UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
December 18, 2012
CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF
CORRECTIONS AND REHABILITATION, ET AL.,
ORDER GRANTING IN PART AND DENYING IN PART PLAINTIFF'S MOTION FOR RECONSIDERATION (ECF No. 80 ORDER STRIKING PLAINTIFF'S ANSWERS TO DEFENDANTS' STATEMENT OF UNDISPUTED FACT (ECF No. 74)
Plaintiff Gregory McKinney ("Plaintiff") is a state prisoner proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis in this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Defendants filed a motion for summary judgment in this action on December 12, 2011. (ECF No. 52.) Plaintiff was granted a thirty day extension of time to file an opposition on January 30, 2012. (ECF No. 54.) On March 20, 2012, Plaintiff was ordered to file an opposition within fourteen days because he had failed to file an opposition within the time period granted. (ECF No. 55.) On April 11, 2012, Plaintiff filed an opposition to Defendants' motion for summary judgment. (ECF No. 60.) Defendants filed a reply on April 18, 2012. (ECF No. 61.) Plaintiff filed a surreply on May 23, 2012. (ECF No. 62.) On May 25, 2012, an order issued striking Plaintiff's surreply and findings and recommendations issued recommending granting Defendants' motion for summary judgment. (ECF Nos. 63, 64.)
On June 29, 2012, Plaintiff filed objections to the Magistrate Judges' findings and recommendations. (ECF NO. 65.) In light of the decision in Woods v. Carey, 684 F.3d 934, 9393 (9th Cir. 2012), Plaintiff was provided with notice of the requirements for opposing a motion for summary judgment and granted thirty days in which to file a supplemental opposition to Defendants' motion for summary judgment. (ECF Nos. 66, 67.) Plaintiff was granted an extension of time to file a supplemental opposition on August 22, 2012. (ECF No. 70.) Rather than filing a supplemental opposition to the motion for summary judgment, Plaintiff filed an unsworn answer to Defendants' statement of undisputed facts, and motion to continue the motion for summary judgment pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 56(d) on September 28, 2012. (ECF Nos. 71, 72.) On October 1, 2012, Plaintiff filed an untimely motion to compel discovery and a request that his answer to Defendants' statement of facts be stricken from the record as premature. (ECF Nos. 73, 74.) On October 24, 2012, Plaintiff's motion to continue the motion for summary judgment and motion to compel were denied. (ECF No. 77.) On December 6, 2012, an order issued adopting the findings and recommendations and granting Defendants' motion for summary judgment issued and judgment was entered. (ECF Nos. 78, 79.) On December 14, 2012, Plaintiff filed a motion for reconsideration. (ECF No. 80.)
Pursuant to Rule 60(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, "[o]n motion and just terms, the court may relieve a party . . .from a final judgment, order, or proceeding for the following reasons: (1) mistake, inadvertence, surprise, or excusable neglect; (2) newly discovered evidence . . . (3) fraud . . .; (4) the judgment is void; (5) the judgment has been satisfied, released or discharged; . . . or (6) any other reason that justifies relief." Fed. R. Civ. Proc. 60(b). Where none of these factors is present the motion is properly denied. Fuller v. M.G. Jewelry, 950 F.2d 1437, 1442 (9th Cir. 1991).
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 60(b)(6) allows the Court to relieve a party from an order for any reason that justifies relief. Rule 60(b)(6) "is to be used sparingly as an equitable remedy to prevent manifest injustice and is to be utilized only where extraordinary circumstances . . ." exist. Harvest v. Castro, 531 F.3d 737, 749 (9th Cir. 2008) (internal quotations marks and citation omitted). The moving party "must demonstrate both injury and circumstances beyond his control . . . ." Id. (internal quotation marks and citation omitted). Further, Local Rule 230(j) requires, in relevant part, that Plaintiff show "what new or different facts or circumstances are claimed to exist which did not exist or were not shown upon such prior motion, or what other grounds exist for the motion," and "why the facts or circumstances were not shown at the time of the prior motion."
"A motion for reconsideration should not be granted, absent highly unusual circumstances, unless the district court is presented with newly discovered evidence, committed clear error, or if there is an intervening change in the controlling law," and it "may not be used to raise arguments or present evidence for the first time when they could reasonably have been raised earlier in the litigation." Marlyn Nutraceuticals, Inc. v. Mucos Pharma GmbH & Co., 571 F.3d 873, 880 (9th Cir. 2009) (internal quotations marks and citations omitted) (emphasis in original).
On October 1, 2012, Plaintiff filed a document entitled "Please Take Judicial Notices Strike Plaintiff's Answers to Defendants Statement of Undisputed Facts. (ECF No. 74.) The Court shall grant Plaintiff's request and strike his answer from the record.
Plaintiff seeks reconsideration of the October 24, 2012, order asserting that the Magistrate Judge erred by not striking his premature answer to the Defendants' undisputed facts and denying his Rule 59(d) motion. (Motion for Reconsideration 6, ECF No. 80.) Plaintiff alleges that the Magistrate Judge erred in denying his motion for a thirty day extension of time because he stated in his motion that a prison riot occurred on August 28, 2012, and he was confined to his cell without law library access for sixteen days. Plaintiff brought his motion under Rule 56(d) seeking a continuance to obtain additional discovery and the motion was denied because he failed to make the required showing that additional discovery was needed prior to opposing the motion for summary judgment. (Order Denying Plaintiff's Motion for Thirty Day Extension to Postpone the Motion for Summary Judgment 2:25-3:9, ECF No. 77.) Accordingly the Magistrate Judge did not err in denying the motion.
To the extent that Plaintiff objects because he wanted the thirty day extension of time due to being without access to the law library, the Court shall grant Plaintiff thirty days in which to file a supplemental opposition to the motion for summary judgment. Plaintiff is advised that no further extensions of time shall be granted.
Based on the foregoing, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that:
1. Plaintiff's motion for reconsideration is GRANTED IN PART AND DENIED IN PART as follows:
a. Plaintiff's motion to strike his answer to Defendants' statement of undisputed facts, filed October 1, 2012, is GRANTED;
b. Plaintiff's answer to Defendants' statement of undisputed facts, filed September 28, 2012, is STRICKEN FROM THE RECORD;
c. Plaintiff's motion for reconsideration of the order denying his motion to continue the motion for summary judgment pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 56(d) is DENIED; and
2. Within thirty days from the date of service of this order, Plaintiff shall file a supplemental opposition to Defendants' motion for summary judgment.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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