The opinion of the court was delivered by: The Honorable Paul L. Abrams United States Magistrate Judge
NOTE: CHANGES MADE BY THE COURT
STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER
Plaintiff Constructive Designs, LLC and Defendant Pepsi-Cola Company have filed a stipulation, pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P. 26(c), for entry of this Stipulated Protective Order to govern the handling of information and materials produced in the course of discovery or filed with the Court in this action.
The parties have stipulated that it is their intent that information will not be designated as confidential for tactical reasons in this case and that nothing be so designated without a good faith belief that there is good cause why it should not be part of the public record of this case. The parties have further stipulated that examples of confidential information that the parties may seek to protect from unrestricted or unprotected disclosure include:
(a) Information that is the subject of a non-disclosure or confidentiality agreement or obligation;
(b) The names, or other information tending to reveal the identity of a party's supplier, designer, distributor, or customer;
(c) Agreements with third-parties, including license agreements, distributor agreements, manufacturing agreements, design agreements, development agreements, supply agreements, sales agreements, or service agreements;
(d) Research and development information; (e) Proprietary engineering or technical information, including product design, manufacturing techniques, processing information, drawings, memoranda and reports;
(f) Information related to budgets, sales, profits, costs, margins, licensing of technology or designs, product pricing, or other internal financial/accounting information, including non-public information related to financial condition or performance and income or other non-public tax information;
(g) Information related to internal operations including personnel information;
(h) Information related to past, current and future product development;
(i) Information related to past, current and future market analyses and business and marketing development, including plans, strategies, forecasts and competition; and
(j) Trade secrets (as defined by the jurisdiction in which the information is located).
In their Stipulation, the parties have jointly represented that unrestricted or unprotected disclosure of such confidential technical, commercial or personal information would result in prejudice or harm to the producing party by revealing the producing party's competitive confidential information, which has been developed at the expense of the producing party and which represents valuable tangible and intangible assets of that party. Additionally, privacy interests must be safeguarded.
Accordingly, the Court finds that there is good cause for the entry of this Protective Order, and Orders as follows:
1. PURPOSES AND LIMITATIONS
The parties to this action have stipulated that disclosure and discovery activity in this action are likely to involve production of confidential, proprietary, or private information for which special protection from public disclosure and from use for any purpose other than prosecuting this litigation may be warranted. The parties are cautioned that this Order does not confer blanket protections on all disclosures or responses to discovery and that the protection it affords from public disclosure and use extends only to the limited information or items that are entitled to confidential treatment under the applicable legal principles. The parties are further forewarned that, as set forth in Section 14.4 below, this Stipulated Protective Order does not entitle them to file confidential information under seal; Civil Local Rule 79-5 set forth the procedures that must be followed and the standards that will be applied when a party seeks permission from the Court to file material under seal.
2. DEFINITIONS 2.1 Challenging Party: a Party or Non-Party that challenges the designation of information or items under this Order.
2.2 "CONFIDENTIAL" Information or Items: information (regardless of how it is generated, stored or maintained) or tangible things that qualify for protection under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(c).
2.3 Counsel (without qualifier): Outside Counsel of Record and House Counsel (as well as their support staff).
2.4 Designated House Counsel: House Counsel who seek access to "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL -- ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY" information in this matter.
2.5 Designating Party: a Party or Non-Party that designates information or items that it produces in disclosures or in responses to discovery as "CONFIDENTIAL," "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL -- ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY," or "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL -- SOURCE CODE."
2.6 Disclosure or Discovery Material: all items or information, regardless of the medium or manner in which it is generated, stored, or maintained (including, among other things, testimony, transcripts, and tangible things), that are produced or generated in disclosures or responses to discovery in this matter.
2.7 Expert: a person with specialized knowledge or experience in a matter pertinent to the litigation who (1) has been retained by a Party or its counsel to serve as an expert witness or as a consultant in this action, (2) is not a past or current employee of a Party or of a Party's competitor, and (3) at the time of retention, is not anticipated to become an employee of a Party or of a Party's competitor.
2.8 "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL -- ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY" Information or Items: extremely sensitive "Confidential Information or Items," disclosure of which to another Party or Non-Party would create a substantial risk of serious harm that could not be avoided by less restrictive means.
2.9 "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL -- SOURCE CODE" Information or Items: extremely sensitive "Confidential Information or Items" representing computer code and associated comments and revision histories, formulas, engineering specifications, or schematics that define or otherwise describe in detail the algorithms or structure of software or hardware designs, disclosure of which to another Party or Non-Party would create a substantial risk of serious harm that could not be avoided by less restrictive means.
2.10 House Counsel: attorneys who are employees of a party to this action. House Counsel does not include Outside Counsel of Record or any other outside counsel.
2.11 Non-Party: any natural person, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal entity not named as a Party to this action.
2.12 Outside Counsel of Record: attorneys who are not employees of a party to this action but are retained to represent or advise a party to this action and have appeared in this action on behalf of that party or are affiliated with a law firm which has appeared on behalf of that party.
2.13 Party: any party to this action, including all of its officers, directors, employees, consultants, retained experts, and Outside Counsel of Record (and their support staffs).
2.14 Producing Party: a Party or Non-Party that produces Disclosure or Discovery Material in this action.
2.15 Professional Vendors: persons or entities that provide litigation support services (e.g., photocopying, videotaping, translating, preparing exhibits or demonstrations, and organizing, storing, or retrieving data in any form or medium) and their employees and subcontractors.
2.16 Protected Material: any Disclosure or Discovery Material that is designated as "CONFIDENTIAL," "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL -- ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY," or "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL -- SOURCE CODE."
2.17 Receiving Party: a Party that receives Disclosure or Discovery Material from a Producing Party.
The protections conferred by this Stipulated Protective Order cover not only
Protected Material (as defined above), but also (1) any information copied or extracted from Protected Material; (2) all copies, excerpts, summaries, or compilations of Protected Material; and (3) any testimony, conversations, or presentations by Parties or their Counsel that might reveal Protected Material. However, the protections conferred by this Stipulation and Order do not cover the following information: (a) any information that is in the public domain at the time of disclosure to a Receiving Party or becomes part of the public domain after its disclosure to a Receiving Party as a result of publication not involving a violation of this Order, including becoming part of the public record through trial or otherwise; and (b) any information known to the Receiving Party prior to the disclosure or obtained by the Receiving Party after the ...