The opinion of the court was delivered by: Barry Ted Moskowitz, Chief Judge United States District Court
Plaintiff Bernard Hess, a nonprisoner proceeding pro se, has submitted a complaint against the State of California, alleging, inter alia, violations of his right to a fair trial under the Sixth Amendment. On December 18, 2012, Plaintiff filed a motion to proceed in forma pauperis pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a).
Under § 1915(a), the Court may authorize the commencement of a suit without prepayment of fees if the plaintiff submits an affidavit, including a statement of all his assets, showing that he is unable to pay filing fees. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a). Plaintiff has submitted an affidavit which sufficiently shows that he lacks the financial resources to pay filing fees, and the Court accordingly GRANTS Plaintiff's motion to proceed in forma pauperis.
Notwithstanding payment of any filing fee or portion thereof, a complaint filed by any person proceeding in forma pauperis pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a) is subject to a mandatory and sua sponte review and dismissal by the Court to the extent it is "frivolous, malicious, failing to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or seeking monetary relief from a defendant immune from such relief." 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B); Calhoun v. Stahl, 254 F.3d 845, 845 (9th Cir. 2001) ("[T]he provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B) are not limited to prisoners.").
Under the Eleventh Amendment, "[t]he Judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by Citizens of another State, or by Citizens or Subjects of any Foreign State." The Eleventh Amendment bars suits against states for alleged deprivations of civil liberties unless the state has waived its immunity. Will v. Michigan Dept. of State Police, 491 U.S. 58, 66, 109 S. Ct. 2304, 2309, 105 L. Ed. 2d 45 (1989). As California has not waived its sovereign immunity for alleged constitutional violations, Plaintiff's suit is barred. Therefore, the Court DISMISSES the complaint.
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