authorized under this Stipulated Protective Order, the Receiving Party must immediately (a) notify in writing the Designating Party of the unauthorized disclosures, (b) use its best efforts to retrieve all copies of the Protected Material, (c) inform the person or persons to whom unauthorized disclosures were made of all the terms of this Order, and (d) request such person or persons to execute the "Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound" that is attached hereto as Exhibit A.
10.FILING PROTECTED MATERIAL
A Receiving Party may not file in the public record in this action any Protected Material designated as "CONFIDENTIAL" or "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL-ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY" without complying with Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(c) regarding lodging or filing material under seal. Each Party agrees not to oppose any motion to seal Protected Material, except and only to the extent that a Party has previously challenged, in any manner, the designation of the Protected Material which is the subject of the motion to seal. Any Party seeking to file Protected Material under seal must comply with Central District of California Local Rule 79-5.
11.USING PROTECTED MATERIAL AT TRIAL
Not later than the deadline for filing pretrial disclosures pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(a), the Parties shall meet and confer regarding the procedures for use of Protected Material at trial and shall move the Court for entry of an appropriate order. In the event that the Parties cannot agree upon the procedures for use of Protected Material at trial, each Party shall include a notation in its pretrial disclosures that the intended disclosure contains Protected Material. The Parties may object to the disclosure of Protected Material pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(a)(3)(B), and the Court shall resolve any outstanding disputes over such disclosure.
Unless otherwise ordered or agreed in writing by the Producing Party, within sixty days after the final termination of this action and upon demand, each Receiving Party must return all Protected Material to the Producing Party. As used in this subdivision, "all Protected Material" includes all copies, abstracts, compilations, summaries or any other form of reproducing or capturing any of the Protected Material. With permission in writing from the Designating Party, the Receiving Party may destroy some or all of the Protected Material instead of returning it. Whether the Protected Material is returned or destroyed, the Receiving Party must submit a written certification to the Producing Party (and, if not the same person or entity, to the Designating Party) by the sixty day deadline that identifies (by category, where appropriate) all the Protected Material that was returned or destroyed and that affirms that the Receiving Party has not retained any copies, abstracts, compilations, summaries or other forms of reproducing or capturing any of the Protected Material. Notwithstanding this provision, Counsel are entitled to retain an archival copy of all pleadings, motion papers, transcripts, legal memoranda, correspondence or attorney work product, even if such materials contain Protected Material. Any such archival copies that contain or constitute Protected Material remain subject to this Protective Order as set forth in Section 4 (DURATION), above.
13.1. Counsel agree to maintain a file of all Certifications (Exhibit A) required by this Agreement. The file containing the Certifications (Exhibit A) and the specific Certifications therein shall not be available for review by opposing counsel absent agreement of the parties or an order of the Court to this action determining that there is a good faith basis for the Certifications, or any part of them, to be reviewed.
13.2. Right to Further Relief. Nothing in this Order abridges the right of any person to seek its modification by the Court in the future.
13.3. Right to Assert Other Objections. By stipulating to the entry of this Protective Order, no Party waives any right it otherwise would have to object to disclosing or producing any information or item on any ground not addressed in this Stipulated Protective Order. Similarly, no Party waives any right to object on any ground to use in evidence of any of the material covered by this Protective Order.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
EXHIBIT A ACKNOWLEDGMENT AND AGREEMENT TO BE BOUND
I, _____________________________ [print or type full name], of
[print or type full address], declare under penalty of perjury that I have read in its entirety and understand the Stipulated Protective Order that was issued by the United States District Court, Central District of California, on _____________, 2012 in the case of Elisabeth Harris v. Eaton Corporation, et al., Case No. SACV12-1019 JST (JPRx). I agree to comply with and to be bound by all the terms of this Stipulated Protective Order and I understand and acknowledge that failure to so comply could expose me to sanctions and punishment in the nature of contempt. I solemnly promise that I will not disclose in any manner any information or item that is subject to this Stipulated Protective Order to any person or entity except in strict compliance with the provisions of this Order.
I further agree to submit to the jurisdiction of the United States District Court, Central District of California, for the purpose of enforcing the terms of this Stipulated Protective Order, even if such enforcement proceedings occur after termination of this action.
Date: _________________________________ City and State where sworn and signed: ______________________________ Printed name: ______________________________ Signature: __________________________________
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