The opinion of the court was delivered by: Dean D. Pregerson United States District Judge
ORDER GRANTING DEFENDANTS' MOTION TO DISMISS [Dkt. No. 15]
Presently before the court is Defendants' Motion to Dismiss, or in the Alternative, to Strike Plaintiff's Claims for Punitive Damages. For the reasons stated below, the court GRANTS the motion with leave to amend.
Plaintiff Wendy Ellen Fleischmann filed a First Amended Complaint ("FAC") in the Superior Court of California, Los Angeles on August 20, 2012 against Defendants Care Credit and GE Money Bank (collectively "Defendants" or "GECRB"). Plaintiff's claims are for: (1) violations of the Fair Credit Reporting Act ("FCRA"); (2) violation of the Song-Beverly Credit Card Act of 1971 ("Song-Beverly Act"); (3) injunctive relief; and (4) declaratory relief. Defendants removed the action to this court.
On June 18, 2008 Plaintiff sought to have refractive surgery performed by the Berg-Feinfeld Vision Correction office ("BergFeinfeld"). (FAC ¶ 9.) The surgery cost $4,000.00. (FAC ¶ 9.) At the suggestion of Berg-Feinfeld, Plaintiff entered into a written agreement with Defendants to obtain financing for the surgery ("the Agreement"). (FAC ¶ 10.) The Agreement stated that Defendants would extend the credit to Plaintiff and pay BergFeinfeld directly and that Plaintiff would have twelve months, interest-free, to pay off the loan. (FAC ¶ 12.)
Pursuant to the Agreement, Defendants extended Plaintiff credit and paid Berg-Feinfeld. (FAC ¶ 16.) On July 16, 2009, Plaintiff made her final payment of the loan to Defendants. (FAC ¶
16.) On August 10, 2009, Defendants deducted another payment from Plaintiff's account. (FAC ¶ 18.) After Plaintiff notified Defendants of this error, Defendants agreed to cease all automatic deductions and refunded Plaintiff's money on August 14, 2009. (FAC
¶ 20.) However, Plaintiff continued to receive bills from Defendants, and on November 10, 2009, she received a collection call from Defendant GE Money Bank. (FAC ¶¶ 19, 21.) Defendants placed Plaintiff's account into collections with Allied Interstate Collection Agency on November 14, 2009. (FAC ¶ 23.)
In January 2001 Plaintiff hired Attorney Bohrer in an attempt to resolve this dispute. (FAC ¶ 26.) Plaintiff's attorney sent two letters to Defendants, but did not receive a response to either. (FAC ¶¶ 26-28.)
As a result of this dispute, Plaintiff has a negative entry on her credit profile. (FAC ¶ 30, Exh. 14.) She has been denied credit and subject to increased credit rates (FAC ¶ 29).
Under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6), a complaint is subject to dismissal when the plaintiff's allegations fail to state a claim upon which relief can be granted. "When determining whether a complaint states a claim, a court must accept as true all allegations of material fact and must construe those facts in the light most favorable to the plaintiff." Resnick v. Hayes, 213 F.3d 443, 447 (9th Cir. 2000).
In Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 679 (2009), the Supreme Court explained that a court considering a 12(b)(6) motion should first "identify pleadings that, because they are no more than conclusions, are not entitled to the assumption of truth." Id. Next, the court should identify the complaint's "well-pleaded factual allegations, . . . assume their ...